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java实现生产者与消费者

标签: 多线程java
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写了一段生产者与消费者代码,有待改进

package test;

import java.util.Random;

//商品缓冲池
class Buffer {
    private int[] NumberPool = null;
    private int size;  //缓冲池大小
    private volatile int head = 0;
    private volatile int tail = 0;

    public Buffer(int count) {
        size = count + 1;
        NumberPool = count <= 0 ? new int[11] : new int[count + 1];
        for(int i=0;i<size;i++){
            NumberPool[i]=-1;
        }
    }

    public boolean isEmpty() {
        return head == tail ? true : false;
    }

    public boolean isFull() {
        return (tail + 1) % size == head ? true : false;
    }

    public void push(int product) {
        NumberPool[tail] = product;
        tail = (tail + 1) % size;
    }

    public int pull() {
        int number = NumberPool[head];
        head = (head + 1) % size;
        return number;
    }

    public int size() {

        return size == 0 ? 0 : size - 1;
    }

}

/**
 * 生产者与消费者
 * 可以有多个生产者与多个消费者
 * 只能有一个生产者对buffer进行操作
 * 只能有一个消费者对buffer进行操作
 * 一个生产者和一个消费者可以同时对buffer进行操作
 */
class ProduceAndConsum {
    private Buffer buffer;
    private Object plock = new Object(); // produce lock
    private Object clock = new Object(); // consume lock
    private Object nlock = new Object(); // notify lock

    public ProduceAndConsum(int bufferSize) {
        buffer = new Buffer(bufferSize);
    }

    public void Produce() throws InterruptedException{
        int product=new Random().nextInt(Integer.MAX_VALUE);
        synchronized (plock) {
            if (buffer.isFull()) {
                synchronized (nlock) {
                    System.out.println("buffer is full");
                    nlock.wait();//等待consum
                }
            } else {
                buffer.push(product);
                System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName()+"->push: " + product);
                synchronized (nlock) {
                   nlock.notifyAll(); //唤醒consum    
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public void Consum() throws InterruptedException {
        synchronized (clock) {
            if (buffer.isEmpty()) {
                synchronized (nlock) {
                    System.out.println("buffer is empty");
                    nlock.wait();//等待product
                }
            } else {
                System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName()+"->pull: " + buffer.pull());
                synchronized (nlock) {
                    nlock.notifyAll();  //唤醒product
                }
            }
        }
    }

}

public class test {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ProduceAndConsum pc = new ProduceAndConsum(100);
        Runnable produce=new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                while (true) {
                    try {
                        pc.Produce();
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        };

        Runnable consum=new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                while (true) {
                    try {
                        pc.Consum();
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        };

        Thread p1=new Thread(produce,"p1");
        Thread p2=new Thread(produce,"p2");
        Thread p3=new Thread(produce,"p3");

        Thread c1=new Thread(consum,"c1");
        Thread c2=new Thread(consum,"c2");
        Thread c3=new Thread(consum,"c3");
        Thread c4=new Thread(consum,"c4");
        Thread c5=new Thread(consum,"c5");
        Thread c6=new Thread(consum,"c6");
        Thread c7=new Thread(consum,"c7");
        Thread c8=new Thread(consum,"c8");

        p1.start();
        p2.start();
        p3.start();

        c1.start();
        c2.start();
        c3.start();
        c4.start();
        c5.start();
        c6.start();
        c7.start();
        c8.start();
    }
}
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