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谷歌Volley网络框架分析。(四)缓存机制

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1.缓存使用前提:

服务器必须支持,缓存,配置Cache-Control等头信息,因为Volley需要从这些头信息判断缓存是否已经过期。如果已经过期Volley将会重新从网络获取数据。

    Request.setShouldCache(true)将开启缓存。


2.缓存流程:

下面这张图很好的解释了使用缓存的相关流程:  

         

1.如果Request设置Request.setShouldCache(true),RequestQueue则将会把Request添加到的缓存数据获取队列中(PriorityBlockingQueue<Request> mCacheQueue),将由CacheDispatcher(缓存调度)处理此Request。

相关代码:

 public Request add(Request request) {
        // Tag the request as belonging to this queue and add it to the set of current requests.
        request.setRequestQueue(this);
        synchronized (mCurrentRequests) {
            mCurrentRequests.add(request);
        }

        // Process requests in the order they are added.
        request.setSequence(getSequenceNumber());
        request.addMarker("add-to-queue");

        // If the request is uncacheable, skip the cache queue and go straight to the network.
        if (!request.shouldCache()) {//不需要缓存的,则不需要判断是否已经在请求队列当中
            mNetworkQueue.add(request);//添加到mNetworkQueue,将由,NetworkDiapatcher处理,直接请求网,获取数据
            return request;
        }

        // Insert request into stage if there's already a request with the same cache key in flight.
        synchronized (mWaitingRequests) {//需要缓存的,判断是否已经在请求队列当中
            String cacheKey = request.getCacheKey();
            if (mWaitingRequests.containsKey(cacheKey)) {//如果已经在获取缓存队列当中
                // There is already a request in flight. Queue up.
                Queue<Request> stagedRequests = mWaitingRequests.get(cacheKey);
                if (stagedRequests == null) {
                    stagedRequests = new LinkedList<Request>();
                }
                stagedRequests.add(request);
                mWaitingRequests.put(cacheKey, stagedRequests);
                if (VolleyLog.DEBUG) {
                    VolleyLog.v("Request for cacheKey=%s is in flight, putting on hold.", cacheKey);
                }
            } else {
                // Insert 'null' queue for this cacheKey, indicating there is now a request in
                // flight.
                mWaitingRequests.put(cacheKey, null);
                mCacheQueue.add(request);//添加到mNetworkQueue,将由,CacheDiapatcher处理,将判断缓存是否可用。使用缓存数据,或者交给NetworkDiapatcher重新请求网络数据
            }
            return request;
        }
    }


2.缓存调度CacheDispatcher将会从本地判断缓存是否可用,如果本地缓存没有,或则已经过期,CacheDispatcher会将Request提交给NetworkDispatcher处理。


3.在本地有缓存,并且本地判断没有过期情况下。NetworkDispatcher会将本地缓存信息提交到服务器,CacheDispatcher将会再次校验本地缓存是否需要刷新。需要刷新 将会再次请求服务器。不需要刷新 直接返回数据到User.

@Override
    public void run() {
        if (DEBUG) VolleyLog.v("start new dispatcher");
        Process.setThreadPriority(Process.THREAD_PRIORITY_BACKGROUND);

        // Make a blocking call to initialize the cache.
        mCache.initialize();

        while (true) {
            try {
                // Get a request from the cache triage queue, blocking until
                // at least one is available.
                final Request request = mCacheQueue.take();
                request.addMarker("cache-queue-take");

                // If the request has been canceled, don't bother dispatching it.
                if (request.isCanceled()) {
                    request.finish("cache-discard-canceled");
                    continue;
                }

                // Attempt to retrieve this item from cache.
                //获取本地缓存
                Cache.Entry entry = mCache.get(request.getCacheKey());
                if (entry == null) {//没有缓存,加入请求队列
                    request.addMarker("cache-miss");
                    // Cache miss; send off to the network dispatcher.
                    mNetworkQueue.put(request);
                    continue;
                }

                // If it is completely expired, just send it to the network.
                if (entry.isExpired()) {//本地缓存已经过期,加入请求队列
                    request.addMarker("cache-hit-expired");
                    request.setCacheEntry(entry);
                    mNetworkQueue.put(request);
                    continue;
                }

                // We have a cache hit; parse its data for delivery back to the request.
                request.addMarker("cache-hit");
                Response<?> response = request.parseNetworkResponse(
                        new NetworkResponse(entry.data, entry.responseHeaders));
                request.addMarker("cache-hit-parsed");

                if (!entry.refreshNeeded()) {//根据服务器返回数据判断缓存是否需要刷新
                    // Completely unexpired cache hit. Just deliver the response.
                    mDelivery.postResponse(request, response);
                } else {
                    // Soft-expired cache hit. We can deliver the cached response,
                    // but we need to also send the request to the network for
                    // refreshing.
                    request.addMarker("cache-hit-refresh-needed");
                    request.setCacheEntry(entry);

                    // Mark the response as intermediate.
                    response.intermediate = true;

                    // Post the intermediate response back to the user and have
                    // the delivery then forward the request along to the network.
                    mDelivery.postResponse(request, response, new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            try {
                                mNetworkQueue.put(request);
                            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                                // Not much we can do about this.
                            }
                        }
                    });
                }

            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                // We may have been interrupted because it was time to quit.
                if (mQuit) {
                    return;
                }
                continue;
            }
        }
    }

4.NetworkDispatcher负责将请求到的缓存信息持久化(主要通过调用Cache.put()方法)。

但是这样好像每次都要重新写一下磁盘,DiskBasedCache并没有判断,数据是否一致,而是直接删除老缓存,重新写新的数据。

                if (request.shouldCache() && response.cacheEntry != null) {//NetworkDispatcher.run()
                    mCache.put(request.getCacheKey(), response.cacheEntry);
                    request.addMarker("network-cache-written");
                }


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