Linux设备驱动学习(2) 全局内存“设备” scull

原创 2012年03月27日 14:30:24

这次分析的是LDD3中的第一个程序scull

scull设备也是一个内存”设备“

结构图如下,来自LDD3



/*
 * Representation of scull quantum sets.
 */
struct scull_qset {
        void **data;//指针的指针,(*data)是一个指针变量,指示一片内存空间,这片内存中间内存储的也是地址
        struct scull_qset *next;
};

struct scull_dev {
        struct scull_qset *data;  /* Pointer to first quantum set *///第一个scull_qset的地址
        int quantum;              /* the current quantum size *///每一个数据块的大小
        int qset;                 /* the current array size *///每个scull_qset包含多少个指针
        unsigned long size;       /* amount of data stored here *///设备中有多少可用的数据内存,也就是Quantum中的内存数据。
        unsigned int access_key;  /* used by sculluid and scullpriv */
        struct semaphore sem;     /* mutual exclusion semaphore     *///信号量
        struct cdev cdev;         /* Char device structure              *///字符设备结构
};



//主程序
/*
 * main.c -- the bare scull char module
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2001 Alessandro Rubini and Jonathan Corbet
 * Copyright (C) 2001 O'Reilly & Associates
 *
 * The source code in this file can be freely used, adapted,
 * and redistributed in source or binary form, so long as an
 * acknowledgment appears in derived source files.  The citation
 * should list that the code comes from the book "Linux Device
 * Drivers" by Alessandro Rubini and Jonathan Corbet, published
 * by O'Reilly & Associates.   No warranty is attached;
 * we cannot take responsibility for errors or fitness for use.
 *
 */

#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/init.h>

#include <linux/kernel.h>	/* printk() */
#include <linux/slab.h>		/* kmalloc() */
#include <linux/fs.h>		/* everything... */
#include <linux/errno.h>	/* error codes */
#include <linux/types.h>	/* size_t */
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>	/* O_ACCMODE */
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>

#include <asm/system.h>		/* cli(), *_flags */
#include <asm/uaccess.h>	/* copy_*_user */

#include "scull.h"		/* local definitions */

/*
 * Our parameters which can be set at load time.
 */

int scull_major =   SCULL_MAJOR;
int scull_minor =   0;
int scull_nr_devs = SCULL_NR_DEVS;	/* number of bare scull devices */
int scull_quantum = SCULL_QUANTUM;		//4000
int scull_qset =    SCULL_QSET;			//1000

module_param(scull_major, int, S_IRUGO);
module_param(scull_minor, int, S_IRUGO);
module_param(scull_nr_devs, int, S_IRUGO);
module_param(scull_quantum, int, S_IRUGO);
module_param(scull_qset, int, S_IRUGO);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Alessandro Rubini, Jonathan Corbet");
MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");

struct scull_dev *scull_devices;	/* allocated in scull_init_module */


/*
 * Empty out the scull device; must be called with the device
 * semaphore held.
 *///释放数据结构,最后剩下scull_dev结构
int scull_trim(struct scull_dev *dev)
{
	struct scull_qset *next, *dptr;
	int qset = dev->qset;   /* "dev" is not-null */
	int i;

	for (dptr = dev->data; dptr; dptr = next) { /* all the list items */
		if (dptr->data) {
			for (i = 0; i < qset; i++)//遍历指针数组中的每个元素,释放其所指的空间
				kfree(dptr->data[i]);
			kfree(dptr->data);	//最后释放这个指针数组。
			dptr->data = NULL;	//置空
		}
		next = dptr->next;
		kfree(dptr);			//释放scull_qset结构
	}
	dev->size = 0;				//表示设备拥有的可读写的数据内存
	dev->quantum = scull_quantum;		//重置各个参数
	dev->qset = scull_qset;
	dev->data = NULL;
	return 0;
}
#ifdef SCULL_DEBUG /* use proc only if debugging */
/*
 * The proc filesystem: function to read and entry
 */

int scull_read_procmem(char *buf, char **start, off_t offset,
                   int count, int *eof, void *data)
{
	int i, j, len = 0;
	int limit = count - 80; /* Don't print more than this */

	for (i = 0; i < scull_nr_devs && len <= limit; i++) {
		struct scull_dev *d = &scull_devices[i];
		struct scull_qset *qs = d->data;
		if (down_interruptible(&d->sem))
			return -ERESTARTSYS;
		len += sprintf(buf+len,"\nDevice %i: qset %i, q %i, sz %li\n",
				i, d->qset, d->quantum, d->size);
		for (; qs && len <= limit; qs = qs->next) { /* scan the list */
			len += sprintf(buf + len, "  item at %p, qset at %p\n",
					qs, qs->data);
			if (qs->data && !qs->next) /* dump only the last item */
				for (j = 0; j < d->qset; j++) {
					if (qs->data[j])
						len += sprintf(buf + len,
								"    % 4i: %8p\n",
								j, qs->data[j]);
				}
		}
		up(&scull_devices[i].sem);
	}
	*eof = 1;
	return len;
}


/*
 * For now, the seq_file implementation will exist in parallel.  The
 * older read_procmem function should maybe go away, though.
 */

/*
 * Here are our sequence iteration methods.  Our "position" is
 * simply the device number.
 */
static void *scull_seq_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos)
{
	if (*pos >= scull_nr_devs)
		return NULL;   /* No more to read */
	return scull_devices + *pos;
}

static void *scull_seq_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
	(*pos)++;
	if (*pos >= scull_nr_devs)
		return NULL;
	return scull_devices + *pos;
}

static void scull_seq_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
{
	/* Actually, there's nothing to do here */
}

static int scull_seq_show(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
{
	struct scull_dev *dev = (struct scull_dev *) v;
	struct scull_qset *d;
	int i;

	if (down_interruptible(&dev->sem))
		return -ERESTARTSYS;
	seq_printf(s, "\nDevice %i: qset %i, q %i, sz %li\n",
			(int) (dev - scull_devices), dev->qset,
			dev->quantum, dev->size);
	for (d = dev->data; d; d = d->next) { /* scan the list */
		seq_printf(s, "  item at %p, qset at %p\n", d, d->data);
		if (d->data && !d->next) /* dump only the last item */
			for (i = 0; i < dev->qset; i++) {
				if (d->data[i])
					seq_printf(s, "    % 4i: %8p\n",
							i, d->data[i]);
			}
	}
	up(&dev->sem);
	return 0;
}
	
/*
 * Tie the sequence operators up.
 */
static struct seq_operations scull_seq_ops = {
	.start = scull_seq_start,
	.next  = scull_seq_next,
	.stop  = scull_seq_stop,
	.show  = scull_seq_show
};

/*
 * Now to implement the /proc file we need only make an open
 * method which sets up the sequence operators.
 */
static int scull_proc_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return seq_open(file, &scull_seq_ops);
}

/*
 * Create a set of file operations for our proc file.
 */
static struct file_operations scull_proc_ops = {
	.owner   = THIS_MODULE,
	.open    = scull_proc_open,
	.read    = seq_read,
	.llseek  = seq_lseek,
	.release = seq_release
};
	

/*
 * Actually create (and remove) the /proc file(s).
 */

static void scull_create_proc(void)
{
	struct proc_dir_entry *entry;
	create_proc_read_entry("scullmem", 0 /* default mode */,
			NULL /* parent dir */, scull_read_procmem,
			NULL /* client data */);
	entry = create_proc_entry("scullseq", 0, NULL);//create a read-only file in /proc
	if (entry)
		entry->proc_fops = &scull_proc_ops;//关联文件和对应的文件操作函数集
}

static void scull_remove_proc(void)
{
	/* no problem if it was not registered */
	remove_proc_entry("scullmem", NULL /* parent dir */);
	remove_proc_entry("scullseq", NULL);
}


#endif /* SCULL_DEBUG */





/*
 * Open and close
 */

int scull_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
	struct scull_dev *dev; /* device information */

	dev = container_of(inode->i_cdev, struct scull_dev, cdev);//经典的一个宏,cdev是scull_dev中的一个成员,现在有cdev的指针inode->i_cdev得到scull_dev的指针
	filp->private_data = dev; /* for other methods */

	/* now trim to 0 the length of the device if open was write-only */
	if ( (filp->f_flags & O_ACCMODE) == O_WRONLY) {
		if (down_interruptible(&dev->sem))		//清空前先得到信号量
			return -ERESTARTSYS;
		scull_trim(dev); /* ignore errors */
		up(&dev->sem);					//清空后释放信号量
	}
	return 0;          /* success */
}

int scull_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
	return 0;
}
/*
 * Follow the list
 */					//得到第n个scull_qset的结构体指针(从0开始)
struct scull_qset *scull_follow(struct scull_dev *dev, int n)
{
	struct scull_qset *qs = dev->data;

        /* Allocate first qset explicitly if need be */
	if (! qs) {//为第一个scull_qset分配空间
		qs = dev->data = kmalloc(sizeof(struct scull_qset), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (qs == NULL)
			return NULL;  /* Never mind */
		memset(qs, 0, sizeof(struct scull_qset));
	}

	/* Then follow the list */
	while (n--) {
		if (!qs->next) {
			qs->next = kmalloc(sizeof(struct scull_qset), GFP_KERNEL);
			if (qs->next == NULL)
				return NULL;  /* Never mind */
			memset(qs->next, 0, sizeof(struct scull_qset));
		}
		qs = qs->next;
		continue;
	}
	return qs;
}

/*
 * Data management: read and write
 */

ssize_t scull_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buf, size_t count,
                loff_t *f_pos)
{
	struct scull_dev *dev = filp->private_data; //先得到设备的指针
	struct scull_qset *dptr;	/* the first listitem */
	int quantum = dev->quantum, qset = dev->qset;
	int itemsize = quantum * qset; /* how many bytes in the listitem *///在一个scull_qset中总共有itemsize个字节可使用。
	int item, s_pos, q_pos, rest;
	ssize_t retval = 0;

	if (down_interruptible(&dev->sem))
		return -ERESTARTSYS;
	if (*f_pos >= dev->size)	//*f_pos表示已读的字节数
		goto out;
	if (*f_pos + count > dev->size)
		count = dev->size - *f_pos;

	/* find listitem, qset index, and offset in the quantum *///这里举个例子比较好,比如*f_pos为4000*1000+4000*500+100
	item = (long)*f_pos / itemsize;	//找到是第几个scull_qset结构(从第0个开始),例子里就是1了
	rest = (long)*f_pos % itemsize; //找到在1000个指针数组中指向的数据块中的偏移(从第0个开始),例子里就是4000*500+100
	s_pos = rest / quantum; q_pos = rest % quantum;//q_pos找到在这块4000B的空间里的偏移(0~3999)
	//s_pos找到是在第几个指针指向的数据块中,(从0开始)
	/* follow the list up to the right position (defined elsewhere) */
	dptr = scull_follow(dev, item);//找到第item个scull_qset结构,(从第0个开始)

	if (dptr == NULL || !dptr->data || ! dptr->data[s_pos])
		goto out; /* don't fill holes */

	/* read only up to the end of this quantum */
	if (count > quantum - q_pos)	//最多只读完这个数据块4000B
		count = quantum - q_pos;

	if (copy_to_user(buf, dptr->data[s_pos] + q_pos, count)) {
		retval = -EFAULT;
		goto out;
	}
	*f_pos += count;
	retval = count;

  out:
	up(&dev->sem);		//释放信号量
	return retval;
}

ssize_t scull_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buf, size_t count,
                loff_t *f_pos)
{
	struct scull_dev *dev = filp->private_data;
	struct scull_qset *dptr;
	int quantum = dev->quantum, qset = dev->qset;
	int itemsize = quantum * qset;
	int item, s_pos, q_pos, rest;
	ssize_t retval = -ENOMEM; /* value used in "goto out" statements */

	if (down_interruptible(&dev->sem))
		return -ERESTARTSYS;

	/* find listitem, qset index and offset in the quantum *///写和读类似
	item = (long)*f_pos / itemsize;
	rest = (long)*f_pos % itemsize;
	s_pos = rest / quantum; q_pos = rest % quantum;

	/* follow the list up to the right position */
	dptr = scull_follow(dev, item);
	if (dptr == NULL)
		goto out;
	if (!dptr->data) {
		dptr->data = kmalloc(qset * sizeof(char *), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!dptr->data)
			goto out;
		memset(dptr->data, 0, qset * sizeof(char *));
	}
	if (!dptr->data[s_pos]) {
		dptr->data[s_pos] = kmalloc(quantum, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!dptr->data[s_pos])
			goto out;
	}
	/* write only up to the end of this quantum */
	if (count > quantum - q_pos)
		count = quantum - q_pos;

	if (copy_from_user(dptr->data[s_pos]+q_pos, buf, count)) {
		retval = -EFAULT;
		goto out;
	}
	*f_pos += count;
	retval = count;

        /* update the size */
	if (dev->size < *f_pos)//更新设备拥有的数据内存
		dev->size = *f_pos;

  out:
	up(&dev->sem);
	return retval;
}

/*
 * The ioctl() implementation
 */

int scull_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp,
                 unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{

	int err = 0, tmp;
	int retval = 0;
    
	/*
	 * extract the type and number bitfields, and don't decode
	 * wrong cmds: return ENOTTY (inappropriate ioctl) before access_ok()
	 */
	if (_IOC_TYPE(cmd) != SCULL_IOC_MAGIC) return -ENOTTY;
	if (_IOC_NR(cmd) > SCULL_IOC_MAXNR) return -ENOTTY;

	/*
	 * the direction is a bitmask, and VERIFY_WRITE catches R/W
	 * transfers. `Type' is user-oriented, while
	 * access_ok is kernel-oriented, so the concept of "read" and
	 * "write" is reversed
	 */
	if (_IOC_DIR(cmd) & _IOC_READ)
		err = !access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, (void __user *)arg, _IOC_SIZE(cmd));
	else if (_IOC_DIR(cmd) & _IOC_WRITE)
		err =  !access_ok(VERIFY_READ, (void __user *)arg, _IOC_SIZE(cmd));
	if (err) return -EFAULT;

	switch(cmd) {

	  case SCULL_IOCRESET:
		scull_quantum = SCULL_QUANTUM;
		scull_qset = SCULL_QSET;
		break;
        
	  case SCULL_IOCSQUANTUM: /* Set: arg points to the value */
		if (! capable (CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		retval = __get_user(scull_quantum, (int __user *)arg);
		break;

	  case SCULL_IOCTQUANTUM: /* Tell: arg is the value */
		if (! capable (CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		scull_quantum = arg;
		break;

	  case SCULL_IOCGQUANTUM: /* Get: arg is pointer to result */
		retval = __put_user(scull_quantum, (int __user *)arg);
		break;

	  case SCULL_IOCQQUANTUM: /* Query: return it (it's positive) */
		return scull_quantum;

	  case SCULL_IOCXQUANTUM: /* eXchange: use arg as pointer */
		if (! capable (CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		tmp = scull_quantum;
		retval = __get_user(scull_quantum, (int __user *)arg);
		if (retval == 0)
			retval = __put_user(tmp, (int __user *)arg);
		break;

	  case SCULL_IOCHQUANTUM: /* sHift: like Tell + Query */
		if (! capable (CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		tmp = scull_quantum;
		scull_quantum = arg;
		return tmp;
        
	  case SCULL_IOCSQSET:
		if (! capable (CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		retval = __get_user(scull_qset, (int __user *)arg);
		break;

	  case SCULL_IOCTQSET:
		if (! capable (CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		scull_qset = arg;
		break;

	  case SCULL_IOCGQSET:
		retval = __put_user(scull_qset, (int __user *)arg);
		break;

	  case SCULL_IOCQQSET:
		return scull_qset;

	  case SCULL_IOCXQSET:
		if (! capable (CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		tmp = scull_qset;
		retval = __get_user(scull_qset, (int __user *)arg);
		if (retval == 0)
			retval = put_user(tmp, (int __user *)arg);
		break;

	  case SCULL_IOCHQSET:
		if (! capable (CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;
		tmp = scull_qset;
		scull_qset = arg;
		return tmp;

        /*
         * The following two change the buffer size for scullpipe.
         * The scullpipe device uses this same ioctl method, just to
         * write less code. Actually, it's the same driver, isn't it?
         */

	  case SCULL_P_IOCTSIZE:
		scull_p_buffer = arg;
		break;

	  case SCULL_P_IOCQSIZE:
		return scull_p_buffer;


	  default:  /* redundant, as cmd was checked against MAXNR */
		return -ENOTTY;
	}
	return retval;

}



/*
 * The "extended" operations -- only seek
 */

loff_t scull_llseek(struct file *filp, loff_t off, int whence)
{
	struct scull_dev *dev = filp->private_data;
	loff_t newpos;

	switch(whence) {
	  case 0: /* SEEK_SET */
		newpos = off;
		break;

	  case 1: /* SEEK_CUR */
		newpos = filp->f_pos + off;
		break;

	  case 2: /* SEEK_END */
		newpos = dev->size + off;
		break;

	  default: /* can't happen */
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (newpos < 0) return -EINVAL;
	filp->f_pos = newpos;
	return newpos;
}



struct file_operations scull_fops = {
	.owner =    THIS_MODULE,
	.llseek =   scull_llseek,
	.read =     scull_read,
	.write =    scull_write,
	.ioctl =    scull_ioctl,
	.open =     scull_open,
	.release =  scull_release,
};

/*
 * Finally, the module stuff
 */

/*
 * The cleanup function is used to handle initialization failures as well.
 * Thefore, it must be careful to work correctly even if some of the items
 * have not been initialized
 */
void scull_cleanup_module(void)
{
	int i;
	dev_t devno = MKDEV(scull_major, scull_minor);

	/* Get rid of our char dev entries */
	if (scull_devices) {
		for (i = 0; i < scull_nr_devs; i++) {
			scull_trim(scull_devices + i);
			cdev_del(&scull_devices[i].cdev);
		}
		kfree(scull_devices);
	}

#ifdef SCULL_DEBUG /* use proc only if debugging */
	scull_remove_proc();
#endif

	/* cleanup_module is never called if registering failed */
	unregister_chrdev_region(devno, scull_nr_devs);

	/* and call the cleanup functions for friend devices */
	scull_p_cleanup();
	scull_access_cleanup();

}


/*
 * Set up the char_dev structure for this device.
 */
static void scull_setup_cdev(struct scull_dev *dev, int index)
{
	int err, devno = MKDEV(scull_major, scull_minor + index);
    
	cdev_init(&dev->cdev, &scull_fops);
	dev->cdev.owner = THIS_MODULE;
	dev->cdev.ops = &scull_fops;
	err = cdev_add (&dev->cdev, devno, 1);
	/* Fail gracefully if need be */
	if (err)
		printk(KERN_NOTICE "Error %d adding scull%d", err, index);
}


int scull_init_module(void)
{
	int result, i;
	dev_t dev = 0;

/*
 * Get a range of minor numbers to work with, asking for a dynamic
 * major unless directed otherwise at load time.
 */
	if (scull_major) {
		dev = MKDEV(scull_major, scull_minor);//静态分配,分配scull_nr_devs个设备号
		result = register_chrdev_region(dev, scull_nr_devs, "scull");
	} else {					//动态分配
		result = alloc_chrdev_region(&dev, scull_minor, scull_nr_devs,
				"scull");
		scull_major = MAJOR(dev);
	}
	if (result < 0) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "scull: can't get major %d\n", scull_major);
		return result;
	}

        /* 
	 * allocate the devices -- we can't have them static, as the number
	 * can be specified at load time
	 */
	scull_devices = kmalloc(scull_nr_devs * sizeof(struct scull_dev), GFP_KERNEL);//为设备结构体分配空间
	if (!scull_devices) {
		result = -ENOMEM;
		goto fail;  /* Make this more graceful */
	}
	memset(scull_devices, 0, scull_nr_devs * sizeof(struct scull_dev));

        /* Initialize each device. */
	for (i = 0; i < scull_nr_devs; i++) {
		scull_devices[i].quantum = scull_quantum;
		scull_devices[i].qset = scull_qset;
		init_MUTEX(&scull_devices[i].sem);     //信号量在模块初始化时便已设置
		scull_setup_cdev(&scull_devices[i], i);//初始化字符设备cdev,次设备号为i
	}

        /* At this point call the init function for any friend device */
	dev = MKDEV(scull_major, scull_minor + scull_nr_devs);//生成后续的总设备号
	dev += scull_p_init(dev);//scull_p_init()返回pipe设备数目
	dev += scull_access_init(dev);

#ifdef SCULL_DEBUG /* only when debugging */
	scull_create_proc();
#endif

	return 0; /* succeed */

  fail:
	scull_cleanup_module();
	return result;
}

module_init(scull_init_module);
module_exit(scull_cleanup_module);

关于对proc文件系统的操作没有深入探查,我会在后面的学习中逐步研究的。


相关文章推荐

Linux设备驱动学习(1) 全局内存空间“设备”驱动程序globalmem

此“设备”是一个在内存中恒久的空间,在模块初始化时便已分配。 使用modinfo查看编译出来的模块信息 $modinfo ./globalmem.ko 将自定义的主设备号作为参数插入到模块中,使...

[linux设备驱动程序]scull字符设备驱动编译在新内核编译问题解决方案

最近在看《LINUX设备驱动程序》,给出的字符设备驱动程序scull,在linux 2.6.32-22内核上make编译时出现了下面的问题:make -C /lib/modules/2.6.32-22...

linux设备驱动开发学习--内存和IO访问

I/O 端口 I/O 内存 把 I/O 端口映射到内存空间 I/O 端口申请 I/O 内存申请 字符设备与块设备 I/O 操作的不同...

Linux设备驱动程式学习(2)-调试技术

今天进入《Linux设备驱动程式(第3版)》第四章调试技术的学习。  一、内核中的调试支持 在前面已建议过:学习编写驱动程式要构建安装自己的内核(标准主线内核)。最重要的原因之一是:内核研发者已建...
  • jeffade
  • jeffade
  • 2012年05月11日 14:46
  • 257

linux设备驱动学习(2) 构造和运行模块

设置测试系统 1.在kernel.org的镜像网站上获得一个“主线”内核。 2.准备好一个内核源代码树。 2.6内核的模块要和内核源代码树中的目标文件链接,通过这种方式,构造一个更加健壮的模块装...
  • EN_wang
  • EN_wang
  • 2011年08月19日 09:43
  • 793

Linux I2C设备驱动学习

一、I2C 简介 1、I2C简介: a)优点:I2C总线仅用两根信号线(SCL、SDA)就实现了设备之间的数据交互,极大简化了对硬件资源和PCB板布线空间的占用; b)用途:EEPROM、实时钟...
  • xmyzlz
  • xmyzlz
  • 2013年02月21日 08:45
  • 980

linux字符设备驱动学习笔记2

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~      ...

linux I2C 设备驱动学习笔记

linux下的驱动思路:内核态驱动和用户态驱动 一是把I2C设备当作一个普通的字符设备来处理,用i2c-dev.c文件提供的API,封装设备时序数据,直接操作i2c适配器驱动对应的设备文件,实现与设...

设备驱动之一 - 基于第三章的组织结构改变的scull驱动

LDD3到第三章的组织结构改变的scull驱动 scull.h文件---驱动头文件 /********************************************** * Author:...
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:Linux设备驱动学习(2) 全局内存“设备” scull
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)