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ios7新增基础类库以及OC新特性

标签: ios7ios
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新特性:

Modules:用XCode5新建工程默认支持modules编译,老项目需在Build Settings里查找modules,找到的Enable Modules选项设置为YES。

对应新增语法:@import,导入系统头文件,例如:@import MapKit;  或者库的部分头文件:@import UIKit.UIView;

优点:不需要再在Build Phases里的Link Binary With Libraries添加系统framework文件;缺点:不支持自定义或第三方库


新返回类型:instancetype,用在构造函数返回类型上,建议以前用id作为返回类型的都改成instancetype。

好处:有更严格的编译类型检查,便于编译时即可发现潜在的问题;


NSArray:新增函数: - (id)firstObject; 但只要ios4以上都可以用

NSData:新增Base64编码,相应的函数有:

- (id)initWithBase64EncodedString:(NSString *)base64String 
      options:(NSDataBase64DecodingOptions)options;
 
- (NSString *)base64EncodedStringWithOptions:
      (NSDataBase64EncodingOptions)options;
 
- (id)initWithBase64EncodedData:(NSData *)base64Data 
      options:(NSDataBase64DecodingOptions)options;
 
- (NSData *)base64EncodedDataWithOptions:
      (NSDataBase64EncodingOptions)options;


NSTimer:新增函数:

- (NSTimeInterval)tolerance;
- (void)setTolerance:(NSTimeInterval)tolerance;

设置tolerance对于启动若干个fireDate相近的NSTimer有用,节省CPU唤醒时间


NSCharacterSet新增函数:

  • + (id)URLUserAllowedCharacterSet
  • + (id)URLPasswordAllowedCharacterSet
  • + (id)URLHostAllowedCharacterSet
  • + (id)URLPathAllowedCharacterSet
  • + (id)URLQueryAllowedCharacterSet
  • + (id)URLFragmentAllowedCharacterSet


新增类:

NSProgress:进度通知类


NSURLComponents:可把其视作NSMutableURL,例子:

NSURLComponents *components = [NSURLComponents componentsWithString:@"http://nshipster.com"];
components.path = @"/iOS7";
components.query = @"foo=bar";

NSLog(@"%@", components.scheme); // @"http"
NSLog(@"%@", [components URL]); // @"http://nshipster.com/iOS7?foo=bar"

CIDetectorSmile & CIDetectorEyeBlink:图像微笑和眨眼识别,例子:

CIDetector *smileDetector = [CIDetector detectorOfType:CIDetectorTypeFace
                                context:context 
                                options:@{CIDetectorTracking: @YES, 
                                          CIDetectorAccuracy: CIDetectorAccuracyLow}];
NSArray *features = [smileDetector featuresInImage:image options:@{CIDetectorSmile:@YES}];
if (([features count] > 0) && (((CIFaceFeature *)features[0]).hasSmile)) {
    UIImageWriteToSavedPhotosAlbum(image, self, @selector(didFinishWritingImage), features);
} else {
    self.label.text = @"Say Cheese!"
}

AVCaptureMetaDataOutput:支持二维码及其他类型码识别,例子:

AVCaptureSession *session = [[AVCaptureSession alloc] init];
AVCaptureDevice *device = [AVCaptureDevice defaultDeviceWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo];
NSError *error = nil;

AVCaptureDeviceInput *input = [AVCaptureDeviceInput deviceInputWithDevice:device
                                                                    error:&error];
if (input) {
    [session addInput:input];
} else {
    NSLog(@"Error: %@", error);
}

AVCaptureMetadataOutput *output = [[AVCaptureMetadataOutput alloc] init];
[output setMetadataObjectTypes:@[AVMetadataObjectTypeQRCode]];
[output setMetadataObjectsDelegate:self queue:dispatch_get_main_queue()];
[session addOutput:output];

[session startRunning];

#pragma mark - AVCaptureMetadataOutputObjectsDelegate

- (void)captureOutput:(AVCaptureOutput *)captureOutput
didOutputMetadataObjects:(NSArray *)metadataObjects
       fromConnection:(AVCaptureConnection *)connection
{
    NSString *QRCode = nil;
    for (AVMetadataObject *metadata in metadataObjects) {
        if ([metadata.type isEqualToString:AVMetadataObjectTypeQRCode]) {
            // This will never happen; nobody has ever scanned a QR code... ever
            QRCode = [(AVMetadataMachineReadableCodeObject *)metadata stringValue];
            break;
        }
    }

    NSLog(@"QR Code: %@", QRCode);
}

SSReadingList:添加URL到safari阅读列表中,例子:

NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://nshipster.com/ios7"];
[[SSReadingList defaultReadingList] addReadingListItemWithURL:URL
                                                        title:@"NSHipster"
                                                  previewText:@"..." 
                                                        error:nil];

AVSpeechSynthesizer:文本转语音,例子:

AVSpeechSynthesizer *synthesizer = [[AVSpeechSynthesizer alloc] init];
AVSpeechUtterance *utterance = [AVSpeechUtterance speechUtteranceWithString:@"Just what do you think you're doing, Dave?"];
utterance.rate = AVSpeechUtteranceMinimumSpeechRate; // Tell it to me slowly
[synthesizer speakUtterance:utterance];

MKDistanceFormatter:距离格式化为本地文本,例子:

CLLocation *sanFrancisco = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:37.775 longitude:-122.4183333];
CLLocation *portland = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:45.5236111 longitude:-122.675];
CLLocationDistance distance = [portland distanceFromLocation:sanFrancisco];

MKDistanceFormatter *formatter = [[MKDistanceFormatter alloc] init];
formatter.units = MKDistanceFormatterUnitsImperial;
NSLog(@"%@", [formatter stringFromDistance:distance]); // 535 miles


参考网址:http://nshipster.com/ios7/

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