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JavaWeb -- 文件上传下载示例

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1. 上传简单示例

Jsp

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*"  pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>文件上传下载</title>
</head>
<body>

<form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/UploadServlet" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
	上传用户:<input type="text" name="username" /> <br />
	上传文件1:<input type="file" name="file1" /> <br />
	上传文件2:<input type="file" name="file2" /> <br />
	<input type="submit" value="上传 "/>
</form> 

<br />
${requestScope.message}

</body>
</html>

Servlet

public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

	try{
			
		//1.得到解析器工厂
		DiskFileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
			
		//2.得到解析器
		ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
			
		//3.判断上传表单的类型
		if(!upload.isMultipartContent(request)){
			//上传表单为普通表单,则按照传统方式获取数据即可
			return;
		}
			
		//为上传表单,则调用解析器解析上传数据
		List<FileItem> list = upload.parseRequest(request);  //FileItem
			
		//遍历list,得到用于封装第一个上传输入项数据fileItem对象
		for(FileItem item : list){
				
			if(item.isFormField()){
				//得到的是普通输入项
				String name = item.getFieldName();  //得到输入项的名称
				String value = item.getString();
				System.out.println(name + "=" + value);
			}else{
				//得到上传输入项
				String filename = item.getName();  //得到上传文件名  C:\Documents and Settings\ThinkPad\桌面\1.txt
				filename = filename.substring(filename.lastIndexOf("\\")+1);
				InputStream in = item.getInputStream();   //得到上传数据
				int len = 0;
				byte buffer[]= new byte[1024];
				
				//用于保存上传文件的目录应该禁止外界直接访问
				String savepath = this.getServletContext().getRealPath("/WEB-INF/upload");
				System.out.println(savepath);
				
				FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(savepath + "/" + filename);  //向upload目录中写入文件
				while((len=in.read(buffer))>0){
				out.write(buffer, 0, len);
				}
					
				in.close();
				out.close();
				request.setAttribute("message", "上传成功");
			}
		}
			
			
		
		
		}catch (Exception e) {
			request.setAttribute("message", "上传失败");
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

		
	}


2. 修改后的上传功能:

注意事项:

1、上传文件名的中文乱码和上传数据的中文乱码
	upload.setHeaderEncoding("UTF-8");  //解决上传文件名的中文乱码
	//表单为文件上传,设置request编码无效,只能手工转换
	1.1 value = new String(value.getBytes("iso8859-1"),"UTF-8");
	1.2 String value = item.getString("UTF-8");
	
2.为保证服务器安全,上传文件应该放在外界无法直接访问的目录

3、为防止文件覆盖的现象发生,要为上传文件产生一个唯一的文件名

4、为防止一个目录下面出现太多文件,要使用hash算法打散存储

5.要限制上传文件的最大值,可以通过:
	ServletFileUpload.setFileSizeMax(1024)
	方法实现,并通过捕获:
	FileUploadBase.FileSizeLimitExceededException异常以给用户友好提示
	
6.想确保临时文件被删除,一定要在处理完上传文件后,调用item.delete方法

7.要限止上传文件的类型:在收到上传文件名时,判断后缀名是否合法

8、监听文件上传进度:
	ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
			upload.setProgressListener(new ProgressListener(){
				public void update(long pBytesRead, long pContentLength, int arg2) {
					System.out.println("文件大小为:" + pContentLength + ",当前已处理:" + pBytesRead);
				}
			});
			
9. 在web页面中动态添加文件上传输入项
	function addinput(){
    		var div = document.getElementById("file");
    		
    		var input = document.createElement("input");
    		input.type="file";
    		input.name="filename";
    		
    		var del = document.createElement("input");
    		del.type="button";
    		del.value="删除";
    		del.onclick = function d(){
    			this.parentNode.parentNode.removeChild(this.parentNode);
    		}
    		
    		
    		var innerdiv = document.createElement("div");
    		
    		
    		innerdiv.appendChild(input);
    		innerdiv.appendChild(del);
    		
    		div.appendChild(innerdiv);
    	}

上传jsp:

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>


<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <title>My JSP 'upload2.jsp' starting page</title>
    
    <script type="text/javascript">
    	function addinput(){
    		var div = document.getElementById("file");
    		
    		var input = document.createElement("input");
    		input.type="file";
    		input.name="filename";
    		
    		var del = document.createElement("input");
    		del.type="button";
    		del.value="删除";
    		del.onclick = function d(){
    			this.parentNode.parentNode.removeChild(this.parentNode);
    		}
    		
    		
    		var innerdiv = document.createElement("div");
    		
    		
    		innerdiv.appendChild(input);
    		innerdiv.appendChild(del);
    		
    		div.appendChild(innerdiv);
    	}
    </script>
    
  </head>
  
  <body>
    
    
    <form action="" enctype="mutlipart/form-data"></form>
    <table>
    	<tr>
    		<td>上传用户:</td>
    		<td><input type="text" name="username"></td>
    	</tr>
		<tr>    	
    		<td>上传文件:</td>
    		<td>
    			<input type="button" value="添加上传文件" onclick="addinput()">
     		</td>
     	</tr>
     	<tr>
     		<td></td>
    		<td>
    			<div id="file">
    			
    			</div>
     		</td>
     	</tr>
     	
    </table>
    
    
  </body>
</html>

上传servlet

public class UploadServlet1 extends HttpServlet {

	public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		//request.getParameter("username");  //****错误
		request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");  //表单为文件上传,设置request编码无效
		
		//得到上传文件的保存目录
		String savePath = this.getServletContext().getRealPath("/WEB-INF/upload");
		
		try{
			DiskFileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
			factory.setRepository(new File(this.getServletContext().getRealPath("/WEB-INF/temp")));
			
			ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
			/*upload.setProgressListener(new ProgressListener(){
				public void update(long pBytesRead, long pContentLength, int arg2) {
					System.out.println("文件大小为:" + pContentLength + ",当前已处理:" + pBytesRead);
				}
			});*/
			
			upload.setHeaderEncoding("UTF-8");  //解决上传文件名的中文乱码
			
			if(!upload.isMultipartContent(request)){
				//按照传统方式获取数据
				return;
			}
			
			
			/*upload.setFileSizeMax(1024);
			upload.setSizeMax(1024*10);*/
			List<FileItem> list = upload.parseRequest(request);
			for(FileItem item : list){
				
				if(item.isFormField()){
					//fileitem中封装的是普通输入项的数据
					String name = item.getFieldName();
					String value = item.getString("UTF-8");
					//value = new String(value.getBytes("iso8859-1"),"UTF-8");
					System.out.println(name + "=" + value);
				}else{
					//fileitem中封装的是上传文件
					String filename = item.getName();  //不同的浏览器提交的文件是不一样  c:\a\b\1.txt   1.txt
					System.out.println(filename);
					if(filename==null || filename.trim().equals("")){
						continue;
					}
					filename = filename.substring(filename.lastIndexOf("\\")+1);
					
					InputStream in = item.getInputStream();
					String saveFilename = makeFileName(filename);  //得到文件保存的名称
					
					String realSavePath = makePath(saveFilename, savePath);  //得到文件的保存目录
					FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(realSavePath + "\\" + saveFilename);
					byte buffer[] = new byte[1024];
					int len = 0;
					while((len=in.read(buffer))>0){
						out.write(buffer, 0, len);
					}
					
					in.close();
					out.close();
					item.delete();  //删除临时文件
					
				}
				
			}
		
		}catch (FileUploadBase.FileSizeLimitExceededException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
			request.setAttribute("message", "文件超出最大值!!!");
			request.getRequestDispatcher("/message.jsp").forward(request, response);
			return;
		}
		catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
	
	public String makeFileName(String filename){  //2.jpg
		return UUID.randomUUID().toString() + "_" + filename;
	}
	
	public String makePath(String filename,String savePath){
		
		int hashcode = filename.hashCode();
		int dir1 = hashcode&0xf;  //0--15
		int dir2 = (hashcode&0xf0)>>4;  //0-15
		
		String dir = savePath + "\\" + dir1 + "\\" + dir2;  //upload\2\3  upload\3\5
		File file = new File(dir);
		if(!file.exists()){
			file.mkdirs();
		}
		return dir;
	}

	public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		doGet(request, response);
	}

}


3. 下载功能

//列出网站所有下载文件
public class ListFileServlet extends HttpServlet {

	public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {
		
		String filepath = this.getServletContext().getRealPath("/WEB-INF/upload");
		Map map = new HashMap();
		listfile(new File(filepath),map);
		
		request.setAttribute("map", map);
		request.getRequestDispatcher("/listfile.jsp").forward(request, response);
	}
	
	public void listfile(File file,Map map){

		if(!file.isFile()){
			File files[] = file.listFiles();
			for(File f : files){
				listfile(f,map);
			}
		}else{
			String realname = file.getName().substring(file.getName().indexOf("_")+1);  //9349249849-88343-8344_阿_凡_达.avi
			map.put(file.getName(), realname);
		}
		
	}
	
	

	public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		doGet(request, response);
	}

}

jsp显示

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <title>My JSP 'listfile.jsp' starting page</title>
  </head>
  
  <body>

    <c:forEach var="me" items="${map}">
    	<c:url value="/servlet/DownLoadServlet" var="downurl">
    		<c:param name="filename" value="${me.key}"></c:param>
    	</c:url>
    	${me.value }  <a href="${downurl}">下载</a>  <br/>
    </c:forEach>
    
  </body>
</html>

下载处理servlet

public class DownLoadServlet extends HttpServlet {

	public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		
		
		String filename = request.getParameter("filename");  //23239283-92489-阿凡达.avi
		filename = new String(filename.getBytes("iso8859-1"),"UTF-8");
		String path = makePath(filename,this.getServletContext().getRealPath("/WEB-INF/upload"));
		
		File file = new File(path + "\\" + filename);
		if(!file.exists()){
			request.setAttribute("message", "您要下载的资源已被删除!!");
			request.getRequestDispatcher("/message.jsp").forward(request, response);
			return;
		}
		
		String realname = filename.substring(filename.indexOf("_")+1);
		response.setHeader("content-disposition", "attachment;filename=" + URLEncoder.encode(realname, "UTF-8"));
		
		FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream(path + "\\" + filename);
		OutputStream out = response.getOutputStream();
		byte buffer[] = new byte[1024];
		int len = 0;
		while((len=in.read(buffer))>0){
			out.write(buffer, 0, len);
		}
		in.close();
		out.close();
	}
	
	
	public String makePath(String filename,String savePath){
		
		int hashcode = filename.hashCode();
		int dir1 = hashcode&0xf;  //0--15
		int dir2 = (hashcode&0xf0)>>4;  //0-15
		
		String dir = savePath + "\\" + dir1 + "\\" + dir2;  //upload\2\3  upload\3\5
		File file = new File(dir);
		if(!file.exists()){
			file.mkdirs();
		}
		return dir;
	}


	public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		doGet(request, response);
	}

}







 

 

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