关闭

Go语言HTTP测试及程序性能调优

标签: go性能调优go测试
2480人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:
         这篇要讲的东西,主要是HTTP,WebSocket的测试及如何调优Go程序的一些方法.
分下面几个内容:
一.httptest测试包
二.性能测试
三.怎么利用参数分析和调优程序

四.在运行中实时监控调优


一.httptest测试包
对于HTTP和WebSocket测试,Go标准库有一个HTTP测试框架.在"http/httptest"包下. 
go1.5.1\go\src\net\http\httptest 


怎么用可以在源码目录看例子,也可以上官网看看这个例子:
  https://golang.org/src/net/http/request_test.go
里面各种用法还是很全的.

如果想亲自动手试试. https://golang.org/doc/articles/wiki/ 有个很完整的Go Web的例子。
可以搭建起来,再跑一下测试.

比如Post,大致测试程序是这样的:

func TestPost(t *testing.T) {
	req, err := NewRequest("POST", "http://localhost:8080/edit/nn", strings.NewReader("body=xcl"))
	if err != nil {
		t.Errorf("%v", err)
	}
	defer req.Body.Close()
	req.Header.Set("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded; param=value")

	if q := req.FormValue("body"); q != "xcl" {
		t.Errorf(`req.FormValue("body") = %q, want "xcl"`, q)
	} 
}
二.性能测试

   除了传统的AB,有一个Go写的好工具叫boom
   例子:
   boom -n 1000 -c 100 https://google.com
   命令说明:

Usage: boom [options...] <url>

Options:
  -n  Number of requests to run.
  -c  Number of requests to run concurrently. Total number of requests cannot
      be smaller than the concurency level.
  -q  Rate limit, in seconds (QPS).
  -o  Output type. If none provided, a summary is printed.
      "csv" is the only supported alternative. Dumps the response
      metrics in comma-seperated values format.

  -m  HTTP method, one of GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, HEAD, OPTIONS.
  -h  Custom HTTP headers, name1:value1;name2:value2.
  -t  Timeout in ms.
  -A  HTTP Accept header.
  -d  HTTP request body.
  -T  Content-type, defaults to "text/html".
  -a  Basic authentication, username:password.
  -x  HTTP Proxy address as host:port.

  -readall              Consumes the entire request body.
  -allow-insecure       Allow bad/expired TLS/SSL certificates.
  -disable-compression  Disable compression.
  -disable-keepalive    Disable keep-alive, prevents re-use of TCP
                        connections between different HTTP requests.
  -cpus                 Number of used cpu cores.
                        (default for current machine is 1 cores)
  但这个只对HTTP接口之类好使,但像我那种基于WebSocket,使用自定义协议的情况。
还是需要自己定制。
   我目前的做法,客户端测试直接参考boom的源码架构,改成支持WebSocket协议。
并加上指定的自定义协议做业务逻辑模拟,用起来还不错。不过有个地方要注意,如果一下并发
连接太大,WebSocket的TCP连接建立可能会超时,在定制时可以扩大下等待时长.
代码如下:

  //.......
	 client, err := net.DialTimeout("tcp", serverIP, waiteDial*time.Second)
	if err != nil {
		log.Printf("[testConnect] 用户(%s) net.DialTimeout error:%s", userName, err)
		return
	}
	defer client.Close()

	config, _ := websocket.NewConfig(serverAddr, origin)
	ws, err := websocket.NewClient(config, client)
	if err != nil {
		log.Printf("[testConnect] 用户(%s)连接服务器失败! err:%s", userName, err)
		return
	}
   //.......
三.怎么利用参数分析和调优程序
/*
调优程序例子

go build main.go
main.exe -cpuprofile=cpu.pprof
go tool pprof main.exe  cpu.pprof

Author:xcl
Date: 2015-11-22
*/

package main

import (
  "flag"
  "fmt"
  "os"
  "runtime/pprof"
)

var cpuprofile = flag.String("cpuprofile", "", "write cpu profile to file")

func main() {
  flag.Parse()
  if *cpuprofile != "" {
    f, err := os.Create(*cpuprofile)
    if err != nil {
      fmt.Println("Error: ", err)
    }
    pprof.StartCPUProfile(f)
    defer pprof.StopCPUProfile()
  }

  t1()

}

func t1() {
  for i := 0; i < 10000; i++ {
    fmt.Sprintf("%d", i)
  }
}

/*


////////////////////////////////////////////////////

E:\GOtest\testing\testpprof3>go build main.go

E:\GOtest\testing\testpprof3>main.exe -cpuprofile=cpu.pprof

E:\GOtest\testing\testpprof3>dir
 驱动器 E 中的卷是 doc
 卷的序列号是 0E3D-2A1F

 E:\GOtest\testing\testpprof3 的目录

2015/11/22  18:39    <DIR>          .
2015/11/22  18:39    <DIR>          ..
2015/11/22  18:39               168 cpu.pprof
2015/11/22  18:38         2,826,752 main.exe
2015/11/22  18:38             1,604 main.go
               3 个文件      2,828,524 字节
               2 个目录 15,171,936,256 可用字节

E:\GOtest\testing\testpprof3>go tool pprof main.exe  cpu.pprof
Entering interactive mode (type "help" for commands)
(pprof) top10
10ms of 10ms total (  100%)
Showing top 10 nodes out of 11 (cum >= 10ms)
      flat  flat%   sum%        cum   cum%
      10ms   100%   100%       10ms   100%  runtime.memmove
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  fmt.(*fmt).integer
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  fmt.(*fmt).pad
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  fmt.(*pp).doPrintf
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  fmt.(*pp).fmtInt64
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  fmt.(*pp).printArg
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  fmt.Sprintf
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  main.main
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  main.t1
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  runtime.goexit
(pprof)

*/
四.在运行中实时监控调优
  其实这个,可以参考源码下的 net/http/pprof/pprof.go 
/*
调优程序例子

go build main.go

在浏览器边上查看
http://127.0.0.1:7081/debug/pprof/
http://127.0.0.1:7081/debug/pprof/profile

Author:xcl
Date: 2015-11-22
*/

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "net/http/pprof"
  "os"
  "time"
)

func main() {
  go func() {
    if err := StartAdminHttp("127.0.0.1:7081"); err != nil {
      os.Exit(-1)
    }
  }()
  t1()
}

func StartAdminHttp(webaddr string) error {
  adminServeMux := http.NewServeMux()
  adminServeMux.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/", pprof.Index)
  adminServeMux.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/cmdline", pprof.Cmdline)
  adminServeMux.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/profile", pprof.Profile)
  adminServeMux.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/symbol", pprof.Symbol)
  err := http.ListenAndServe(webaddr, adminServeMux)
  if err != nil {
    x := fmt.Sprintf("http.ListenAdServe(\"%s\") failed (%s)", webaddr, err.Error())
    fmt.Println(x)
    return err
  }
  return nil
}

func t1() {
  for i := 0; i < 10000; i++ {
    fmt.Sprintf("%d", i)
    time.Sleep(1 * time.Second)
  }
}
另外一种做法:
  在程序运行中,在命令行窗口,执行"go tool pprof url... "会也成相应的文档.
以profile为例,会等待30s,然后在  \pprof\ 生成相关文档。 然后可使用pprof相关命令来调优。
C:\Users\XCL>go tool pprof http://127.0.0.1:7081/debug/pprof/profile
Fetching profile from http://127.0.0.1:7081/debug/pprof/profile
Please wait... (30s)
Saved profile in \pprof\pprof.127.0.0.1:7081.samples.cpu.001.pb.gz
Entering interactive mode (type "help" for commands)
(pprof)
(pprof)
(pprof) top10
10ms of 10ms total (  100%)
      flat  flat%   sum%        cum   cum%
      10ms   100%   100%       10ms   100%  runtime.runqput
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  runtime.goready.func1
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  runtime.ready
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  runtime.startTheWorldWithSema
         0     0%   100%       10ms   100%  runtime.systemstack
(pprof)

参考文档: 
  https://golang.org/cmd/go/#hdr-Description_of_testing_flags
  http://saml.rilspace.org/profiling-and-creating-call-graphs-for-go-programs-with-go-tool-pprof
  http://www.cnblogs.com/yjf512/archive/2012/12/27/2835331.html



BLOG: http://blog.csdn.net/xcl168






0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:561736次
    • 积分:8007
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第2690名
    • 原创:247篇
    • 转载:1篇
    • 译文:0篇
    • 评论:272条
    链接分享
    最新评论