Html5实现手机九宫格密码解锁功能

标签: HTML5Canvas九宫格解锁Canvas解锁网页滑动解锁
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HTML5真的是很强大,前端时间看到一个canvas实现九宫格的密码解锁。今天抽出时间模仿了一个,特定分享一下!

效果截图如下:


效果看起来还不错吧!

源码如下:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="zh-CN">
    <meta content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=0" name="viewport"/>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>html5实现网页解锁功能</title>
    <style type="text/css">
        html, body {
            margin: 0;
            padding: 0;
            width: 100%;
            height: 100%;
        }
    </style>
    <script type="text/javascript">
    	/**
    	 * 半径,画布宽度,画布高度,画布x内边距,画布y内边距
    	 */
        var R = 26, canvasWidth = 400, canvasHeight = 320, OffsetX = 30, OffsetY = 30;
    	var circleArr = [];
        function createCirclePoint(diffX, diffY) {
            for (var row = 0; row < 3; row++) {
                for (var col = 0; col < 3; col++) {
                	// 计算圆心坐标
                    var Point = {
                        X: (OffsetX + col * diffX + ( col * 2 + 1) * R),
                        Y: (OffsetY + row * diffY + (row * 2 + 1) * R)
                    };
                    circleArr.push(Point);
                }
            }
        }
        window.onload = function () {
            var canvas = document.getElementById("lockCanvas");
            canvasWidth = document.body.offsetWidth;//网页可见区域宽
            canvas.width = canvasWidth;
            canvas.height = canvasHeight;
            var cxt = canvas.getContext("2d");
            /**
             * 每行3个圆
             * OffsetX为canvas x方向内边距
             * */
            var X = (canvasWidth - 2 * OffsetX - R * 2 * 3) / 2;
            var Y = (canvasHeight - 2 * OffsetY - R * 2 * 3) / 2;
            
            createCirclePoint(X, Y);
            
            bindEvent(canvas, cxt);
            //CW=2*offsetX+R*2*3+2*X
            Draw(cxt, circleArr, [],null);
        }
        function Draw(cxt, circleArr, pwdArr,touchPoint) {
            if (pwdArr.length > 0) {
                cxt.beginPath();
                for (var i = 0; i < pwdArr.length; i++) {
                    var pointIndex = pwdArr[i];
                    cxt.lineTo(circleArr[pointIndex].X, circleArr[pointIndex].Y);
                }
                cxt.lineWidth = 10;
                cxt.strokeStyle = "#627eed";
                cxt.stroke();
                cxt.closePath();
                if(touchPoint!=null){
                    var lastPointIndex=pwdArr[pwdArr.length-1];
                    var lastPoint=circleArr[lastPointIndex];
                    cxt.beginPath();
                    cxt.moveTo(lastPoint.X,lastPoint.Y);
                    cxt.lineTo(touchPoint.X,touchPoint.Y);
                    cxt.stroke();
                    cxt.closePath();
                }
            }
            for (var i = 0; i < circleArr.length; i++) {
                var Point = circleArr[i];
                cxt.fillStyle = "#627eed";
                cxt.beginPath();
                cxt.arc(Point.X, Point.Y, R, 0, Math.PI * 2, true);
                cxt.closePath();
                cxt.fill();
                cxt.fillStyle = "#ffffff";
                cxt.beginPath();
                cxt.arc(Point.X, Point.Y, R - 3, 0, Math.PI * 2, true);
                cxt.closePath();
                cxt.fill();
                if(pwdArr.indexOf(i)>=0){
                    cxt.fillStyle = "#627eed";
                    cxt.beginPath();
                    cxt.arc(Point.X, Point.Y, R -16, 0, Math.PI * 2, true);
                    cxt.closePath();
                    cxt.fill();
                }

            }
        }
        
        /**
         * 计算选中的密码 
         */
        function getSelectPwd(touches,pwdArr){
            for (var i = 0; i < circleArr.length; i++) {
                var currentPoint = circleArr[i];
                var xdiff = Math.abs(currentPoint.X - touches.pageX);
                var ydiff = Math.abs(currentPoint.Y - touches.pageY);
                var dir = Math.pow((xdiff * xdiff + ydiff * ydiff), 0.5);
                if(dir > R || pwdArr.indexOf(i) >= 0)
                	continue;
                 pwdArr.push(i);
                 break;
            }
        }
        
        /**
         * 给画布绑定事件
         */
        function bindEvent(canvas, cxt) {
            var pwdArr = [];
            canvas.addEventListener("touchstart", function (e) {
                getSelectPwd(e.touches[0],pwdArr);
            }, false);
            canvas.addEventListener("touchmove", function (e) {
                e.preventDefault();
                var touches = e.touches[0];
                getSelectPwd(touches,pwdArr);
                cxt.clearRect(0,0,canvasWidth,canvasHeight);
                Draw(cxt,circleArr,pwdArr,{X:touches.pageX,Y:touches.pageY});
            }, false);
            canvas.addEventListener("touchend", function (e) {
                cxt.clearRect(0,0,canvasWidth,canvasHeight);
                Draw(cxt,circleArr,pwdArr,null);
                alert("密码结果是:"+pwdArr.join("->"));
                pwdArr=[];
            }, false);
        }
    </script>
</head>
<body>
<canvas id="lockCanvas"></canvas>
</body>
</html>
好了下班了,就写这么多了!

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