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JavaScript的方法和技巧

标签: javascriptfunctioninput浏览器框架脚本
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1 创建脚本块

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: JavaScript code goes here
3: </script>

 

2 隐藏脚本代码

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: document.write(“Hello”);
4: // -->
5: </script>


在不支持JavaScript的浏览器中将不执行相关代码

3 浏览器不支持的时候显示

1: <noscript>
2: Hello to the non-JavaScript browser.
3: </noscript>

 

4 链接外部脚本文件

1: <script language=”JavaScript” src="/”filename.js"”></script>


5 注释脚本

1: // This is a comment
2: document.write(“Hello”); // This is a comment
3: /*
4: All of this
5: is a comment
6: */

 

6 输出到浏览器

1: document.write(“<strong>Hello</strong>”);

 

7 定义变量

1: var myVariable = “some value”;

 

8 字符串相加

1: var myString = “String1” + “String2”;

 

9 字符串搜索

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: var myVariable = “Hello there”;
4: var therePlace = myVariable.search(“there”);
5: document.write(therePlace);
6: // -->
7: </script>

 

10 字符串替换

1: thisVar.replace(“Monday”,”Friday”);


11 格式化字串

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: var myVariable = “Hello there”;
4: document.write(myVariable.big() + “<br/>”);
5: document.write(myVariable.blink() + “<br/>”);
6: document.write(myVariable.bold() + “<br/>”);
7: document.write(myVariable.fixed() + “<br/>”);
8: document.write(myVariable.fontcolor(“red”) + “<br/>”);
9: document.write(myVariable.fontsize(“18pt”) + “<br/>”);
10: document.write(myVariable.italics() + “<br/>”);
11: document.write(myVariable.small() + “<br/>”);
12: document.write(myVariable.strike() + “<br/>”);
13: document.write(myVariable.sub() + “<br/>”);
14: document.write(myVariable.sup() + “<br/>”);
15: document.write(myVariable.toLowerCase() + “<br/>”);
16: document.write(myVariable.toUpperCase() + “<br/>”);
17:
18: var firstString = “My String”;
19: var finalString = firstString.bold().toLowerCase().fontcolor(“red”);
20: // -->
21: </script>

 

12 创建数组

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: var myArray = new Array(5);
4: myArray[0] = “First Entry”;
5: myArray[1] = “Second Entry”;
6: myArray[2] = “Third Entry”;
7: myArray[3] = “Fourth Entry”;
8: myArray[4] = “Fifth Entry”;
9: var anotherArray = new Array(“First Entry”,”Second Entry”,”Third Entry”,”Fourth Entry”,”Fifth Entry”);
10: // -->
11: </script>

 

13 数组排序

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: var myArray = new Array(5);
4: myArray[0] = “z”;
5: myArray[1] = “c”;
6: myArray[2] = “d”;
7: myArray[3] = “a”;
8: myArray[4] = “q”;
9: document.write(myArray.sort());
10: // -->
11: </script>

 

14 分割字符串

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: var myVariable = “a,b,c,d”;
4: var stringArray = myVariable.split(“,”);
5: document.write(stringArray[0]);
6: document.write(stringArray[1]);
7: document.write(stringArray[2]);
8: document.write(stringArray[3]);
9: // -->
10: </script>

 

15 弹出警告信息

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: window.alert(“Hello”);
4: // -->
5: </script>

 

16 弹出确认框

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: var result = window.confirm(“Click OK to continue”);
4: // -->
5: </script>

 

17 定义函数

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: <!--
3: function multiple(number1,number2) {
4: var result = number1 * number2;
5: return result;
6: }
7: // -->
8: </script>

 

18 调用JS函数

1: <a href=”#” onClick=”functionName()”>Link text</a>
2: <a href="/”javascript:functionName"()”>Link text</a>

 

19 在页面加载完成后执行函数

1: <body onLoad=”functionName();”>
2: Body of the page
3: </body>


20 条件判断

1: <script>
2: <!--
3: var userChoice = window.confirm(“Choose OK or Cancel”);
4: var result = (userChoice == true) ? “OK” : “Cancel”;
5: document.write(result);
6: // -->
7: </script>


21 指定次数循环

1: <script>
2: <!--
3: var myArray = new Array(3);
4: myArray[0] = “Item 0”;
5: myArray[1] = “Item 1”;
6: myArray[2] = “Item 2”;
7: for (i = 0; i < myArray.length; i++) {
8: document.write(myArray[i] + “<br/>”);
9: }
10: // -->
11: </script>

 

22 设定将来执行

1: <script>
2: <!--
3: function hello() {
4: window.alert(“Hello”);
5: }
6: window.setTimeout(“hello()”,5000);
7: // -->
8: </script>

 

23 定时执行函数

1: <script>
2: <!--
3: function hello() {
4: window.alert(“Hello”);
5: window.setTimeout(“hello()”,5000);
6: }
7: window.setTimeout(“hello()”,5000);
8: // -->
9: </script>

 

24 取消定时执行

1: <script>
2: <!--
3: function hello() {
4: window.alert(“Hello”);
5: }
6: var myTimeout = window.setTimeout(“hello()”,5000);
7: window.clearTimeout(myTimeout);
8: // -->
9: </script>

 

25 在页面卸载时候执行函数

1: <body onUnload=”functionName();”>
2: Body of the page
3: </body>

JavaScript就这么回事2:浏览器输出


26 访问document对象

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var myURL = document.URL;
3: window.alert(myURL);
4: </script>

 

27 动态输出HTML

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: document.write(“<p>Here’s some information about this document:</p>”);
3: document.write(“<ul>”);
4: document.write(“<li>Referring Document: “ + document.referrer + “</li>”);
5: document.write(“<li>Domain: “ + document.domain + “</li>”);
6: document.write(“<li>URL: “ + document.URL + “</li>”);
7: document.write(“</ul>”);
8: </script>


28 输出换行

1: document.writeln(“<strong>a</strong>”);
2: document.writeln(“b”);

 

29 输出日期

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var thisDate = new Date();
3: document.write(thisDate.toString());
4: </script>

 

30 指定日期的时区

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var myOffset = -2;
3: var currentDate = new Date();
4: var userOffset = currentDate.getTimezoneOffset()/60;
5: var timeZoneDifference = userOffset - myOffset;
6: currentDate.setHours(currentDate.getHours() + timeZoneDifference);
7: document.write(“The time and date in Central Europe is: “ + currentDate.toLocaleString());
8: </script>


31 设置日期输出格式

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var thisDate = new Date();
3: var thisTimeString = thisDate.getHours() + “:” + thisDate.getMinutes();
4: var thisDateString = thisDate.getFullYear() + “/” + thisDate.getMonth() + “/” + thisDate.getDate();
5: document.write(thisTimeString + “ on “ + thisDateString);
6: </script>


32 读取URL参数

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var urlParts = document.URL.split(“?”);
3: var parameterParts = urlParts[1].split(“&”);
4: for (i = 0; i < parameterParts.length; i++) {
5: var pairParts = parameterParts[i].split(“=”);
6: var pairName = pairParts[0];
7: var pairValue = pairParts[1];
8: document.write(pairName + “ :“ +pairValue );
9: }
10: </script>

你还以为HTML是无状态的么?

33 打开一个新的document对象

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: function newDocument() {
3: document.open();
4: document.write(“<p>This is a New Document.</p>”);
5: document.close();
6: }
7: </script>

 

34 页面跳转

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: window.location = “http://www.liu21st.com/”;
3: </script>

 

35 添加网页加载进度窗口

1: <html>
2: <head>
3: <script language='javaScript'>
4: var placeHolder = window.open('holder.html','placeholder','width=200,height=200');
5: </script>
6: <title>The Main Page</title>
7: </head>
8: <body onLoad='placeHolder.close()'>
9: <p>This is the main page</p>
10: </body>
11: </html>


51 动态改变表单的action

1: <form name=”myForm” action=”login.html”>
2: Username: <input type=”text” name=”username”><br/>
3: Password: <input type=”password” name=”password”><br/>
4: <input type=”button” value=”Login” onClick=”this.form.submit();”>
5: <input type=”button” value=”Register” onClick=”this.form.action = ‘register.html’; this.form.submit();”>
6: <input type=”button” value=”Retrieve Password” onClick=”this.form.action = ‘password.html’; this.form.submit();”>
7: </form>


52 使用图像按钮

1: <form name=”myForm” action=”login.html”>
2: Username: <input type=”text” name=”username”><br/>
3: Password: <input type=”password”name=”password”><br/>
4: <input type=”image” src="/”login.gif"” value=”Login”>
5: </form>
6:


53 表单数据的加密

1: <SCRIPT LANGUAGE='JavaScript'>
2: <!--
3: function encrypt(item) {
4: var newItem = '';
5: for (i=0; i < item.length; i++) {
6: newItem += item.charCodeAt(i) + '.';
7: }
8: return newItem;
9: }
10: function encryptForm(myForm) {
11: for (i=0; i < myForm.elements.length; i++) {
12: myForm.elements[i].value = encrypt(myForm.elements[i].value);
13: }
14: }
15:
16: //-->
17: </SCRIPT>
18: <form name='myForm' onSubmit='encryptForm(this); window.alert(this.myField.value);'>
19: Enter Some Text: <input type=text name=myField><input type=submit>
20: </form>

 


JavaScript就这么回事5:窗口和框架


54 改变浏览器状态栏文字提示

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: window.status = “A new status message”;
3: </script>


55 弹出确认提示框

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var userChoice = window.confirm(“Click OK or Cancel”);
3: if (userChoice) {
4: document.write(“You chose OK”);
5: } else {
6: document.write(“You chose Cancel”);
7: }
8: </script>


56 提示输入

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var userName = window.prompt(“Please Enter Your Name”,”Enter Your Name Here”);
3: document.write(“Your Name is “ + userName);
4: </script>


57 打开一个新窗口

1: //打开一个名称为myNewWindow的浏览器新窗口
2: <script language=”JavaScript”>
3: window.open(“http://www.liu21st.com/”,”myNewWindow”);
4: </script>


58 设置新窗口的大小

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: window.open(“http://www.liu21st.com/”,”myNewWindow”,'height=300,width=300');
3: </script>


59 设置新窗口的位置

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: window.open(“http://www.liu21st.com/”,”myNewWindow”,'height=300,width=300,left=200,screenX=200,top=100,screenY=100');
3: </script>


60 是否显示工具栏和滚动栏

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: window.open(“http:


61 是否可以缩放新窗口的大小

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: window.open('http://www.liu21st.com/' , 'myNewWindow', 'resizable=yes' );</script>


62 加载一个新的文档到当前窗口

1: <a href='#' onClick='document.location = '125a.html';' >Open New Document</a>


63 设置页面的滚动位置

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: if (document.all) { //如果是IE浏览器则使用scrollTop属性
3: document.body.scrollTop = 200;
4: } else { //如果是NetScape浏览器则使用pageYOffset属性
5: window.pageYOffset = 200;
6: }</script>


64 在IE中打开全屏窗口

1: <a href='#' onClick=”window.open('http://www.juxta.com/','newWindow','fullScreen=yes');”>Open a full-screen window</a>


65 新窗口和父窗口的操作

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: //定义新窗口
3: var newWindow = window.open(“128a.html”,”newWindow”);
4: newWindow.close(); //在父窗口中关闭打开的新窗口
5: </script>
6: 在新窗口中关闭父窗口
7: window.opener.close()


66 往新窗口中写内容

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var newWindow = window.open(“”,”newWindow”);
3: newWindow.document.open();
4: newWindow.document.write(“This is a new window”);
5: newWIndow.document.close();
6: </script>


67 加载页面到框架页面

1: <frameset cols=”50%,*”>
2: <frame name=”frame1” src="/”135a.html"”>
3: <frame name=”frame2” src="/”about:blank"”>
4: </frameset>
5: 在frame1中加载frame2中的页面
6: parent.frame2.document.location = “135b.html”;


68 在框架页面之间共享脚本
如果在frame1中html文件中有个脚本

1: function doAlert() {
2: window.alert(“Frame 1 is loaded”);
3: }

那么在frame2中可以如此调用该方法

1: <body onLoad=”parent.frame1.doAlert();”>
2: This is frame 2.
3: </body>


69 数据公用
可以在框架页面定义数据项,使得该数据可以被多个框架中的页面公用

1: <script language=”JavaScript”>
2: var persistentVariable = “This is a persistent value”;
3: </script>
4: <frameset cols=”50%,*”>
5: <frame name=”frame1” src="/”138a.html"”>
6: <frame name=”frame2” src="/”138b.html"”>
7: </frameset>


这样在frame1和frame2中都可以使用变量persistentVariable
70 框架代码库
根据以上的一些思路,我们可以使用一个隐藏的框架页面来作为整个框架集的代码库

1: <frameset cols=”0,50%,*”>
2: <frame name=”codeFrame” src="/”140code.html"”>
3: <frame name=”frame1” src="/”140a.html"”>
4: <frame name=”frame2” src="/”140b.html"”>
5: </frameset>

  

 
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