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HDU - 4006 The kth great number (set&数据结构)

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HDU - 4006
Time Limit:                                                        1000MS                          Memory Limit: 65768KB   64bit IO Format:                            %I64d & %I64u                       

Status

Description

Xiao Ming and Xiao Bao are playing a simple Numbers game. In a round Xiao Ming can choose to write down a number, or ask Xiao Bao what the kth great number is. Because the number written by Xiao Ming is too much, Xiao Bao is feeling giddy. Now, try to help Xiao Bao.      
               

Input

There are several test cases. For each test case, the first line of input contains two positive integer n, k. Then n lines follow. If Xiao Ming choose to write down a number, there will be an " I" followed by a number that Xiao Ming will write down. If Xiao Ming choose to ask Xiao Bao, there will be a "Q", then you need to output the kth great number.       
               

Output

The output consists of one integer representing the largest number of islands that all lie on one line.       
               

Sample Input

8 3 I 1 I 2 I 3 Q I 5 Q I 4 Q
               

Sample Output

1 2 3

Hint

Xiao Ming won't ask Xiao Bao the kth great number when the number of the written number is smaller than k. (1=<k<=n<=1000000). 
         
               

Source

The 36th ACM/ICPC Asia Regional Dalian Site —— Online Contest
//题意:
给你一个n,m,表示有n组输入,如果字母是I,输入一个数,否则表示询问第m大的数字是什么
//思路:
直接用multiset进行存放,当存放的数的个数大于m时就删除最后的那个,否则输出最后的那个数即可
#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<algorithm>
#include<iostream>
#include<set>
#define INF 0x3f3f3f3f
#define N 1000010
using namespace std;
char s[2];
struct zz
{
	int x;
	friend bool operator < (zz a,zz b)
	{
		return a.x>b.x;
	}
}p;
multiset<zz>st;
multiset<zz>::iterator f;
int main()
{
	int n,m;
	while(scanf("%d%d",&n,&m)!=EOF)
	{
		st.clear();
		for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
		{
			scanf("%s",s);
			if(s[0]=='I')
			{
				scanf("%d",&p.x);
				st.insert(p);
				f=st.end();
				f--;
				if(st.size()>m)
					st.erase(f);
			}
			else
			{
				f=st.end();
				f--;
				printf("%d\n",*f);		
			}	
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

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