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第12周 项目二

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/*
*Copyright (c)2016,烟台大学计算机与控制工程学院
*All rights reserved.
*文件名称:main.cpp
*作    者:肖雪
*完成日期:2016年5月31日
*版 本 号:v1.0
*问题描述:实现Time类中的运算符重载

*/


#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
class CTime
{
private:
    unsigned short int hour;
    unsigned short int minute;
    unsigned short int second;
public:
    CTime(int h=0,int m=0,int s=0);
    void setTime(int h,int m,int s);

    friend istream &operator>>(istream &in,CTime &t);
    friend ostream &operator<<(ostream &out,CTime t);

    bool operator > (CTime &t);
    bool operator < (CTime &t);
    bool operator >= (CTime &t);
    bool operator <= (CTime &t);
    bool operator == (CTime &t);
    bool operator != (CTime &t);

    CTime operator+(CTime &c);
    CTime operator-(CTime &c);
    CTime operator+(int s);
    CTime operator-(int s);

    CTime operator++(int);
    CTime &operator++();
    CTime operator--(int);
    CTime &operator--();

    CTime &operator+=(CTime &c);
    CTime &operator-=(CTime &c);
    CTime &operator+=(int s);
    CTime &operator-=(int s);
};


CTime::CTime(int h,int m,int s)
{
    hour=h;
    minute=m;
    second=s;
}

void CTime::setTime(int h,int m,int s)
{
    hour=h;
    minute=m;
    second=s;
}


istream &operator>>(istream &in,CTime &t)
{
    char ch1,ch2;
    while(1)
    {
        cout<<"请输入时间(hh:mm:ss) ";
        cin>>t.hour>>ch1>>t.minute>>ch2>>t.second;
        if (ch1==':' && ch2==':')
            if (t.hour>-1 && t.hour<24 && t.minute>-1 && t.minute<60 && t.second>-1 && t.second<60) break;
        cerr<<"时间格式不正确! 请重新输入\n";
    }
    return cin;
}


ostream &operator<<(ostream &out,CTime t)
{
    out<<t.hour<<':'<<t.minute<<':'<<t.second;
    return out;
}



bool CTime::operator > (CTime &t)
{
    if (hour>t.hour) return true;
    if (hour<t.hour) return false;
    if (minute>t.minute) return true;
    if (minute<t.minute) return false;
    if (second>t.second) return true;
    return false;
}

bool CTime::operator < (CTime &t)
{
    if (hour<t.hour) return true;
    if (hour>t.hour) return false;
    if (minute<t.minute) return true;
    if (minute>t.minute) return false;
    if (second<t.second) return true;
    return false;
}

bool CTime::operator == (CTime &t)
{
    if (*this<t || *this>t) return false;
    return true;
}

bool CTime::operator != (CTime &t)
{
    if (*this==t) return false;
    return true;
}

bool CTime::operator >= (CTime &t)
{
    if (*this<t) return false;
    return true;
}

bool CTime::operator <= (CTime &t)
{
    if (*this>t) return false;
    return true;
}


CTime CTime::operator + (CTime &t)
{

    int h,m,s;
    s=second+t.second;
    m=minute+t.minute;
    h=hour+t.hour;
    if (s>59)
    {
        s-=60;
        m++;
    }
    if (m>59)
    {
        m-=60;
        h++;
    }
    while (h>23) h-=24;
    CTime t0(h,m,s);
    return t0;
}


CTime CTime::operator+(int s)
{
    int ss=s%60;
    int mm=(s/60)%60;
    int hh=s/3600;
    CTime t0(hh,mm,ss);
    return *this+t0;
}


CTime CTime::operator - (CTime &t)
{
    int h,m,s;
    s=second-t.second;
    m=minute-t.minute;
    h=hour-t.hour;
    if (s<0)
    {
        s+=60;
        m--;
    }
    if (m<0)
    {
        m+=60;
        h--;
    }
    while (h<0) h+=24;
    CTime t0(h,m,s);
    return t0;
}

CTime CTime::operator-(int s)
{
    int ss=s%60;
    int mm=(s/60)%60;
    int hh=s/3600;
    CTime t0(hh,mm,ss);
    return *this-t0;
}


CTime CTime::operator++(int)
{
    CTime t=*this;
    *this=*this+1;
    return t;
}

CTime &CTime::operator++()
{
    *this=*this+1;
    return *this;
}

CTime CTime::operator--(int)
{
    CTime t=*this;
    *this=*this-1;
    return t;
}

CTime &CTime::operator--()
{
    *this=*this-1;
    return *this;
}


CTime &CTime::operator+=(CTime &c)
{
    *this=*this+c;
    return *this;
}
CTime &CTime::operator-=(CTime &c)
{
    *this=*this-c;
    return *this;
}
CTime &CTime::operator+=(int s)
{
    *this=*this+s;
    return *this;
}
CTime &CTime::operator-=(int s)
{
    *this=*this-s;
    return *this;
}

int main()
{
    CTime t1,t2,t;

    cout<<"t1为:";
    cin>>t1;
    cout<<"t2为:";
    cin>>t2;
    cout<<"下面比较两个时间大小:\n";
    if (t1>t2) cout<<"t1>t2"<<endl;
    if (t1<t2) cout<<"t1<t2"<<endl;
    if (t1==t2) cout<<"t1=t2"<<endl;
    if (t1!=t2) cout<<"t1≠t2"<<endl;
    if (t1>=t2) cout<<"t1≥t2"<<endl;
    if (t1<=t2) cout<<"t1≤t2"<<endl;
    cout<<endl;
    cout<<"t1= "<<t1<<endl;
    cout<<"t2= "<<t2<<endl;

    cout<<"t=t1++"<<endl;
    t=t1++;
    cout<<"t= "<<t<<"    t1= "<<t1<<endl;

    cout<<"t=++t1"<<endl;
    t=++t1;
    cout<<"t= "<<t<<"    t1= "<<t1<<endl;

    cout<<"t1+t2= "<<t1+t2<<endl;
    cout<<"t1-t2= "<<t1-t2<<endl;
    cout<<"t1+2000= "<<t1+2000<<endl;
    cout<<"t1-5000= "<<t1-5000<<endl;
    return 0;
}



学习心得:重载运算符"+"和"-"实现时间推后和提前若干分钟;

                 重载运算符"++"和"--"实现当前时间推后和提前1小时;

                 重载运算符">"、"<"、"=="来判断两个时间之间大于、小于、等于以及不等于的关系。


                 运算符重载不能改变运算符的逻辑特性




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