ubuntu 配置ftp服务器

转载 2015年11月20日 16:10:09

http://www.cnblogs.com/CSGrandeur/p/3754126.html

安装ftp

sudo apt-get install vsftpd

配置vsftpd.conf

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
#禁止匿名访问
anonymous_enable=NO
#接受本地用户
local_enable=YES
#允许上传
write_enable=YES
#用户只能访问限制的目录
chroot_local_user=YES
#设置固定目录,在结尾添加。如果不添加这一行,各用户对应自己的目录,当然这个文件夹自己建
local_root=/home/ftp
<a target=_blank xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">1 # Example config file /etc/vsftpd.conf
  2 #
  3 # The default compiled in settings are fairly paranoid. This sample file
  4 # loosens things up a bit, to make the ftp daemon more usable.
  5 # Please see vsftpd.conf.5 for all compiled in defaults.
  6 #
  7 # READ THIS: This example file is NOT an exhaustive list of vsftpd options.
  8 # Please read the vsftpd.conf.5 manual page to get a full idea of vsftpd's
  9 # capabilities.
 10 #
 11 #
 12 # Run standalone?  vsftpd can run either from an inetd or as a standalone
 13 # daemon started from an initscript.
 14 listen=YES
 15 #
 16 # Run standalone with IPv6?
 17 # Like the listen parameter, except vsftpd will listen on an IPv6 socket
 18 # instead of an IPv4 one. This parameter and the listen parameter are mutually
 19 # exclusive.
 20 #listen_ipv6=YES
 21 #
 22 # Allow anonymous FTP? (Beware - allowed by default if you comment this out).
 23 anonymous_enable=NO
 24 #
 25 # Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
 26 local_enable=YES
 27 #
 28 # Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.
 29 write_enable=YES
 30 #
 31 # Default umask for local users is 077. You may wish to change this to 022,
 32 # if your users expect that (022 is used by most other ftpd's)
 33 #local_umask=022
 34 #
 35 # Uncomment this to allow the anonymous FTP user to upload files. This only
 36 # has an effect if the above global write enable is activated. Also, you will
 37 # obviously need to create a directory writable by the FTP user.
 38 #anon_upload_enable=YES
 39 #
 40 # Uncomment this if you want the anonymous FTP user to be able to create
 41 # new directories.
 42 #anon_mkdir_write_enable=YES
 43 #
44 # Activate directory messages - messages given to remote users when they
 45 # go into a certain directory.
 46 dirmessage_enable=YES
 47 #
 48 # If enabled, vsftpd will display directory listings with the time
 49 # in  your  local  time  zone.  The default is to display GMT. The
 50 # times returned by the MDTM FTP command are also affected by this
 51 # option.
 52 use_localtime=YES
 53 #
 54 # Activate logging of uploads/downloads.
 55 xferlog_enable=YES
 56 #
 57 # Make sure PORT transfer connections originate from port 20 (ftp-data).
 58 connect_from_port_20=YES
 59 #
 60 # If you want, you can arrange for uploaded anonymous files to be owned by
 61 # a different user. Note! Using "root" for uploaded files is not
 62 # recommended!
 63 #chown_uploads=YES
 64 #chown_username=whoever
 65 #
 66 # You may override where the log file goes if you like. The default is shown
 67 # below.
 68 #xferlog_file=/var/log/vsftpd.log
 69 #
 70 # If you want, you can have your log file in standard ftpd xferlog format.
 71 # Note that the default log file location is /var/log/xferlog in this case.
 72 #xferlog_std_format=YES
 73 #
 74 # You may change the default value for timing out an idle session.
 75 #idle_session_timeout=600
 76 #
 77 # You may change the default value for timing out a data connection.
 78 #data_connection_timeout=120
 79 #
 80 # It is recommended that you define on your system a unique user which the
 81 # ftp server can use as a totally isolated and unprivileged erser.
 82 #nopriv_user=ftpsecure
 83 #
 84 # Enable this and the server will recognise asynchronous ABOR requests. Not
 85 # recommended for security (the code is non-trivial). Not enabling it,
 86 # however, may confuse older FTP clients.
                                                                                                                                                               86,1          39%
87 #async_abor_enable=YES
 88 #
 89 # By default the server will pretend to allow ASCII mode but in fact ignore
 90 # the request. Turn on the below options to have the server actually do ASCII
 91 # mangling on files when in ASCII mode.
 92 # Beware that on some FTP servers, ASCII support allows a denial of service
 93 # attack (DoS) via the command "SIZE /big/file" in ASCII mode. vsftpd
 94 # predicted this attack and has always been safe, reporting the size of the
 95 # raw file.
 96 # ASCII mangling is a horrible feature of the protocol.
 97 ascii_upload_enable=YES
 98 ascii_download_enable=YES
 99 #
100 # You may fully customise the login banner string:
101 #ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service.
102 #
103 # You may specify a file of disallowed anonymous e-mail addresses. Apparently
104 # useful for combatting certain DoS attacks.
105 #deny_email_enable=YES
106 # (default follows)
107 #banned_email_file=/etc/vsftpd.banned_emails
108 #
109 # You may restrict local users to their home directories.  See the FAQ for
110 # the possible risks in this before using chroot_local_user or
111 # chroot_list_enable below.
112 chroot_local_user=YES
113 #
114 # You may specify an explicit list of local users to chroot() to their home
115 # directory. If chroot_local_user is YES, then this list becomes a list of
116 # users to NOT chroot().
117 # (Warning! chroot'ing can be very dangerous. If using chroot, make sure that
118 # the user does not have write access to the top level directory within the
119 # chroot)
120 #chroot_list_enable=YES
121 # (default follows)
122 #chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd.chroot_list
123 #
124 # You may activate the "-R" option to the builtin ls. This is disabled by
125 # default to avoid remote users being able to cause excessive I/O on large
126 # sites. However, some broken FTP clients such as "ncftp" and "mirror" assume
127 # the presence of the "-R" option, so there is a strong case for enabling it.
128 #ls_recurse_enable=YES
129 #
130 # Customization
131 #
132 # Some of vsftpd's settings don't fit the filesystem layout by
133 # default.
134 #
135 # This option should be the name of a directory which is empty.  Also, the
136 # directory should not be writable by the ftp user. This directory is used
137 # as a secure chroot() jail at times vsftpd does not require filesystem
138 # access.
139 secure_chroot_dir=/var/run/vsftpd/empty
140 #
141 # This string is the name of the PAM service vsftpd will use.
142 pam_service_name=vsftpd
143 #
144 # This option specifies the location of the RSA certificate to use for SSL
145 # encrypted connections.
146 rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
147 
148 
149 
150 #allow_writable_chroot=YES 
151 local_root=/home/ftp
                               </a>


看网上说加一行“pam_service_name=vsftpd”,我看我这个配置文件本来就有,就不管了。

添加ftp用户

sudo useradd -d /home/ftp -M ftpuser
sudo passwd ftpuser

调整文件夹权限

这个是避免“500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable root inside chroot()”

sudo chmod a-w /home/ftp
sudo mkdir /home/ftp/data
sudo chmod -R 777 /var/ftp/data

这样登录之后会看到data文件夹

改pam.d/vsftpd

这时候直接用useradd的帐号登录ftp会530 login incorrect

sudo nano /etc/pam.d/vsftpd

注释掉 

#auth    required pam_shells.so

重启vsftpd

sudo service vsftpd restart

这时就可以用刚才建的ftpuser这个用户登录ftp了,看到的是local_root设置的/home/ftp,并且限制在该目录。

可以在浏览器用ftp://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx访问,也可以用ftp软件比如flashFXP,密码就是ftpuser的密码。


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