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Jsonp解决ajax跨域问题

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转载文章出处http://blog.csdn.net/saytime

一、介绍

最近跨域问题比较多,而且自己刚好也看到这一块,就总结了一下,关于JSONP的东西百度的话东西确实很多,很多人都是复制别人的,如此下去,其实找的资料就那么几份,关键是我还看不懂,可能是能力问题吧,自己经过很多尝试,所以总结了一下,终究还是弄懂了皮毛。注意一点是,这里是用Jsonp解决ajax的跨域问题,具体的实现其实不是ajax

1、同源策略

浏览器有一个很重要的概念——同源策略(Same-Origin Policy)。所谓同源是指,域名,协议,端口相同。不同源的客户端脚本(JavaScript、ActionScript)在没明确授权的情况下,不能读写对方的资源。

2、JSONP

JSONP(JSON with Padding)是JSON的一种”使用模式”,可用于解决主流浏览器的跨域数据访问的问题。由于同源策略,一般来说位于 server1.example.com 的网页无法与不是 server1.example.com的服务器沟通,而 HTML 的script 元素是一个例外。利用 <script> 元素的这个开放策略,网页可以得到从其他来源动态产生的 JSON 资料,而这种使用模式就是所谓的 JSONP。用 JSONP 抓到的资料并不是 JSON,而是任意的JavaScript,用 JavaScript 直译器执行而不是用 JSON 解析器解析。

二、实践

1、模拟跨域请求

在本机弄两个tomcat,端口分别为8080,8888,也就满足了非同源的条件,那么要是从一个端口发送ajax去获取另外一个端口的数据,那么肯定会报跨域请求问题。

这里写图片描述

这里有两个项目,分别是jsonp(8080),other(8888),在jsonp项目中index.jsp如下:

<code class="language-jsp hljs xml has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="vbscript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><%@ page language=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"java"</span> contentType=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/html; charset=UTF-8"</span> pageEncoding=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"UTF-8"</span>%></span>
<span class="hljs-doctype" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd"></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">html</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">head</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">title</span>></span>Insert title here<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">title</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"text/javascript"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">src</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"js/jquery.min.js"</span>></span><span class="javascript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"></span><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"text/javascript"</span>></span><span class="javascript" style="box-sizing: border-box;">
    <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">jsonp_fun</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">()</span>{</span>
        $.ajax({
            url:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'http://localhost:8888/other/index.jsp'</span>,
            type:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'post'</span>,
            dataType:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'text'</span>,
            success:<span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">(data)</span>{</span>
                console.log(data);
            }
        });
    }
</span><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">head</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">body</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">input</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"button"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">value</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"jsonp"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">onclick</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"jsonp_fun()"</span>/></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">body</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">html</span>></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">19</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">20</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">21</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">22</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">23</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">19</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">20</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">21</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">22</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">23</li></ul>

other(8888)项目中index.jsp如下:// 因为jsp实际就是servlet,这里就用jsp代替servlet演示。

<code class="language-html hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="vbscript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><%@ page language=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"java"</span> contentType=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/html; charset=UTF-8"</span> pageEncoding=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"UTF-8"</span>%></span>
<span class="hljs-doctype" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd"></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">html</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">head</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">title</span>></span>Insert title here<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">title</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"text/javascript"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">src</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"js/jquery.min.js"</span>></span><span class="javascript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"></span><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">head</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">body</span>></span>
    other domain
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">body</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">html</span>></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li></ul>

其实中上面看无非就是jsonp页面中点击按钮ajax去获取other页面中的数据。

结果如下:chrome控制台

这里写图片描述

<code class="language-cmd hljs sql has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">XMLHttpRequest cannot <span class="hljs-operator" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">load</span> http://localhost:<span class="hljs-number" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">8888</span>/other/index.jsp. <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">No</span> <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'Access-Control-Allow-Origin'</span> header <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">is</span> present <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">on</span> the requested resource. Origin <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'http://localhost:8080'</span> <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">is</span> therefore <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">not</span> allowed access.</span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

以上提示就是指跨域问题,不能从8080这个域去访问8888域的资源。

2、利用script标签去访问other域的js文件

由于<script>标签的src是支持跨域请求的。最常见的就是CDN服务的应用啦,比如我项目中,如果想用jQuery,但是就没有这个js文件,去下载要找很久,而且版本还不知道下的对不对,那么可以百度搜jquery cdn,我随便找一个,比如bootstrap的cdn:http://www.bootcdn.cn/jquery/,有很多版本供你选择,只要在项目中加上就行了,最大缺点的话就是你没网的话,就引入不到啦。

  • 2.1 在other根路径创建js/other.js文件,内容如下:
<code class="language-js hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">alert(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"this is other(8888) js"</span>);</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>
  • 2.2 在jsonp/index.jsp中,加入script标签,引入other的js
<code class="language-jsp hljs xml has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"text/javascript"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">src</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"http://localhost:8888/other/js/other.js"</span>></span><span class="javascript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"></span><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

进入http://localhost:8080/jsonp/index.jsp,会立马弹出alert,表示引入的js文件自动执行了,跨域请求js成功。

这里写图片描述

  • 2.3 同样的,直接引用,会立马执行立马的alert,那么在other.js中写函数,同样jsonp/index.jsp中也能调用到,这点就不演示了,项目开发中大多都是这样做的,页面与js/css分离。

  • 2.4 另外说明一点,如果在other.js中有函数通过ajax调用8080中的东西,然后引入之后,调用这个函数,也是可以的,但是如果other.js中函数ajax调用8888的东西,引入之后,调用这个函数,同样是跨域的。

3、script实现跨域请求

  • 3.1 简单模拟服务器返回数据

将jsonp/index.jsp改成如下:这里注意引入的other.js的位置,是在函数getResult之后的,如果在它之前的话,会提示函数不存在。js加载顺序是从上开始,在之前调用没创建的,不能成功。注意这里是指引入的js文件,如果是同一个js文件或者当前页面的js中,先执行调用,然后再写函数也是没有问题的,但是如果先执行调用引入js文件中的函数,然后再引入js文件,就会提示函数不存在。

<code class="language-jsp hljs xml has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"text/javascript"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">src</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"js/jquery.min.js"</span>></span><span class="javascript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"></span><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"text/javascript"</span>></span><span class="javascript" style="box-sizing: border-box;">
    <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">jsonp_fun</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">()</span>{</span>
        $.ajax({
            url:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'http://localhost:8888/other/index.jsp'</span>,
            type:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'post'</span>,
            dataType:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'text'</span>,
            success:<span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">(data)</span>{</span>
                console.log(data);
            }
        });
    }

    <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">getResult</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">(data)</span>{</span>
        alert(data.result);
    }
</span><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"text/javascript"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">src</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"http://localhost:8888/other/js/other.js"</span>></span><span class="javascript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"></span><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li></ul>

然后other.js

<code class="language-js hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">getResult({<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"result"</span>:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"this is other domain's data"</span>});</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

也就是在jsonp/index.jsp页面写好函数,然后引入其他域的js传入参数去调用这个函数,这里的参数你可以先看做是其他域服务器的接口返回的数据。

刷新页面,效果当然是

<code class="language-cmd hljs cs has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">弹出alert框,<span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">this</span> <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">is</span> other domain<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'s data</span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>
  • 3.2 模拟接口访问 
    看到这里,你会不会还是想不懂,上面js弄啥的,传个死的数据,有什么实际意义吗?,其实script的src不仅可以接js的地址,还可以接servlet的地址,也就是http接口地址,所以接下来,懒得写servlet,这里还是写jsp当做接口,在other项目中新建other.jsp页面,内容如下:
<code class="language-jsp hljs xml has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="vbscript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><%@ page language=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"java"</span> contentType=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/html; charset=UTF-8"</span> pageEncoding=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"UTF-8"</span>%></span>
<span class="vbscript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><%
    <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">String</span> params = <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">request</span>.getParameter(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"params"</span>);
    out.println(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"ajax cross success,the server receive params :"</span>+params);
%></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li></ul>

内容很简单,也就是接受一个params的参数,然后返回数据给调用者。

我们在jsonp/index.jsp中加上

<code class="language-js hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><script type=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/javascript"</span> src=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"http://localhost:8888/other/other.jsp?params=fromjsonp"</span>><span class="xml" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

看到这个地址,你是不是很熟悉,不熟悉的证明你用servlet用蠢了,jsp也是servlet,流程就是页面一加载的时候,script标签就会去发送请求,然后返回数据。那么我们刷新页面,看看效果。

这里写图片描述

<code class="language-console hljs javascript has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">Uncaught <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">SyntaxError</span>: Unexpected identifier</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

报错了,如上,然后代码有问题?No,点击错误,你会看到请求的东西也打印出来了,就是提示错误,表示这个东西浏览器不认识,其实是script不认识啦。

这里写图片描述

还不明白,那么你去页面加上如下内容,你看报不报错!!肯定报错

<code class="language-js hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><script type=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/javascript"</span>>
    ajax cross success,the server receive params : jsonp_param
<<span class="hljs-regexp" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">/script></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li></ul>

那么js不能解析,我们换一种思路,要是我们输出的是JSON字符串或者调用当前页面函数的字符串了,类似于3.1中返回的 
getResult({“result”:”this is other domain’s data”});

所以改造一下,把other.jsp中的内容改成

<code class="language-jsp hljs avrasm has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><%@ page language=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"java"</span> contentType=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/html; charset=UTF-8"</span> pageEncoding=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"UTF-8"</span>%>
<%
    String params = request<span class="hljs-preprocessor" style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); box-sizing: border-box;">.getParameter</span>(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"params"</span>)<span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">;</span>
    //<span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">out</span><span class="hljs-preprocessor" style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); box-sizing: border-box;">.println</span>(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"ajax cross success,the server receive params :"</span>+params)<span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">;</span>
    <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">out</span><span class="hljs-preprocessor" style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); box-sizing: border-box;">.println</span>(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"getResult({'result':'"</span>+params+<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"'})"</span>)<span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">;</span>
%></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li></ul>

别忘了,之前jsonp/index.jsp中我们定义了,那么加入引用之后,依然记得getResult函数与引入函数的先后顺序问题。

<code class="language-js hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><script type=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/javascript"</span>>
    <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">getResult</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">(data)</span>{</span>
        alert(data.result);
    }
<<span class="hljs-regexp" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">/script>
<script type="text/</span>javascript<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">" src="</span>http:<span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">//localhost:8888/other/other.jsp?params=fromjsonp"></script></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li></ul>

刷新页面,发现大工告成。

这里写图片描述

至此,大部分原理已经讲完了,还有一个问题,这里服务器返回的是getResult(xxx),其中这里的xxx可以当做是经过接口的很多处理,然后塞进去的值,但是这个getResult这个函数名,调用方与其他域服务器这一方怎么约定这个名字是一致的了,况且很多公司自己做服务的,别的公司的开发人员去调用,难道每个人都去那么公司去约定调用函数的名字?怎么可能,所以有人就想出来了一种解决方案,当然不是我~~,其实也很简单啦,也就是把回调的函数名字也一起传过去不就行了,所以代码如下:

<code class="language-js hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><script type=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/javascript"</span> src=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"http://localhost:8888/other/other.jsp?params=fromjsonp&callback=getResult"</span>><span class="xml" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

other.jsp

<code class="language-jsp hljs lasso has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;"><%</span>@ page language<span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">=</span><span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"java"</span> contentType<span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">=</span><span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/html; charset=UTF-8"</span> pageEncoding<span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">=</span><span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"UTF-8"</span><span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">%></span>
<span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;"><%</span>
    <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">String</span> <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">params</span> <span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">=</span> request<span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">.</span>getParameter(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"params"</span>);
    <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">String</span> callback <span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">=</span> request<span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">.</span>getParameter(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"callback"</span>);
    <span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">// 经过该接口一系列操作,然后得到data,将data返回给调用者</span>
    <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">String</span> <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">data</span> <span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">=</span> <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"{'result':'"</span><span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">+</span><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">params</span><span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">+</span><span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"'}"</span>;
    out<span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">.</span>println(callback <span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">+</span> <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"("</span><span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">+</span><span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">data</span><span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">+</span><span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">")"</span>);
<span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">%></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li></ul>

代码很简单,也就是传递一个回调函数的参数名,然后经过该接口一系列操作,将返回数据,塞到回调函数里面,调用端的函数就得到了该接口的数据,也就是类似于ajax中succsss:function(data),然后处理data一样,这里的success回调函数,相当于上面的getResult函数。当然你也可以写的优雅一点,比如:

<code class="language-js hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">    <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">CreateScript</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">(src)</span> {</span>
        $(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"<script><//script>"</span>).attr(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"src"</span>, src).appendTo(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"body"</span>)
    }

    <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">jsonp_fun</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">()</span>{</span>
         CreateScript(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"http://localhost:8888/other/other.jsp?params=fromjsonp&callback=getResult"</span>)
    }
</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li></ul>

4、Jquery的JSONP

至此跨域请求的原理已经讲清楚了,但是仍然还有一个问题,总觉得这样用有点怪是不是,如果用jquery的话,调用就很简单了,其实jquery底层实现也是拼了一个script,然后指定src这种方式,跟上面讲的一样,只是jquery封装了一下,显得更加优雅,跟ajax调用方式差不多,所以容易记,代码如下:

<code class="hljs xml has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"text/javascript"</span>></span><span class="javascript" style="box-sizing: border-box;">
    <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">getResult</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">(data)</span>{</span>
        alert(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"through jsonp,receive data from other domain : "</span>+data.result);
    }

    <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">jsonp_fun</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">()</span>{</span>
        $.ajax({
            url:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'http://localhost:8888/other/other.jsp'</span>,
            type:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'post'</span>,
            data:{<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'params'</span>:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'fromjsonp'</span>},
            dataType: <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"jsonp"</span>,
            jsonp: <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"callback"</span>,<span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">//传递给请求处理程序或页面的,用以获得jsonp回调函数名的参数名(一般默认为:callback)</span>
            jsonpCallback:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"getResult"</span>,<span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">//自定义的jsonp回调函数名称,默认为jQuery自动生成的随机函数名,也可以不写这个参数,jQuery会自动为你处理数据</span>
            success: <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">(data)</span>{</span>
            },
            error: <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">()</span>{</span>
                alert(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'fail'</span>);
            }
        });
    }
</span><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">script</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">body</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">input</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">type</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"button"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">value</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"jsonp"</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(102, 0, 102);">onclick</span>=<span class="hljs-value" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 136, 0);">"jsonp_fun()"</span>/></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">body</span>></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">19</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">20</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">21</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">22</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">23</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">24</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">19</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">20</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">21</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">22</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">23</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">24</li></ul>

这里的jsonCallback,回调函数设置为getResult,那么返回后会先调用getResult函数中的代码,再调用success函数中的代码,一般情况下,不用定义getResult函数,同样jsonCallback不需要设置,那么就只执行success中的代码,也就跟平时的ajax一样用啦。

所以实际工作用法如下:

<code class="language-js hljs  has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span> <span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box;">jsonp_fun</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">()</span>{</span>
        $.ajax({
            url:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'http://localhost:8888/other/other.jsp'</span>,
            type:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'post'</span>,
            data:{<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'params'</span>:<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'fromjsonp'</span>},
            dataType: <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"jsonp"</span>,
            jsonp: <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"callback"</span>,<span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">//传递给请求处理程序或页面的,用以获得jsonp回调函数名的参数名(一般默认为:callback)</span>
            success: <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">(data)</span>{</span>
                alert(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"through jsonp,receive data from other domain : "</span>+data.result);
            },
            error: <span class="hljs-function" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">function</span><span class="hljs-params" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">()</span>{</span>
                alert(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'fail'</span>);
            }
        });
    }</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li></ul>
<code class="language-jsp hljs xml has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="vbscript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><%@ page language=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"java"</span> contentType=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"text/html; charset=UTF-8"</span> pageEncoding=<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"UTF-8"</span>%></span>
<span class="vbscript" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><%
    <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">String</span> params = <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">request</span>.getParameter(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"params"</span>);
    <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">String</span> callback = <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">request</span>.getParameter(<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"callback"</span>);
    // 经过该接口一系列操作,然后得到data,将data返回给调用者
    <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">String</span> data = <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"{\"</span>result\<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">":\""+params+"</span>\<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"}"</span>;
    out.println(callback + <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">"("</span>+data+<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">")"</span>);
%></span> </code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; opacity: 0.018336; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li></ul>

这里没有指定jsonpCallback,实际上jquery底层拼装了一个函数名,当然生成函数规则就没研究了。

这里写图片描述

补充:

  • 1、ajax和jsonp这两种技术在调用方式上“看起来”很像,目的也一样,都是请求一个url,然后把服务器返回的数据进行处理,因此jquery和ext等框架都把jsonp作为ajax的一种形式进行了封装;

  • 2、但ajax和jsonp其实本质上是不同的东西。ajax的核心是通过XmlHttpRequest获取非本页内容,而jsonp的核心则是动态添加<script>标签来调用服务器提供的js脚本。

  • 3、所以说,其实ajax与jsonp的区别不在于是否跨域,ajax通过服务端代理一样可以实现跨域,jsonp本身也不排斥同域的数据的获取。

  • 4、还有就是,jsonp是一种方式或者说非强制性协议,如同ajax一样,它也不一定非要用json格式来传递数据,如果你愿意,字符串都行,只不过这样不利于用jsonp提供公开服务。

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