QGIS, Open Source GIS & R

转载 2016年06月01日 09:36:39

Today’s post is by Kurt Menke, the owner of Bird’s Eye View GIS, a GIS consultancy. Kurt also wrote the book Mastering QGIS. In my latest course (Shapefiles for R Programmers) I briefly introduce people to QGIS. Kurt’s post below gives you a roadmap for learning more. 

I come to this blog from a slightly different, but related, perspective. I am a GIS specialist. I run my own GIS consulting business, Bird’s Eye View GIS, out of Albuquerque, NM. I’ve have been a user and advocate of open source GIS for a long time. I’ve long been aware of the power of R and have dabbled in it from time to time. I discovered Ari and his great Learn to Map Census Data in R course via Twitter back in February. When I saw his free course, I thought it would be a great opportunity to get more comfortable with R.

QGIS

What I want to do here, is briefly introduce all of you R users to QGIS, the leading free and open source (FOSS) desktop GIS.  I’ll also cover some QGIS resources. R and QGIS can be a beautiful marriage. What began in 2002 as a simple data viewer has evolved into a fully functional GIS package, with a very dedicated and active user community. Currently a new version of QGIS is released every four months! Due to this rapid release schedule, a long-term release (LTR) version is created each spring. The LTR works better for productions environments. QGIS is multi-platform, running on Windows, Mac and Linux. There is also an Android version, and withcrouton it can be installed on a Chromebook!

Under the hood, QGIS leverages several other FOSS packages. One of those (GDAL/OGR), allows it to read 42 vector file formats and 88 raster formats! It can also connect to several spatial databases including: PostgreSQL/PostGIS, SpatiaLite, Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle. If that weren’t enough it can connect to OGC web services such as: WMS, WCS and WFS. The image below shows the basic layout and a map of total population by county. The basemap is being streamed from CartoDB. This particular population dataset is a shapefile. QGIS has fantastic cartographic capabilities including some that are not available in any other GIS package: Blending Modes and Live Layer Effects.

QGIS Desktop

QGIS Desktop

Spatial Analysis with QGIS

I know R users are a technical group, so I’m happy to say QGIS also has a robust set of geoprocessing functionality. The Processing Toolbox, (shown on the right above) has both native QGIS tools for processing spatial data, along with tools from numerous other FOSS providers, including R!

NOTE: R needs to be installed on your computer and the PATH has to be correctly set up in the Processing menu -> Processing Options settings.

The image below shows the Toolbox with the R section highlighted.

QGIS Processing Toolbox

QGIS Processing Toolbox

You can write your own R scripts, and there is an online R scripts collection for QGIS. To access that, simply open the Get R scripts from on-line scripts collection tool. This opens the Get scripts and models dialog shown below. Here you can choose the scripts you’d like to install and click OK.

Get R Scripts dialog

Get R Scripts dialog

Once a script is loaded you can run it like any other tool, or open it in the QGIS Script Editor. Below the histogram script from the QGIS collection is open.

QGIS Script Editor

QGIS Script Editor

The Processing framework also includes a graphical modeler. This allows you to set up an entire workflow from simple to complex. A model can include any datasets and tools from any provider, including other models. The model below is a site selection model for a heliport in Corpus Christi.

QGIS Graphical Modeler

QGIS Graphical Modeler

Models can also be saved as Python scripts. QGIS has a Python console giving you another powerful scripting environment to work with. There’s obviously a lot to learn here.

Phew! There is way more to QGIS than I can do justice to in a blog post.  So below I’m going to give you some information on resources.

QGIS Resources (#shamelessplug)

One way I’ve become involved in the QGIS community is writing curricula and authoring two books on QGIS. Two years ago, myself and several colleagues authored the GeoAcademy, which is the first ever GIS curriculum based on a national standard – the U.S. Department of Labor’s Geospatial Competency Model (GTCM). The GTCM consists of the knowledge, skills and abilities needed to be a working GIS professional.  The GeoAcademy consists of 5 complete college courses.

  • Introduction to Geospatial Technology Using QGIS
  • Spatial Analysis Using QGIS
  • Data Acquisition and Management Using QGIS
  • Cartography Using QGIS
  • Remote Sensing Using QGIS

This winter I converted the curriculum to fit into a convenient workbook format with Locate Press. The book is called Discover QGIS. and is hot off the presses. I mentioned how fast QGIS is developing. Originally written for QGIS 2.4, the GeoAcademy material in this workbook has been updated for use with QGIS 2.14. It therefore represents the most up-to-date version of the GeoAcademy curriculum.

At the moment the digital version of the book is available as aPreview Edition. Purchasing this ebook, entitles you to the full version when it is released. We are just working on a few formatting issues.

Discover QGIS

Discover QGIS

Prior to this I authored Mastering QGIS with Packt Publishing. This is a more thorough treatment of QGIS. Beyond these two books there are many other resources including:

With this extremely short introduction I encourage you to download QGIS and begin experimenting. It is fantastic software. Meanwhile I have a lot of R to learn! See you in the twittersphere (@geomenke)

The post QGIS, Open Source GIS & R appeared first onAriLamstein.com.

开源GIS体系结构

2.1从开发结构角度看 一套GIS的完整开发框架,包括四个组成部分:标准层、数据库层、平台层和组间层。这四个部分从下到上,从底层到高层,共同构成一个完整的体系。   2.1....
  • GISlqj
  • GISlqj
  • 2016年04月23日 22:53
  • 1351

桌面GIS连接Postgresql总结

对于非开发人员的GISer而言,数据库这东西更多停留在mdb,gdb的层面,相对而言这些数据的使用无论是在处理还是管理上,门槛相对较低。但是目前所处的信息爆炸的大数据时代,仅仅依靠桌面GIS本身的数据...
  • ESA_DSQ
  • ESA_DSQ
  • 2016年08月14日 10:55
  • 2699

QGIS噱头笔记--(1)QGIS概要了解

最近学习QGIS,参照网上一些资料编译了一下,就是利用OSGEOW库文件进行编译,问题不大直接编译通过,后来发现globe插件启动不了,报“bad alloction ”错误,后来一看,QGISre...
  • ZXGIS
  • ZXGIS
  • 2013年10月10日 11:32
  • 10005

Qgis打开arcgis的MDB文件

QGIS: Accessing a Personal Geodatabase http://www.northrivergeographic.com/qgis-accessing-persona...
  • zzh_my
  • zzh_my
  • 2017年08月09日 16:53
  • 725

ArcGIS VS QGIS——两者之间的27点比较下篇(译)

QGIS和ArcGIS的比较本文续借上一篇译文17.使用数据驱动框自动地组织制图如果你正在制作一幅图,你肯定需要用到ArcGIS中的数据驱动框,它是你自动生产地图的得力工具。数据驱动框是在相互独立的不...
  • hanminaaa
  • hanminaaa
  • 2016年09月21日 09:35
  • 2117

(2017.07.17)OSM与QGIS相关。

OSM与QGIS相关。
  • SoleilAmour
  • SoleilAmour
  • 2017年07月17日 14:53
  • 377

用source函数代替繁冗的R语言打包过程

用source函数代替繁冗的R语言打包过程   熊荣川   xiong rongchuan   六盘水师范学院生物信息学实验室   xiongrongchuan@126.com   http://bl...
  • u012543538
  • u012543538
  • 2013年10月31日 16:33
  • 5101

基于Qt5的QGIS编译

Qt5.5.1 版本 编译 QGIS2.14.3版本
  • u012016149
  • u012016149
  • 2016年07月02日 23:50
  • 4831

qgis自定义符号库

地图符号作为地图语言;抽象描述的客观世界并用直观、生动视觉的手段向我们传递地理信息。每款GIS软件都会自带一些常见的地图符号,也可以自定义地图符号。一般做专题地图那些常规符号库就不能满足我们。 在使用...
  • wywywywywywy123456
  • wywywywywywy123456
  • 2017年03月27日 15:39
  • 499

路径规划PgRouting

路径规划PgRouting sf2gis@163.com 2015年7月1日   1  目标:根据矢量路线图,进行路线规划计算。 输入起止点,生成路线规划的最短路径。 2 方法:pgRou...
  • sf2gis2
  • sf2gis2
  • 2015年07月18日 10:06
  • 1901
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:QGIS, Open Source GIS & R
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)