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smarty section 学习

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{section},{sectionelse}

Template sections are used for looping over arrays of data (just like {foreach}). All {section} tags must be paired with {/section} tags. Required parameters are name and loop. The name of the {section} can be anything you like, made up of letters, numbers and underscores. Sections can be nested, and the nested section names must be unique from each other. The loop variable (usually an array of values) determines the number of times the section will loop. When printing a variable within a section, the section name must be given next to variable name within brackets []. {sectionelse} is executed when there are no values in the loop variable.

 

Attribute Name Type Required Default Description
name string Yes n/a The name of the section
loop mixed Yes n/a Value to determine the number of loop iterations
start integer No 0 The index position that the section will begin looping. If the value is negative, the start position is calculated from the end of the array. For example, if there are seven values in the loop array and start is -2, the start index is 5. Invalid values (values outside of the length of the loop array) are automatically truncated to the closest valid value.
step integer No 1 The step value that will be used to traverse the loop array. For example, step=2 will loop on index 0,2,4, etc. If step is negative, it will step through the array backwards.
max integer No n/a Sets the maximum number of times the section will loop.
show boolean No true determines whether or not to show this section

 

Example 7-19. {section}

<?php

$data 
= array(1000,1001,1002);
$smarty->assign('custid',$data);

?>
{* this example will print out all the values of the $custid array *}
{section name=customer loop=$custid}
  id: {$custid[customer]}<br />
{/section}
<hr />
{*  print out all the values of the $custid array reversed *}
{section name=foo loop=$custid step=-1}
  {$custid[foo]}<br />
{/section}

The above example will output:

id: 1000<br />
id: 1001<br />
id: 1002<br />
<hr />
id: 1002<br />
id: 1001<br />
id: 1000<br />

Another couple of examples without an assigned array.

{section name=foo start=10 loop=20 step=2}
  {$smarty.section.foo.index}
{/section}
<hr />
{section name=bar loop=21 max=6 step=-2}
  {$smarty.section.bar.index}
{/section}

The above example will output:

10 12 14 16 18
<hr />
20 18 16 14 12 10

Example 7-20. {section} loop variable

<?php

$id 
= array(1001,1002,1003);
$smarty->assign('custid',$id);

$fullnames = array('John Smith','Jack Jones','Jane Munson');
$smarty->assign('name',$fullnames);

$addr = array('253 N 45th''417 Mulberry ln''5605 apple st');
$smarty->assign('address',$addr);

?>
{*
  the loop variable only determines the number of times to loop.
  you can access any variable from the template within the section.
  This example assumes that $custid, $name and $address are all
  arrays containing the same number of values
*}
{section name=customer loop=$custid}
<p>
  id: {$custid[customer]}<br />
  name: {$name[customer]}<br />
  address: {$address[customer]}
</p>
{/section}

The above example will output:

<p>
  id: 1000<br />
  name: John Smith<br />
  address: 253 N 45th
</p>
<p>
  id: 1001<br />
  name: Jack Jones<br />
  address: 417 Mulberry ln
</p>
<p>
  id: 1002<br />
  name: Jane Munson<br />
  address: 5605 apple st
</p>

Example 7-21. {section} naming

{*
  the name of the section can be anything you like,
  as it is used to reference the data within the section
*}
{section name=anything loop=$custid}
<p>
  id: {$custid[anything]}<br />
  name: {$name[anything]}<br />
  address: {$address[anything]}
</p>
{/section}

Example 7-22. nested sections

<?php

$id 
= array(1001,1002,1003);
$smarty->assign('custid',$id);

$fullnames = array('John Smith','Jack Jones','Jane Munson');
$smarty->assign('name',$fullnames);

$addr = array('253 N 45th''417 Mulberry ln''5605 apple st');
$smarty->assign('address',$addr);

$types = array(
           array( 
'home phone''cell phone''e-mail'),
           array( 
'home phone''web'),
           array( 
'cell phone')
         );
$smarty->assign('contact_type'$types);

$info = array(
           array(
'555-555-5555''666-555-5555''john@myexample.com'),
           array( 
'123-456-4''www.example.com'),
           array( 
'0457878')
        );
$smarty->assign('contact_info'$info);

?>
{*
  sections can be nested as deep as you like. With nested sections,
  you can access complex data structures, such as multi-dimensional
  arrays. In this example, $contact_type[customer] is an array of
  contact types for the current customer.
*}
{section name=customer loop=$custid}
<hr>
  id: {$custid[customer]}<br />
  name: {$name[customer]}<br />
  address: {$address[customer]}<br />
  {section name=contact loop=$contact_type[customer]}
    {$contact_type[customer][contact]}: {$contact_info[customer][contact]}<br />
  {/section}
{/section}

The above example will output:

<hr>
  id: 1000<br />
  name: John Smith<br />
  address: 253 N 45th<br />
    home phone: 555-555-5555<br />
    cell phone: 666-555-5555<br />
    e-mail: john@myexample.com<br />
<hr>
  id: 1001<br />
  name: Jack Jones<br />
  address: 417 Mulberry ln<br />
    home phone: 123-456-4<br />
    web: www.example.com<br />
<hr>
  id: 1002<br />
  name: Jane Munson<br />
  address: 5605 apple st<br />
    cell phone: 0457878<br />

Example 7-23. sections and associative arrays

<?php

$data 
= array(
          array(
'name' => 'John Smith''home' => '555-555-5555',
                
'cell' => '666-555-5555''email' => 'john@myexample.com'),
          array(
'name' => 'Jack Jones''home' => '777-555-5555',
                
'cell' => '888-555-5555''email' => 'jack@myexample.com'),
          array(
'name' => 'Jane Munson''home' => '000-555-5555',
                
'cell' => '123456''email' => 'jane@myexample.com')
        );
$smarty->assign('contacts',$data);

?>
{*
   This is an example of printing an associative array
   of data within a section
*}
{section name=customer loop=$contacts}
<p>
  name: {$contacts[customer].name}<br />
  home: {$contacts[customer].home}<br />
  cell: {$contacts[customer].cell}<br />
  e-mail: {$contacts[customer].email}
</p>
{/section}

The above example will output:

<p>
  name: John Smith<br />
  home: 555-555-5555<br />
  cell: 666-555-5555<br />
  e-mail: john@myexample.com
</p>
<p>
  name: Jack Jones<br />
  home phone: 777-555-5555<br />
  cell phone: 888-555-5555<br />
  e-mail: jack@myexample.com
</p>
<p>
  name: Jane Munson<br />
  home phone: 000-555-5555<br />
  cell phone: 123456<br />
  e-mail: jane@myexample.com
</p>

Database example (eg using Pear or Adodb)

<?php

$sql 
'select id, name, home, cell, email from contacts';
$smarty->assign('contacts',$db->getAll($sql) );

?>
{*
   output database result in a table
*}
<table>
<tr><th>&nbsp;</th><th>Name></th><th>Home</th><th>Cell</th><th>Email</th></tr>
{section name=co loop=$contacts}
  <tr>
    <td><a href="view.php?id={$contacts[co].id}">view<a></td>
    <td>{$contacts[co].name}</td>
    <td>{$contacts[co].home}</td>
    <td>{$contacts[co].cell}</td>
    <td>{$contacts[co].email}</td>
  <tr>
{/section}
</table>

Example 7-24. {sectionelse}

{* sectionelse will execute if there are no $custid values *}
{section name=customer loop=$custid}
  id: {$custid[customer]}<br />
{sectionelse}
  there are no values in $custid.
{/section}

Sections also have their own variables that handle section properties. These are indicated like so: {$smarty.section.sectionname.varname}

Note: As of Smarty 1.5.0, the syntax for section property variables has changed from {%sectionname.varname%} to {$smarty.section.sectionname.varname}. The old syntax is still supported, but you will only see examples of the new syntax.

index

index is used to display the current array index, starting with zero (or the start attribute if given), and incrementing by one (or by the step attribute if given.)

Technical Note: If the step and start section properties are not modified, then this works the same as the iteration section property, except it starts at 0 instead of 1.

Example 7-25. {section} property index

{* FYI, $custid[customer.index] and $custid[customer] are identical in meaning *}

{section name=customer loop=$custid}
  {$smarty.section.customer.index} id: {$custid[customer]}<br />
{/section}

The above example will output:

0 id: 1000<br />
1 id: 1001<br />
2 id: 1002<br />

index_prev

index_prev is used to display the previous loop index. on the first loop, this is set to -1.

index_next

index_next is used to display the next loop index. On the last loop, this is still one more than the current index (respecting the setting of the step attribute, if given.)

Example 7-26. {section} property index_next and index_prev

<?php

$data 
= array(1001,1002,1003,1004,1005);
$smarty->assign('custid',$data);

?>
{* FYI, $custid[cus.index] and $custid[cus] are identical in meaning *}

<table>
  <tr>
    <th>index</th><th>id</th>
    <th>index_prev</th><th>prev_id</th>
    <th>index_next</th><th>next_id</th>
  </tr>
{section name=cus loop=$custid}
  <tr>
    <td>{$smarty.section.cus.index}</td><td>{$custid[cus]}</td>
    <td>{$smarty.section.cus.index_prev}</td><td>{$custid[cus.index_prev]}</td>
    <td>{$smarty.section.cus.index_next}</td><td>{$custid[cus.index_next]}</td>
  </tr>
{/section}
</table>

The above example will output a table containing the following:

index  id    index_prev prev_id index_next next_id
0      1001  -1	                1          1002
1      1002  0          1001    2          1003
2      1003  1          1002    3          1004
3      1004  2          1003    4          1005
4      1005  3          1004    5

iteration

iteration is used to display the current loop iteration.

Note: This is not affected by the section properties start, step and max, unlike the index property. Iteration also starts with 1 instead of 0 like index. rownum is an alias to iteration, they work identical.

Example 7-27. {section} property iteration

<?php

// array of 3000 to 3015
$id range(3000,3015);
$smarty->assign('custid',$id);

?>
{section name=cu loop=$custid start=5 step=2}
  iteration={$smarty.section.cu.iteration}
  index={$smarty.section.cu.index}
  id={$custid[cu]}<br />
{/section}

The above example will output:

iteration=1 index=5 id=3005<br />
iteration=2 index=7 id=3007<br />
iteration=3 index=9 id=3009<br />
iteration=4 index=11 id=3011<br />
iteration=5 index=13 id=3013<br />
iteration=6 index=15 id=3015<br />

This example uses the iteration property to output a table header block every five rows (uses {if} with the mod operator).

<table>
{section name=co loop=$contacts}
  {if $smarty.section.co.iteration % 5 == 1}
    <tr><th>&nbsp;</th><th>Name></th><th>Home</th><th>Cell</th><th>Email</th></tr>
  {/if}
  <tr>
    <td><a href="view.php?id={$contacts[co].id}">view<a></td>
    <td>{$contacts[co].name}</td>
    <td>{$contacts[co].home}</td>
    <td>{$contacts[co].cell}</td>
    <td>{$contacts[co].email}</td>
  <tr>
{/section}
</table>

first

first is set to true if the current section iteration is the first one.

last

last is set to true if the current section iteration is the last one.

Example 7-28. {section} property first and last

This example loops the $customers array; outputs a header block on the first iteration and on the last outputs the footer block (uses section total property)

{section name=customer loop=$customers}
  {if $smarty.section.customer.first}
    <table>
    <tr><th>id</th><th>customer</th></tr>
  {/if}

  <tr>
    <td>{$customers[customer].id}}</td>
    <td>{$customers[customer].name}</td>
  </tr>

  {if $smarty.section.customer.last}
    <tr><td></td><td>{$smarty.section.customer.total} customers</td></tr>
    </table>
  {/if}
{/section}

rownum

rownum is used to display the current loop iteration, starting with one. It is an alias to iteration, they work identically.

loop

loop is used to display the last index number that this section looped. This can be used inside or after the section.

Example 7-29. {section} property index

{section name=customer loop=$custid}
  {$smarty.section.customer.index} id: {$custid[customer]}<br />
{/section}

There were {$smarty.section.customer.loop} customers shown above.

The above example will output:

0 id: 1000<br />
1 id: 1001<br />
2 id: 1002<br />

There were 3 customers shown above.

show

show is used as a parameter to section. show is a boolean value, true or false. If false, the section will not be displayed. If there is a {sectionelse} present, that will be alternately displayed.

Example 7-30. {section} attribute show

{*
  $show_customer_info (true/false) may have been passed from the PHP
  application, to regulate whether or not this section shows
*}
{section name=customer loop=$custid show=$show_customer_info}
  {$smarty.section.customer.rownum} id: {$custid[customer]}<br />
{/section}

{if $smarty.section.customer.show}
  the section was shown.
{else}
  the section was not shown.
{/if}

The above example will output:

1 id: 1000<br />
2 id: 1001<br />
3 id: 1002<br />

the section was shown.

total

total is used to display the number of iterations that this section will loop. This can be used inside or after the section.

Example 7-31. {section} property total

{section name=customer loop=$custid step=2}
  {$smarty.section.customer.index} id: {$custid[customer]}<br />
{/section}

    There were {$smarty.section.customer.total} customers shown above.

The above example will output:

0 id: 1000<br />
2 id: 1002<br />
4 id: 1004<br />

There were 3 customers shown above.

See also {foreach} and $smarty.section.  

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