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android下载的断点续传的功能的实现

标签: 断点续传多线程下载android多线程下载
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前一篇博客介绍了android的多线程下载:
http://blog.csdn.net/whsdu929/article/details/52351807

下面来介绍一下下载过程中断点续传功能的实现。所谓的断点续传就是可以在下载过程中随时暂停下载,恢复下载时会从上次中断的地方继续下载,而不是从头开始。


断点续传的原理是:每次暂停下载时,记录保存每个线程当前下载到的位置,恢复下载时直接找到这个位置开始继续下载。


完整代码:

public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {

    public static final String TEST_URL = "http://gdown.baidu.com/data/wisegame/e59f42264a98b05e/WeChat_861.apk";

    private Button btn;

    private boolean mIsDownloading = false;

    private List<HashMap<String, Integer>> mDownloadInfoList;

    private URL url;

    private File file;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        mDownloadInfoList = new ArrayList<>();

        btn = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn);
        btn.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(mIsDownloading){
                    mIsDownloading = false;
                    btn.setText("开始下载");
                    return;
                }
                mIsDownloading = true;
                btn.setText("暂停下载");
                if(mDownloadInfoList.size() == 0){
                    new Thread() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            try {
                                url = new URL(TEST_URL);
                                HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
                                conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
                                conn.setConnectTimeout(5000);
                                conn.setRequestProperty("User-Agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 5.1; Trident/4.0; .NET CLR 2.0.50727)");

                                String fileName = TEST_URL.substring(TEST_URL.lastIndexOf("/") + 1);
                                file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath(), fileName);
                                int totalLength = conn.getContentLength();
                                int subLength = totalLength / 3;

                                for(int i = 0; i < 3; i++){
                                    int start = i * subLength;
                                    int end = (i+1) * subLength - 1;
                                    if(i == 2){
                                        end = totalLength;
                                    }
                                    HashMap<String, Integer> hashMap = new HashMap<>();
                                    hashMap.put("start", start);
                                    hashMap.put("end", end);
                                    hashMap.put("finished", 0);
                                    mDownloadInfoList.add(hashMap);
                                    new DownloadThread(i, start, end, file, url).start();
                                }

                            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();
                            } catch (IOException e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();
                            }
                        }
                    }.start();
                }else{
                    for(int i = 0; i < 3; i++){
                        HashMap<String, Integer> hashMap = mDownloadInfoList.get(i);
                        int start = hashMap.get("start");
                        int end = hashMap.get("end");
                        int finished = hashMap.get("finished");
                        new DownloadThread(i, start + finished, end, file, url).start();
                    }
                }
            }
        });
    }

    class DownloadThread extends Thread{

        int threadId;
        int start;
        int end;
        File file;
        URL url;

        int currLength = 0;
        int totalLength;

        public DownloadThread(int threadId, int start, int end, File file, URL url){
            this.threadId = threadId;
            this.start = start;
            this.end = end;
            this.file = file;
            this.url = url;

            totalLength = end - start + 1;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            try {
                if(start > end){
                    return;
                }
                HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
                conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
                conn.setRequestProperty("User-Agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 5.1; Trident/4.0; .NET CLR 2.0.50727)");
                conn.setRequestProperty("Range", "bytes=" + start + "-" + end);

                RandomAccessFile randomAccessFile = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rw");
                randomAccessFile.seek(start);

                HashMap<String, Integer> hashMap = mDownloadInfoList.get(threadId);
                InputStream is = conn.getInputStream();
                byte[] buf = new byte[1024 * 1024];
                int len;
                while((len = is.read(buf)) != -1 && mIsDownloading){
                    currLength += len;
                    hashMap.put("finished", currLength);
                    randomAccessFile.write(buf, 0, len);
                }

                is.close();
                randomAccessFile.close();
            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}
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