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利用Api读写外部存储卡数据

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public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    private EditText et_name;
	private EditText et_pass;

	@Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        
        et_name = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_name);
    	et_pass = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_pass);
    	
        readAccount();
        
    }

    public void readAccount(){
    	if(Environment.getExternalStorageState().equals(Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED)){
	    	File file = new File("sdcard/info.txt");
	    	if(file.exists()){
		    	try {
					FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(file);
					//把字节流转换成字符流
					BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(fis));
					//读取txt文件里的用户名和密码
					String text = br.readLine();
					String[] s = text.split("##");
					
			    	et_name.setText(s[0]);
			    	et_pass.setText(s[1]);
				} catch (Exception e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
	    	}
    	}
    }

    public void login(View v){
    	
    	String name = et_name.getText().toString();
    	String pass = et_pass.getText().toString();
    	
    	CheckBox cb = (CheckBox) findViewById(R.id.cb);
    	//判断选框是否被勾选
    	if(cb.isChecked()){
    		//MEDIA_UNKNOWN:不能识别sd卡
    		//MEDIA_REMOVED:没有sd卡
    		//MEDIA_UNMOUNTED:sd卡存在但是没有挂载
    		//MEDIA_CHECKING:sd卡正在准备
    		//MEDIA_MOUNTED:sd卡已经挂载,可用
    		if(Environment.getExternalStorageState().equals(Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED)){
    		
	    		//返回一个File对象,其路径是sd卡的真实路径 
	    		File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), "info.txt");
	//    		File file = new File("sdcard/info.txt");
	    		FileOutputStream fos;
				try {
					fos = new FileOutputStream(file);
					fos.write((name + "##" + pass).getBytes());
					fos.close();
				} catch (Exception e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
    		}
    		else{
    			Toast.makeText(this, "sd卡不可用哟亲么么哒", 0).show();
    		}
    	}
    	
    	//创建并显示吐司对话框
    	Toast.makeText(this, "登录成功", 0).show();
    }
    
}

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