websocket+php+socket聊天室

原创 2017年09月14日 11:11:32

客户端(聊天前端页面):

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>mychat_socket</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1, maximum-scale=1, user-scalable=no">
  <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.2/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
  <style type="text/css">
    <!--
    html, body {
      min-height: 100%;
    }

    body {
      margin: 0;
      padding: 0;
      width: 100%;
      font-family: "Microsoft Yahei", sans-serif, Arial;
    }

    .container {
      text-align: center;
    }

    .title {
      font-size: 16px;
      color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
      position: fixed;
      line-height: 30px;
      height: 30px;
      left: 0px;
      right: 0px;
      background-color: white;
    }

    .content {
      background-color: #f1f1f1;
      border-top-left-radius: 6px;
      border-top-right-radius: 6px;
      margin-top: 30px;
    }

    .content .show-area {
      text-align: left;
      padding-top: 8px;
      padding-bottom: 168px;
    }

    .content .show-area .message {
      width: 70%;
      padding: 5px;
      word-wrap: break-word;
      word-break: normal;
    }

    .content .write-area {
      position: fixed;
      bottom: 0px;
      right: 0px;
      left: 0px;
      background-color: #f1f1f1;
      z-index: 10;
      width: 100%;
      height: 160px;
      border-top: 1px solid #d8d8d8;
    }

    .content .write-area .send {
      position: relative;
      top: -28px;
      height: 28px;
      border-top-left-radius: 55px;
      border-top-right-radius: 55px;
    }

    .content .write-area #name {
      position: relative;
      top: -20px;
      line-height: 28px;
      font-size: 13px;
    }

    -->
  </style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
  <div class="title">简易聊天demo</div>
  <div class="content">
    <div class="show-area"></div>
    <div class="write-area">
      <div>
        <button class="btn btn-default send">发送</button>
      </div>
      <div><input name="name" id="name" type="text" placeholder="input your name"></div>
      <div>
        <textarea name="message" id="message" cols="38" rows="4" placeholder="input your message..."></textarea>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

<script src="http://libs.baidu.com/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.2/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
<script>
  $(function(){
    var wsurl = 'ws://127.0.0.1:9505/websocket/server.php';
    var websocket;
    var i = 0;
    if(window.WebSocket){
      websocket = new WebSocket(wsurl);

      //连接建立
      websocket.onopen = function(evevt){
        console.log("Connected to WebSocket server.");
        $('.show-area').append('<p class="bg-info message"><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-info-sign"></i>Connected to WebSocket server!</p>');
      }
      //收到消息
      websocket.onmessage = function(event){
        var msg = JSON.parse(event.data); //解析收到的json消息数据

        var type = msg.type; // 消息类型
        var umsg = msg.message; //消息文本
        var uname = msg.name; //发送人
        i++;
        if(type == 'usermsg'){
          $('.show-area').append('<p class="bg-success message"><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></i><a name="' + i + '"></a><span class="label label-primary">' + uname + ' say: </span>' + umsg + '</p>');
        }
        if(type == 'system'){
          $('.show-area').append('<p class="bg-warning message"><a name="' + i + '"></a><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-info-sign"></i>' + umsg + '</p>');
        }

        $('#message').val('');
        window.location.hash = '#' + i;
      }

      //发生错误
      websocket.onerror = function(event){
        i++;
        console.log("Connected to WebSocket server error");
        $('.show-area').append('<p class="bg-danger message"><a name="' + i + '"></a><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-info-sign"></i>Connect to WebSocket server error.</p>');
        window.location.hash = '#' + i;
      }

      //连接关闭
      websocket.onclose = function(event){
        i++;
        console.log('websocket Connection Closed. ');
        $('.show-area').append('<p class="bg-warning message"><a name="' + i + '"></a><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-info-sign"></i>websocket Connection Closed.</p>');
        window.location.hash = '#' + i;
      }

      function send(){
        var name = $('#name').val();
        var message = $('#message').val();
        if(!name){
          alert('请输入用户名!');
          return false;
        }
        if(!message){
          alert('发送消息不能为空!');
          return false;
        }
        var msg = {
          message: message,
          name   : name
        };
        try{
          websocket.send(JSON.stringify(msg));
        }
        catch(ex){
          console.log(ex);
        }
      }

      //按下enter键发送消息
      $(window).keydown(function(event){
        if(event.keyCode == 13){
          console.log('user enter');
          send();
        }
      });

      //点发送按钮发送消息
      $('.send').bind('click', function(){
        send();
      });

    }else{
      alert('该浏览器不支持web socket');
    }

  });
</script>
</body>
</html>


服务端(php+socket):


<?php
$host = '127.0.0.1';
$port = '9505';
$null = NULL;

//创建tcp socket
$socket = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP);
socket_set_option($socket, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, 1);
socket_bind($socket, 0, $port);

//监听端口
socket_listen($socket);

//连接的client socket 列表
$clients = array($socket);

//设置一个死循环,用来监听连接 ,状态
while(true){

    $changed = $clients;
    socket_select($changed, $null, $null, 0, 10);

    //如果有新的连接
    if(in_array($socket, $changed)){
        //接受并加入新的socket连接
        $socket_new = socket_accept($socket);
        $clients[]  = $socket_new;

        //通过socket获取数据执行handshake
        $header = socket_read($socket_new, 1024);
        perform_handshaking($header, $socket_new, $host, $port);

        //获取client ip 编码json数据,并发送通知
        socket_getpeername($socket_new, $ip);
        $response = mask(json_encode(array('type' => 'system', 'message' => $ip . ' connected')));
        send_message($response);
        $found_socket = array_search($socket, $changed);
        unset($changed[$found_socket]);
    }

    //轮询 每个client socket 连接
    foreach($changed as $changed_socket){

        //如果有client数据发送过来
        while(socket_recv($changed_socket, $buf, 1024, 0) >= 1){
            //解码发送过来的数据
            $received_text = unmask($buf);
            $tst_msg       = json_decode($received_text);
            $user_name     = $tst_msg->name;
            $user_message  = $tst_msg->message;

            //把消息发送回所有连接的 client 上去
            $response_text = mask(json_encode(array(
                'type'    => 'usermsg',
                'name'    => $user_name,
                'message' => $user_message
            )));
            send_message($response_text);
            break 2;
        }

        //检查offline的client
        $buf = @socket_read($changed_socket, 1024, PHP_NORMAL_READ);
        if($buf === false){
            $found_socket = array_search($changed_socket, $clients);
            socket_getpeername($changed_socket, $ip);
            unset($clients[$found_socket]);
            $response = mask(json_encode(array('type' => 'system', 'message' => $ip . ' disconnected')));
            send_message($response);
        }
    }
}
// 关闭监听的socket
socket_close($sock);

//发送消息的方法
function send_message($msg){
    global $clients;
    foreach($clients as $changed_socket){
        @socket_write($changed_socket, $msg, strlen($msg));
    }
    return true;
}

//解码数据
function unmask($text){
    $length = ord($text[1]) & 127;
    if($length == 126){
        $masks = substr($text, 4, 4);
        $data  = substr($text, 8);
    }elseif($length == 127){
        $masks = substr($text, 10, 4);
        $data  = substr($text, 14);
    }else{
        $masks = substr($text, 2, 4);
        $data  = substr($text, 6);
    }
    $text = "";
    for($i = 0; $i < strlen($data); ++$i){
        $text .= $data[$i] ^ $masks[$i % 4];
    }
    return $text;
}

//编码数据
function mask($text){
    $b1     = 0x80 | (0x1 & 0x0f);
    $length = strlen($text);

    if($length <= 125){
        $header = pack('CC', $b1, $length);
    }elseif($length > 125 && $length < 65536){
        $header = pack('CCn', $b1, 126, $length);
    }elseif($length >= 65536){
        $header = pack('CCNN', $b1, 127, $length);
    }
    return $header . $text;
}

//握手的逻辑
function perform_handshaking($receved_header, $client_conn, $host, $port){
    $headers = array();
    $lines   = preg_split("/\r\n/", $receved_header);
    foreach($lines as $line){
        $line = chop($line);
        if(preg_match('/\A(\S+): (.*)\z/', $line, $matches)){
            $headers[$matches[1]] = $matches[2];
        }
    }

    $secKey    = $headers['Sec-WebSocket-Key'];
    $secAccept = base64_encode(pack('H*', sha1($secKey . '258EAFA5-E914-47DA-95CA-C5AB0DC85B11')));
    $upgrade   = "HTTP/1.1 101 Web Socket Protocol Handshake\r\n" . "Upgrade: websocket\r\n" . "Connection: Upgrade\r\n" . "WebSocket-Origin: $host\r\n" . "WebSocket-Location: ws://$host:$port/demo/shout.php\r\n" . "Sec-WebSocket-Accept:$secAccept\r\n\r\n";
    socket_write($client_conn, $upgrade, strlen($upgrade));
}


版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 举报

相关文章推荐

websocket原理

一、websocket与httpWebSocket是HTML5出的东西(协议),也就是说HTTP协议没有变化,或者说没关系,但HTTP是不支持持久连接的(长连接,循环连接的不算) 首先HTTP有 1...

队列基本操作的实现

#include #include using namespace std; typedef struct qnode { int data; struct qnode *next; }qtype...

我是如何成为一名python大咖的?

人生苦短,都说必须python,那么我分享下我是如何从小白成为Python资深开发者的吧。2014年我大学刚毕业..

最短路径算法(下)——弗洛伊德(Floyd)算法

概述在这篇博客中我主要讲解最短路径算法中的Floyd算法,这是针对多源最短路径的一个经典算法。对于单源最短路径算法请详见我的另一篇博客:最短路径算法(上)——迪杰斯特拉(Dijikstra)算法弗洛伊...

php-socket理论(01)

建立Socket连接至少需要一对套接字,其中一个运行于客户端,称为ClientSocket ,另一个运行于服务器端,称为ServerSocket 。 套接字之间的连接过程分为三个步骤:服务器监听,客...

qt unicode编码到16进制符号字符串

QByteArray uEncodeSymbol(const QString &resStr) { // 如何把Unicode中文字符串以\u十六进制方式显示? // 比如: 汉...

kohana orm select 组函数计算值

kohana的orm类在find的时候也可以自定义要find出来的字段项,在find或者find_all之前使用select方法,写法如: $pressreleaseSite->select(arr...

居家生活智能化让生活更简单

提起物联网,不少市民都觉得有点陌生,甚至很遥远。不过,记者昨天从第十届温州信息技术及产品博览会上了解到,物联网其实离市民的生活很近。在温州,已有一些市民开始尝鲜物联网带来的智能生活。好消息是,享受这些...
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:深度学习:神经网络中的前向传播和反向传播算法推导
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)