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【三分】Error Curves

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Josephina is a clever girl and addicted to Machine Learning recently. She pays much attention to a method called Linear Discriminant Analysis, which has many interesting properties.

In order to test the algorithm's efficiency, she collects many datasets. What's more, each data is divided into two parts: training data and test data. She gets the parameters of the model on training data and test the model on test data.

To her surprise, she finds each dataset's test error curve is just a parabolic curve. A parabolic curve corresponds to a quadratic function. In mathematics, a quadratic function is a polynomial function of the form f(x) = ax2 + bx + c. The quadratic will degrade to linear function if a = 0.

Quadric Function

It's very easy to calculate the minimal error if there is only one test error curve. However, there are several datasets, which means Josephina will obtain many parabolic curves. Josephina wants to get the tuned parameters that make the best performance on all datasets. So she should take all error curves into account, i.e., she has to deal with many quadric functions and make a new error definition to represent the total error. Now, she focuses on the following new function's minimal which related to multiple quadric functions.

The new function F(x) is defined as follow:

F(x) = max(Si(x)), i = 1...n. The domain of x is [0, 1000]. Si(x) is a quadric function.

Josephina wonders the minimum of F(x). Unfortunately, it's too hard for her to solve this problem. As a super programmer, can you help her?

Input

The input contains multiple test cases. The first line is the number of cases T (T < 100). Each case begins with a number n(n ≤ 10000). Following n lines, each line contains three integers a (0 ≤ a ≤ 100), b (|b| ≤ 5000), c (|c| ≤ 5000), which mean the corresponding coefficients of a quadratic function.

Output

For each test case, output the answer in a line. Round to 4 digits after the decimal point.

Sample Input

2
1
2 0 0
2
2 0 0
2 -4 2

Sample Output

0.0000
0.5000


容易证明,F(x)是下凸函数(也即是一种单峰函数),可以用三分解决。

小心最后是输出函数值而不是x值,还有二分次数可以多一点,二分区间为10^6,才二分二十多次,可以二分100次。


#include <cstdio>

double f(int a,int b,int c,double x)
{
	return x*x*a+x*b+c;
}

int a[10010];
int b[10010];
int c[10010];
int n;

double max(double a,double b)
{
	return a>b?a:b;
}

double F(double x)
{
	double ff = -1e21;
	for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
	{
		ff = max(ff,f(a[i],b[i],c[i],x));
	}
	return ff;
}

int main()
{
	freopen("5009.in","r",stdin);
	freopen("5009.out","w",stdout);

	int T;
	scanf("%d",&T);

	while (T--)
	{
		scanf("%d",&n);
		for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
		{
			scanf("%d%d%d",a+i,b+i,c+i);
		}

		double l = 0;
		double r = 1000;
		for (int i=0;i<100;i++)
		{
			double lm = l+(r-l)/3;
			double rm = r-(r-l)/3;

			double f1 = F(lm);
			double f2 = F(rm);

			if (f1 < f2)
				r = rm;
			else
				l = lm;
		}
		printf("%.4lf\n",F(l));
	}

	return 0;
}


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