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struts2文件上传

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文件上传

       文件上传几乎是每个web应用实现的一个必须模块。文件上传的实现需要将表单元素属性enctype的值设置为multipart/form-data,使表单数据以二进制编码的方式提交。在接收此请求的Servlet中使用二进制流来获取内容,就可以取得上传文件的内容,从而实现文件的上传。

上传原理

在struts2中进行文件上传时,先需要将Form表单的enctype属性进行重新设置,该属性的取值就是决定表单数据的编码方式,有如下三个可选值:
       1)application/x-www-form-urlencoded.这是默认的编码方式。只处理表单域里的value属性值,采用这种编码方式的表单会将表单域的值处理成URL编码方式。
       2)multipart/form-data.这种编码方式的表单会以二进制流的方式来处理表单数据,将文件域指定文件的内容也封装到请求参数中。
       3)text/plain.当表单的action属性值为mailto:URL的形式时,这种编码方式比较方便,它主要适用于直接通过表单发送邮件。

  文件上传实例

实体类:
  
public class User {
      private String name;//姓名
      private String photo;//照片
      private int age;//年龄
      private int sex;//性别
      private String icard;//身份证号
      private String phone;//联系电话
      private String address;//联系地址
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public String getPhoto() {
		return photo;
	}
	public void setPhoto(String photo) {
		this.photo = photo;
	}
	public int getAge() {
		return age;
	}
	public void setAge(int age) {
		this.age = age;
	}
	public int getSex() {
		return sex;
	}
	public void setSex(int sex) {
		this.sex = sex;
	}
	
	public String getIcard() {
		return icard;
	}
	public void setIcard(String icard) {
		this.icard = icard;
	}
	public String getPhone() {
		return phone;
	}
	public void setPhone(String phone) {
		this.phone = phone;
	}
	public String getAddress() {
		return address;
	}
	public void setAddress(String address) {
		this.address = address;
	}
      
}
Action类:
public class UserAction extends ActionSupport {
	private static final int BUFFER_SIZE = 40 * 40;
	private File upload;// 封装上传文件域的
	private String uploadContentType;// 封装上传文件的类型
	private String uploadFileName;// 封装上传文件名
	private String savePath;// 封装上传文件的保存路径
	private User user;// 创建User类对象user

	public File getUpload() {
		return upload;
	}

	public void setUpload(File upload) {
		this.upload = upload;
	}

	public String getUploadContentType() {
		return uploadContentType;
	}

	public void setUploadContentType(String uploadContentType) {
		this.uploadContentType = uploadContentType;
	}
	public String getUploadFileName() {
		return uploadFileName;
	}

	public void setUploadFileName(String uploadFileName) {
		this.uploadFileName = uploadFileName;
	}

	public String getSavePath() {
		return savePath;
	}

	public void setSavePath(String savePath) {
		this.savePath = savePath;
	}

	public User getUser() {
		return user;
	}

	public void setUser(User user) {
		this.user = user;
	}

	private static void copy(File source, File target) {
		InputStream inputStream = null;// 声明一个输入流
		OutputStream outputStream = null;// 声明一个输出流
		try {
			// 实例化输入流
			inputStream = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(source),
					BUFFER_SIZE);
			outputStream = new BufferedOutputStream(
					new FileOutputStream(target), BUFFER_SIZE);// 实例化输出流
			byte[] buffer = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];// 定义字节数组buffer
			int length = 0;// 定义临时参数对象
			while ((length = inputStream.read(buffer)) > 0) {
				outputStream.write(buffer, 0, length);// 如果上传的文件字节数大于0,将内容以字节形式写入
			}
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} finally {
			if (null != inputStream) {
				try {
					inputStream.close();// 关闭输入流
				} catch (Exception e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			}
			if (null != outputStream) {
				try {
					outputStream.close();// 关闭输出流
				} catch (Exception e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			}
		}
	}

	@Override
	public String execute() throws Exception {
		// 根据服务器的文件保存地址和源文件名创建目录文件全路径
		System.out.println("1" + this.getSavePath());
		System.out.println("2" + this.getUploadFileName());
		System.out.println("3" + this.getUpload());
		System.out.println("4" + this.getTexts());
		System.out.println("5" +this.getUploadContentType());
		System.out.println("6" +ServletActionContext.getServletContext().getContextPath());
		String path = ServletActionContext.getServletContext().getRealPath(
				this.getSavePath())
				+ "//" + this.getUploadFileName();
		System.out.println(path);
		System.out.println("uploadFilename: " + uploadFileName);
		 System.out.println("file: " + upload.getName());
	        System.out.println("file: " + upload.getPath());
		user.setPhoto(this.uploadFileName);// 将上传的文件名称赋值给User类中的photo属性
		File target = new File(path);// 定义目标文件对象
		copy(this.upload, target);// 调用copy方法,实现文件的写入
		return SUCCESS;
	}
}

struts.xml中的配置,
 <action name="user" class="com.mxl.action.UserAction">
     <interceptor-ref name="fileUpload">
     <param name="allowedTypes">
      image/pjpeg,image/x-png,image/gif,image/bmp
     </param>
     <param name="maximumSize">5000</param>
     </interceptor-ref>
     <interceptor-ref name="defaultStack"/>
      <param name="savePath">/upload</param>
      <result>/show_file.jsp</result>
      <result name="input">/index.jsp</result>
     </action>   
上传界面:
 <s:form action="user" namespace="/" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
      <s:textfield name="user.name" label="姓名" size="20"/>
      <s:file name="upload" label="形象" size="20"/>
      <s:textfield name="user.age" label="年龄" size="20"/>
      <s:radio list="#{1:'男',2:'女'}" name="user.sex" listKey="key" listValue="value" value="1" label="性别" cssStype="border:0px;"/>
      <s:textfield name="user.icard" label="身份证号" size="20"/>
      <s:textfield name="user.phone" label="联系电话" size="20"/>
      <s:textfield name="user.address" label="家庭住址" size="20"/>
      <s:submit value="确定录入" align="center"/>
    </s:form>
显示界面:
<table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" border="0" width="100%">
		<tr>
			<td width="300px" align="right">姓名:</td>
			<td width="100px" align="left"><s:property value="user.name" />
			</td>
			<td rowspan="5" align="center"><img
				src="upload/<s:property value="uploadFileName"/>"/><br />您的形象</td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
		    <td width="300px" align="right">年龄:</td>
		    <td><s:property value="user.age"/></td><td></td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
		    <td width="300px" align="right">性别:</td>
		    <td>
		    <s:if test="user.sex==1">
		    男
		    </s:if> 
		    <s:else>
		    女
		    </s:else> 
		    </td><td></td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
		    <td width="300px" align="right">身份证号:</td>
		    <td><s:property value="user.icard"/></td><td></td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
		    <td width="300px" align="right">联系电话:</td>
		    <td><s:property value="user.phone"/></td><td></td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
		    <td width="300px" align="right">家庭住址:</td>
		    <td><s:property value="user.address"/></td><td></td>
		</tr>
	</table>
多文件上传实例:
数组实现多文件上传,
Action类,
public class DocArrayAction extends ActionSupport{
        private String name;//上传者
        private File[] upload;//封装上传文件的属性
        private String[] uploadContentType;//封装上传文件的类型
        private String[] uploadFileName;//封装上传文件名
        private String savePath;//封装上传文件保存路径
        private Date createTime;//上传时间
		public String getName() {
			return name;
		}
		public void setName(String name) {
			this.name = name;
		}
		public File[] getUpload() {
			return upload;
		}
		public void setUpload(File[] upload) {
			this.upload = upload;
		}
		public String[] getUploadContentType() {
			return uploadContentType;
		}
		public void setUploadContentType(String[] uploadContentType) {
			this.uploadContentType = uploadContentType;
		}
		public String[] getUploadFileName() {
			return uploadFileName;
		}
		public void setUploadFileName(String[] uploadFileName) {
			this.uploadFileName = uploadFileName;
		}
		public String getSavePath() {
			return savePath;
		}
		public void setSavePath(String savePath) {
			this.savePath = savePath;
		}

		public Date getCreateTime(){//实例化日期
			createTime = new Date();
			return createTime; 
		}
		private static void copy(File source, File target) {
			InputStream inputStream = null;// 声明一个输入流
			OutputStream outputStream = null;// 声明一个输出流
			try {
				// 实例化输入流
				inputStream = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(source));
				outputStream = new BufferedOutputStream(
						new FileOutputStream(target));// 实例化输出流
				byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];// 定义字节数组buffer
				int length = 0;// 定义临时参数对象
				while ((length = inputStream.read(buffer)) > 0) {
					outputStream.write(buffer, 0, length);// 如果上传的文件字节数大于0,将内容以字节形式写入
				}
			} catch (Exception e) {
				// TODO Auto-generated catch block
				e.printStackTrace();
			} finally {
				if (null != inputStream) {
					try {
						inputStream.close();// 关闭输入流
					} catch (Exception e) {
						// TODO Auto-generated catch block
						e.printStackTrace();
					}
				}
				if (null != outputStream) {
					try {
						outputStream.close();// 关闭输出流
					} catch (Exception e) {
						// TODO Auto-generated catch block
						e.printStackTrace();
					}
				}
			}
		}
		@Override
		public String execute() throws Exception {
            for(int i = 0; i < upload.length; i++){
            	String path = ServletActionContext.getServletContext().getRealPath(
        				this.getSavePath())
        				+ "//" + this.uploadFileName[i];
            	File target = new File(path);// 定义目标文件对象
        		copy(this.upload[i], target);// 调用copy方法,实现文件的写入
            }
			return SUCCESS;
		}
}

配置:
<action name="doc" class="com.mxl.action.DocArrayAction">
     <interceptor-ref name="fileUpload">
         <param name="maximumSize">50000</param>
     </interceptor-ref>
     <interceptor-ref name="defaultStack"/>
     <param name="savePath">/upload</param>
     <result>/show_doc.jsp</result>
     <result name="input">/input_doc.jsp</result>
   </action>

上传界面:
 <s:form action="doc" namespace="/" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
     <s:textfield name="name" label="姓名" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:submit value="确定上传" align="center"/>
     </s:form>
上传成功界面:
 <font style="font-size:12px; color:red">上传者<s:property value="name"/></font>
    <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0">
      <tr>
      <th>文件名称</th>
      <th>上传时间</th>
      </tr>
      <s:iterator value="uploadFileName" status="st">
      <tr>
       <td><s:property value="uploadFileName[#st.getIndex()]"/></td>
       <td><s:date name="createTime" format="yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"/></td>
      </tr>
      </s:iterator>
    </table>
List实现多文件上传:
Action类:
public class DocListAction extends ActionSupport{
           private String name;
           private List<File> upload;
           private List<String> uploadContentType;
           private List<String> uploadFileName;
           private String savePath;
           private Date createTime;
		public String getName() {
			return name;
		}
		public void setName(String name) {
			this.name = name;
		}
		public List<File> getUpload() {
			return upload;
		}
		public void setUpload(List<File> upload) {
			this.upload = upload;
		}
		public List<String> getUploadContentType() {
			return uploadContentType;
		}
		public void setUploadContentType(List<String> uploadContentType) {
			this.uploadContentType = uploadContentType;
		}
		public List<String> getUploadFileName() {
			return uploadFileName;
		}
		public void setUploadFileName(List<String> uploadFileName) {
			this.uploadFileName = uploadFileName;
		}
		public String getSavePath() {
			return savePath;
		}
		public void setSavePath(String savePath) {
			this.savePath = savePath;
		}
           public Date getCreateTime(){
        	   createTime = new Date();
        	   return createTime;
           }
           public void setCreateTime(Date createTime){
        	   this.createTime = createTime;
           }
           private static void copy(File source, File target) {
       		InputStream inputStream = null;// 声明一个输入流
       		OutputStream outputStream = null;// 声明一个输出流
       		try {
       			// 实例化输入流
       			inputStream = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(source));
       			outputStream = new BufferedOutputStream(
       					new FileOutputStream(target));// 实例化输出流
       			byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];// 定义字节数组buffer
       			int length = 0;// 定义临时参数对象
       			while ((length = inputStream.read(buffer)) > 0) {
       				outputStream.write(buffer, 0, length);// 如果上传的文件字节数大于0,将内容以字节形式写入
       			}
       		} catch (Exception e) {
       			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
       			e.printStackTrace();
       		} finally {
       			if (null != inputStream) {
       				try {
       					inputStream.close();// 关闭输入流
       				} catch (Exception e) {
       					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
       					e.printStackTrace();
       				}
       			}
       			if (null != outputStream) {
       				try {
       					outputStream.close();// 关闭输出流
       				} catch (Exception e) {
       					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
       					e.printStackTrace();
       				}
       			}
       		}
       	}
           @Override
   		public String execute() throws Exception {
               for(int i = 0; i < upload.size(); i++){
               	String path = ServletActionContext.getServletContext().getRealPath(
           				this.getSavePath())
           				+ "//" + this.uploadFileName.get(i);
               	File target = new File(path);// 定义目标文件对象
           		copy(this.upload.get(i), target);// 调用copy方法,实现文件的写入
               }
   			return SUCCESS;
   		}
}
配置:
  <action name="docList" class="com.mxl.action.DocListAction">
     <interceptor-ref name="fileUpload">
         <param name="maximumSize">50000</param>
     </interceptor-ref>
     <interceptor-ref name="defaultStack"/>
     <param name="savePath">/upload</param>
     <result>/show_docList.jsp</result>
     <result name="input">/input_docList.jsp</result>
   </action>

上传界面:
<s:form action="docList" namespace="/" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
     <s:textfield name="name" label="姓名" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:file name="upload" label="选择文档" size="20"/>
     <s:submit value="确定上传" align="center"/>
     </s:form>

成功界面:
  <font style="font-size:12px; color:red">上传者<s:property value="name"/></font>
    <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0">
      <tr>
      <th>文件名称</th>
      <th>上传时间</th>
      </tr>
      <s:iterator value="uploadFileName" status="st" var="doc">
      <tr>
       <td><a href="downLoad.action?downPath=upload/<s:property value="#doc"/>"><s:property value="#doc"/></a></td>
       <td><s:date name="createTime" format="yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"/></td>
      </tr>
      </s:iterator>
    </table>








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