String Matching

原创 2013年12月02日 17:49:11
题目1094:String Matching

时间限制:1 秒

内存限制:32 兆

特殊判题:

提交:865

解决:446

题目描述:

    Finding all occurrences of a pattern in a text is a problem that arises frequently in text-editing programs. 
    Typically,the text is a document being edited,and the pattern searched for is a particular word supplied by the user.  
    We assume that the text is an array T[1..n] of length n and that the pattern is an array P[1..m] of length m<=n.We further assume that the elements of P and  T are all alphabets(∑={a,b...,z}).The character arrays P and T are often called strings of characters.  
    We say that pattern P occurs with shift s in the text T if 0<=s<=n and T[s+1..s+m] = P[1..m](that is if T[s+j]=P[j],for 1<=j<=m).  
    If P occurs with shift s in T,then we call s a valid shift;otherwise,we calls a invalid shift. 
    Your task is to calculate the number of vald shifts for the given text T and p attern P.

输入:

   For each case, there are two strings T and P on a line,separated by a single space.You may assume both the length of T and P will not exceed 10^6. 

输出:

    You should output a number on a separate line,which indicates the number of valid shifts for the given text T and pattern P.

样例输入:
abababab abab
样例输出:
3


#include<iostream>
#include<string>
using namespace std;
 
int main()
{
    int i,j,t;
    string s,ss;
    while(cin>>s>>ss)
    {
         j=s.size();
         for(i=t=0;i<j;++t)
         {
             if(s.find(ss,i)!=string::npos) i=s.find(ss,i)+1;
             else break;
         }
         cout<<t<<endl;
    }
    return 0;
}
/**************************************************************
    Problem: 1094
    User: 3011216016
    Language: C++
    Result: Accepted
    Time:170 ms
    Memory:3052 kb
****************************************************************/


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