解析xlsx文件---Java读取Excel2007

原创 2013年10月10日 09:04:44

关于Java读取Excel2007的文章在Google、百度上搜索一下,没有太好的例子,实现的也不算太好。查看了一下Poi,最新的 POI 3.5 beta 4 支持读写 Excel2007PPT2007(XLSX and PPTX),自己来实现Java读取Excel2007了。

一、老版本案例,08年的poi.jar;下面案例只适用于与解析格式较小的文件,对于较大的文件会出现内存溢出情况。

1,下载 POI 3.5 beta 4 解压,把其中的jar包导入项目文件。以我的读取为例,导入了以下jar包。


没有配置 log4j,测试时报告警报信息,应该为加载顺序导致的初始化问题造成(暂时没有找原因)

2,建立读取 Excel2007 方法

Java代码

// 构造 XSSFWorkbook 对象,strPath 传入文件路径

XSSFWorkbook xwb = new XSSFWorkbook(path);  //已过时,被废弃,使用会出错

XSSFWorkbook xwb = new XSSFWorkbook(new FileInputStream(file));

// 读取第一章表格内容

XSSFSheet sheet = xwb.getSheetAt(0);

// 定义 rowcell

XSSFRow row;

String cell;

// 循环输出表格中的内容

for (int i = sheet.getFirstRowNum(); i < sheet.getPhysicalNumberOfRows(); i++) {

row = sheet.getRow(i);

for (int j = row.getFirstCellNum(); j < row.getPhysicalNumberOfCells(); j++) {

// 通过 row.getCell(j).toString() 获取单元格内容,

cell = row.getCell(j).toString();

System.out.print(cell + "\t");

}

System.out.println("");

}

        // 构造 XSSFWorkbook 对象,strPath 传入文件路径

        XSSFWorkbook xwb = new XSSFWorkbook(strPath);

        // 读取第一章表格内容

        XSSFSheet sheet = xwb.getSheetAt(0);

        // 定义 rowcell

        XSSFRow row;

        String cell;

        // 循环输出表格中的内容

        for (int i = sheet.getFirstRowNum(); i < sheet.getPhysicalNumberOfRows(); i++) {

            row = sheet.getRow(i);

            for (int j = row.getFirstCellNum(); j < row.getPhysicalNumberOfCells(); j++) {

                // 通过 row.getCell(j).toString() 获取单元格内容,

                cell = row.getCell(j).toString();

                System.out.print(cell + "\t");

            }

            System.out.println("");

        }

此过程直接传入文件所在路径,其他一些过程已经被自动实现。

3,测试,文件为83563行数据,以文本方式读取内容,

Java代码

public static void main(String[] args) {

SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("HH:mm:ss:SS");

TimeZone t = sdf.getTimeZone();

t.setRawOffset(0);

sdf.setTimeZone(t);

Long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

String fileName = "F:\\我的文档\\学生缴费代码.xlsx";

// 检测代码

try {

PoiReadExcel er = new PoiReadExcel();

// 读取excel2007

er.testPoiExcel2007(fileName);

} catch (Exception ex) {

Logger.getLogger(FastexcelReadExcel.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);

}

Long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

System.out.println("用时:" + sdf.format(new Date(endTime - startTime)));

}

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("HH:mm:ss:SS");

        TimeZone t = sdf.getTimeZone();

        t.setRawOffset(0);

        sdf.setTimeZone(t);

        Long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

        String fileName = "F:\\我的文档\\学生缴费代码.xlsx";

        // 检测代码

        try {

            PoiReadExcel er = new PoiReadExcel();

            // 读取excel2007

            er.testPoiExcel2007(fileName);

        } catch (Exception ex) {

            Logger.getLogger(FastexcelReadExcel.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);

        }

        Long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

        System.out.println("用时:" + sdf.format(new Date(endTime - startTime)));

    }

读取所用时间为:4.172秒。

二、java解析大数据分析

. Apache POI 简介( http://poi.apache.org/

使用Java程序读写Microsoft Office,提供了下面这几种类型:

    HSSF-提供读写Microsoft Excel XLS格式档案的功能。

    XSSF-提供读写Microsoft Excel OOXML XLSX格式档案的功能。

    HWPF-提供读写Microsoft Word DOC格式档案的功能。

    HSLF-供读写Microsoft PowerPoint格式档案的功能。

    HDGF-提供读Microsoft Visio格式档案的功能。

    HPBF-提供读Microsoft Publisher格式档案的功能。

二、POI操作Excel

    1. 官方快速帮助:http://poi.apache.org/spreadsheet/quick-guide.html

    2. 导入包:poi-3.6.jar

参考:

    1. http://www.blogjava.net/vwpolo/archive/2009/09/16/295243.html

    2. http://hacker-zxf.javaeye.com/blog/746546

    3. http://zmx.javaeye.com/blog/622536

    4. http://canfly2010.javaeye.com/blog/701726

 

[java] view plaincopyprint?

package excel.poi.input; 

import java.io.File; 

import java.io.FileInputStream; 

import java.io.IOException; 

import java.io.InputStream; 

import java.util.Iterator; 

 

import org.apache.poi.POITextExtractor; 

import org.apache.poi.extractor.ExtractorFactory; 

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCell; 

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRow; 

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFSheet; 

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook; 

import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.exceptions.InvalidFormatException; 

import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.exceptions.OpenXML4JException; 

import org.apache.poi.poifs.filesystem.POIFSFileSystem; 

import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFRow; 

import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFSheet; 

import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFWorkbook; 

import org.apache.xmlbeans.XmlException; 

public class ReadExcel { 

    /**

     * 读取office 2003 xls

     * @param filePath

     */ 

 @SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked", "deprecation" }) 

public void loadXls(String filePath){ 

      try { 

           InputStream input = new FileInputStream("D://test.xls"); 

           POIFSFileSystem fs = new POIFSFileSystem(input); 

           HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs); 

           HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0); 

           // Iterate over each row in the sheet  

           Iterator rows = sheet.rowIterator(); 

           while (rows.hasNext()) { 

            HSSFRow row = (HSSFRow) rows.next(); 

            System.out.println("Row #" + row.getRowNum()); 

            // Iterate over each cell in the row and print out the cell"s  

            // content  

            Iterator cells = row.cellIterator(); 

            while (cells.hasNext()) { 

             HSSFCell cell = (HSSFCell) cells.next(); 

             System.out.println("Cell #" + cell.getCellNum()); 

             switch (cell.getCellType()) { 

             case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC: 

              System.out.println(cell.getNumericCellValue()); 

              break; 

             case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING: 

              System.out.println(cell.getStringCellValue()); 

              break; 

             case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_BOOLEAN: 

              System.out.println(cell.getBooleanCellValue()); 

              break; 

             case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_FORMULA: 

              System.out.println(cell.getCellFormula()); 

              break; 

             default: 

              System.out.println("unsuported sell type"); 

              break; 

             } 

            } 

           } 

          } catch (IOException ex) { 

           ex.printStackTrace(); 

          } 

 } 

 /**

  * 读取xlsx文本

  * @param filePath

  */ 

 public void loadXlsxText(String filePath){ 

     File inputFile = new File("D://test.xlsx");    

     try { 

        POITextExtractor extractor = ExtractorFactory.createExtractor(inputFile); 

        System.out.println(extractor.getText()); 

    } catch (InvalidFormatException e) { 

        e.printStackTrace(); 

    } catch (IOException e) { 

        e.printStackTrace(); 

    } catch (OpenXML4JException e) { 

        e.printStackTrace(); 

    } catch (XmlException e) { 

        e.printStackTrace(); 

    }    

 } 

 /**

  * 读取office 2007 xlsx

  * @param filePath

  */ 

 public void loadXlsx(String filePath){ 

     // 构造 XSSFWorkbook 对象,strPath 传入文件路径     

    XSSFWorkbook xwb = null; 

    try { 

        xwb = new XSSFWorkbook("D://test.xlsx"); 

    } catch (IOException e) { 

        System.out.println("读取文件出错"); 

        e.printStackTrace(); 

    }    

     // 读取第一章表格内容     

     XSSFSheet sheet = xwb.getSheetAt(0);    

     xwb.getSheetAt(1); 

    // 定义 rowcell     

     XSSFRow row;    

     String cell;     

     // 循环输出表格中的内容     

     for (int i = sheet.getFirstRowNum(); i < sheet.getPhysicalNumberOfRows(); i++) {    

         row = sheet.getRow(i);    

          

         for (int j = row.getFirstCellNum(); j < row.getPhysicalNumberOfCells(); j++) {     

            // 通过 row.getCell(j).toString() 获取单元格内容,     

            cell = row.getCell(j).toString();   

            System.out.print(cell + "/t");    

        }    

         System.out.println("");    

     }    

 } 

 public static void main(String[] args) { 

     ReadExcel readExcel =new ReadExcel(); 

     readExcel.loadXlsx(""); 

 } 

 

package excel.poi.input;

import java.io.File;

import java.io.FileInputStream;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.io.InputStream;

import java.util.Iterator;

import org.apache.poi.POITextExtractor;

import org.apache.poi.extractor.ExtractorFactory;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCell;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRow;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFSheet;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;

import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.exceptions.InvalidFormatException;

import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.exceptions.OpenXML4JException;

import org.apache.poi.poifs.filesystem.POIFSFileSystem;

import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFRow;

import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFSheet;

import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFWorkbook;

import org.apache.xmlbeans.XmlException;

public class ReadExcel {

       /**

        * 读取office 2003 xls

        * @param filePath

        */

 @SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked", "deprecation" })

public void loadXls(String filePath){

         try {

                 InputStream input = new FileInputStream("D://test.xls");

                 POIFSFileSystem fs = new POIFSFileSystem(input);

                 HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);

                 HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);

                 // Iterate over each row in the sheet

                 Iterator rows = sheet.rowIterator();

                 while (rows.hasNext()) {

                  HSSFRow row = (HSSFRow) rows.next();

                  System.out.println("Row #" + row.getRowNum());

                  // Iterate over each cell in the row and print out the cell"s

                  // content

                  Iterator cells = row.cellIterator();

                  while (cells.hasNext()) {

                   HSSFCell cell = (HSSFCell) cells.next();

                   System.out.println("Cell #" + cell.getCellNum());

                   switch (cell.getCellType()) {

                   case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:

                    System.out.println(cell.getNumericCellValue());

                    break;

                   case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:

                    System.out.println(cell.getStringCellValue());

                    break;

                   case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_BOOLEAN:

                    System.out.println(cell.getBooleanCellValue());

                    break;

                   case HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_FORMULA:

                    System.out.println(cell.getCellFormula());

                    break;

                   default:

                    System.out.println("unsuported sell type");

                    break;

                   }

                  }

                 }

                } catch (IOException ex) {

                 ex.printStackTrace();

                }

 }

 /**

  * 读取xlsx文本

  * @param filePath

  */

 public void loadXlsxText(String filePath){

        File inputFile = new File("D://test.xlsx");  

        try {

              POITextExtractor extractor = ExtractorFactory.createExtractor(inputFile);

              System.out.println(extractor.getText());

       } catch (InvalidFormatException e) {

              e.printStackTrace();

       } catch (IOException e) {

              e.printStackTrace();

       } catch (OpenXML4JException e) {

              e.printStackTrace();

       } catch (XmlException e) {

              e.printStackTrace();

       }  

 }

 /**

  * 读取office 2007 xlsx

  * @param filePath

  */

 public void loadXlsx(String filePath){

        // 构造 XSSFWorkbook 对象,strPath 传入文件路径  

       XSSFWorkbook xwb = null;

       try {

              xwb = new XSSFWorkbook("D://test.xlsx");

       } catch (IOException e) {

              System.out.println("读取文件出错");

              e.printStackTrace();

       }  

        // 读取第一章表格内容  

        XSSFSheet sheet = xwb.getSheetAt(0);  

        xwb.getSheetAt(1);

       // 定义 rowcell  

        XSSFRow row;  

        String cell;  

        // 循环输出表格中的内容  

        for (int i = sheet.getFirstRowNum(); i < sheet.getPhysicalNumberOfRows(); i++) {  

            row = sheet.getRow(i);  

           

            for (int j = row.getFirstCellNum(); j < row.getPhysicalNumberOfCells(); j++) {  

               // 通过 row.getCell(j).toString() 获取单元格内容,  

               cell = row.getCell(j).toString(); 

               System.out.print(cell + "/t");  

           }  

            System.out.println("");  

        }  

 }

 public static void main(String[] args) {

        ReadExcel readExcel =new ReadExcel();

        readExcel.loadXlsx("");

 }

}

[java] view plaincopyprint?

<SPAN style="COLOR: #ff0000">但是:Workbook wb = WorkbookFactory.create(new FileInputStream(FILE_URL));</SPAN> 

 

但是:Workbook wb = WorkbookFactory.create(new FileInputStream(FILE_URL));[java] view plaincopyprint?

<SPAN style="COLOR: #ff0000">查看Create函数的源代码:</SPAN> 

 

三、java解析excel大数据;临时表的形式

此篇是紧接上篇《大数据excel文件读取——2003及之前版本》

excel2007文件格式与之前版本不同,之前版本采用的是微软自己的存储格式。07版内容的存储采用XML格式,所以,理所当然的,对大数据量的xlsx文件的读取采用的也是XML的处理方式SAX

同之前的版本一样,大数据量文件的读取采用的是事件模型eventusermodelusermodel模式需要将文件一次性全部读到内存中,07版的既然采用的存储模式是xml,解析用的DOM方式也是如此,这种模式操作简单,容易上手,但是对于大量数据占用的内存也是相当可观,在Eclipse中经常出现内存溢出。

下面就是采用eventusermodel07excel文件读取。

同上篇,我将当前行的单元格数据存储到List中,抽象出 optRows 方法,该方法会在每行末尾时调用,方法参数为当前行索引curRow(int)及存有行内单元格数据的List。继承类只需实现该行级方法即可。

 

补充:今天发现读取2007的脚本存在存在一处问题,在遇到空单元格时会跳过该单元格,由于工作紧张没有时间去解决该问题,这里给出一个暂时的处理办法。打开文件,在开始菜单中选择"查找和选择""定位条件",选择"空值",确定,这时会找出所有的空单元格,直接按空格,然后Ctrl+enter,就会将所有空单元格填入一个空格,保存即可。

2010.6.10补充:空单元格的问题已经解决,在2007的文档中空单元格是不存储的,单元格的r属性是单元格位置信息,格式为[A-Z]+[0-9]+。字母部分是列索引,数字部分是行索引。

抽象类:XxlsAbstract ,作用:遍历excel文件,提供行级操作方法 optRows

Java代码

package com.gaosheng.util.xls;

 

import java.io.InputStream;

import java.sql.SQLException;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import java.util.Iterator;

import java.util.List;

import org.apache.poi.xssf.eventusermodel.XSSFReader;

import org.apache.poi.xssf.model.SharedStringsTable;

import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFRichTextString;

import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.opc.OPCPackage;

import org.xml.sax.Attributes;

import org.xml.sax.InputSource;

import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;

import org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler;

import org.xml.sax.helpers.XMLReaderFactory;

 

/**

* XSSF and SAX (Event API)

*/

public abstract class XxlsAbstract extends DefaultHandler {

private SharedStringsTable sst;

private String lastContents;

private boolean nextIsString;

 

private int sheetIndex = -1;

private List<String> rowlist = new ArrayList<String>();

private int curRow = 0; //当前行

private int curCol = 0; //当前列索引

private int preCol = 0; //上一列列索引

private int titleRow = 0; //标题行,一般情况下为0

private int rowsize = 0; //列数

 

//excel记录行操作方法,以行索引和行元素列表为参数,对一行元素进行操作,元素为String类型

// public abstract void optRows(int curRow, List<String> rowlist) throws SQLException ;

 

//excel记录行操作方法,以sheet索引,行索引和行元素列表为参数,对sheet的一行元素进行操作,元素为String类型

public abstract void optRows(int sheetIndex,int curRow, List<String> rowlist) throws SQLException;

 

//只遍历一个sheet,其中sheetId为要遍历的sheet索引,从1开始,1-3

public void processOneSheet(String filename,int sheetId) throws Exception {

OPCPackage pkg = OPCPackage.open(filename);

XSSFReader r = new XSSFReader(pkg);

SharedStringsTable sst = r.getSharedStringsTable();

 

XMLReader parser = fetchSheetParser(sst);

 

// rId2 found by processing the Workbook

// 根据 rId# rSheet# 查找sheet

InputStream sheet2 = r.getSheet("rId"+sheetId);

sheetIndex++;

InputSource sheetSource = new InputSource(sheet2);

parser.parse(sheetSource);

sheet2.close();

}

 

/**

* 遍历 excel 文件

*/

public void process(String filename) throws Exception {

OPCPackage pkg = OPCPackage.open(filename);

XSSFReader r = new XSSFReader(pkg);

SharedStringsTable sst = r.getSharedStringsTable();

 

XMLReader parser = fetchSheetParser(sst);

 

Iterator<InputStream> sheets = r.getSheetsData();

while (sheets.hasNext()) {

curRow = 0;

sheetIndex++;

InputStream sheet = sheets.next();

InputSource sheetSource = new InputSource(sheet);

parser.parse(sheetSource);

sheet.close();

}

}

 

public XMLReader fetchSheetParser(SharedStringsTable sst)

throws SAXException {

XMLReader parser = XMLReaderFactory

.createXMLReader("org.apache.xerces.parsers.SAXParser");

this.sst = sst;

parser.setContentHandler(this);

return parser;

}

 

public void startElement(String uri, String localName, String name,

Attributes attributes) throws SAXException {

// c => 单元格

if (name.equals("c")) {

// 如果下一个元素是 SST 的索引,则将nextIsString标记为true

String cellType = attributes.getValue("t");

String rowStr = attributes.getValue("r");

curCol = this.getRowIndex(rowStr);

if (cellType != null && cellType.equals("s")) {

nextIsString = true;

} else {

nextIsString = false;

}

}

// 置空

lastContents = "";

}

 

public void endElement(String uri, String localName, String name)

throws SAXException {

// 根据SST的索引值的到单元格的真正要存储的字符串

// 这时characters()方法可能会被调用多次

if (nextIsString) {

try {

int idx = Integer.parseInt(lastContents);

lastContents = new XSSFRichTextString(sst.getEntryAt(idx))

.toString();

} catch (Exception e) {

 

}

}

 

// v => 单元格的值,如果单元格是字符串则v标签的值为该字符串在SST中的索引

// 将单元格内容加入rowlist中,在这之前先去掉字符串前后的空白符

if (name.equals("v")) {

String value = lastContents.trim();

value = value.equals("")?" ":value;

int cols = curCol-preCol;

if (cols>1){

for (int i = 0;i < cols-1;i++){

rowlist.add(preCol,"");

}

}

preCol = curCol;

rowlist.add(curCol-1, value);

}else {

//如果标签名称为 row ,这说明已到行尾,调用 optRows() 方法

if (name.equals("row")) {

int tmpCols = rowlist.size();

if(curRow>this.titleRow && tmpCols<this.rowsize){

for (int i = 0;i < this.rowsize-tmpCols;i++){

rowlist.add(rowlist.size(), "");

}

}

try {

optRows(sheetIndex,curRow,rowlist);

} catch (SQLException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

if(curRow==this.titleRow){

this.rowsize = rowlist.size();

}

rowlist.clear();

curRow++;

curCol = 0;

preCol = 0;

}

}

}

 

public void characters(char[] ch, int start, int length)

throws SAXException {

//得到单元格内容的值

lastContents += new String(ch, start, length);

}

 

//得到列索引,每一列c元素的r属性构成为字母加数字的形式,字母组合为列索引,数字组合为行索引,

//AB45,表示为第(A-A+1*26+B-A+1*26列,45

public int getRowIndex(String rowStr){

rowStr = rowStr.replaceAll("[^A-Z]", "");

byte[] rowAbc = rowStr.getBytes();

int len = rowAbc.length;

float num = 0;

for (int i=0;i<len;i++){

num += (rowAbc[i]-'A'+1)*Math.pow(26,len-i-1 );

}

return (int) num;

}

 

public int getTitleRow() {

return titleRow;

}

 

public void setTitleRow(int titleRow) {

this.titleRow = titleRow;

}

}

package com.gaosheng.util.xls;

 

import java.io.InputStream;

import java.sql.SQLException;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import java.util.Iterator;

import java.util.List;

 

import org.apache.poi.xssf.eventusermodel.XSSFReader;

import org.apache.poi.xssf.model.SharedStringsTable;

import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFRichTextString;

import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.opc.OPCPackage;

import org.xml.sax.Attributes;

import org.xml.sax.InputSource;

import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;

import org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler;

import org.xml.sax.helpers.XMLReaderFactory;

 

/**

 * XSSF and SAX (Event API)

 */

public abstract class XxlsAbstract extends DefaultHandler {

       private SharedStringsTable sst;

       private String lastContents;

       private boolean nextIsString;

 

       private int sheetIndex = -1;

       private List<String> rowlist = new ArrayList<String>();

       private int curRow = 0;         //当前行

       private int curCol = 0;          //当前列索引

       private int preCol = 0;          //上一列列索引

       private int titleRow = 0; //标题行,一般情况下为0

       private int rowsize = 0;  //列数

      

       //excel记录行操作方法,以行索引和行元素列表为参数,对一行元素进行操作,元素为String类型

//     public abstract void optRows(int curRow, List<String> rowlist) throws SQLException ;

      

       //excel记录行操作方法,以sheet索引,行索引和行元素列表为参数,对sheet的一行元素进行操作,元素为String类型

       public abstract void optRows(int sheetIndex,int curRow, List<String> rowlist) throws SQLException;

      

       //只遍历一个sheet,其中sheetId为要遍历的sheet索引,从1开始,1-3

       public void processOneSheet(String filename,int sheetId) throws Exception {

              OPCPackage pkg = OPCPackage.open(filename);

              XSSFReader r = new XSSFReader(pkg);

              SharedStringsTable sst = r.getSharedStringsTable();

             

              XMLReader parser = fetchSheetParser(sst);

 

              // rId2 found by processing the Workbook

              // 根据 rId# rSheet# 查找sheet

              InputStream sheet2 = r.getSheet("rId"+sheetId);

              sheetIndex++;

              InputSource sheetSource = new InputSource(sheet2);

              parser.parse(sheetSource);

              sheet2.close();

       }

 

       /**

        * 遍历 excel 文件

        */

       public void process(String filename) throws Exception {

              OPCPackage pkg = OPCPackage.open(filename);

              XSSFReader r = new XSSFReader(pkg);

              SharedStringsTable sst = r.getSharedStringsTable();

 

              XMLReader parser = fetchSheetParser(sst);

 

              Iterator<InputStream> sheets = r.getSheetsData();

              while (sheets.hasNext()) {

                     curRow = 0;

                     sheetIndex++;

                     InputStream sheet = sheets.next();

                     InputSource sheetSource = new InputSource(sheet);

                     parser.parse(sheetSource);

                     sheet.close();

              }

       }

 

       public XMLReader fetchSheetParser(SharedStringsTable sst)

                     throws SAXException {

              XMLReader parser = XMLReaderFactory

                            .createXMLReader("org.apache.xerces.parsers.SAXParser");

              this.sst = sst;

              parser.setContentHandler(this);

              return parser;

       }

 

       public void startElement(String uri, String localName, String name,

                     Attributes attributes) throws SAXException {

              // c => 单元格

              if (name.equals("c")) {

                     // 如果下一个元素是 SST 的索引,则将nextIsString标记为true

                     String cellType = attributes.getValue("t");

                     String rowStr = attributes.getValue("r");

                     curCol = this.getRowIndex(rowStr);

                     if (cellType != null && cellType.equals("s")) {

                            nextIsString = true;

                     } else {

                            nextIsString = false;

                     }

              }

              // 置空

              lastContents = "";

       }

 

       public void endElement(String uri, String localName, String name)

                     throws SAXException {

              // 根据SST的索引值的到单元格的真正要存储的字符串

              // 这时characters()方法可能会被调用多次

              if (nextIsString) {

                     try {

                            int idx = Integer.parseInt(lastContents);

                            lastContents = new XSSFRichTextString(sst.getEntryAt(idx))

                                          .toString();

                     } catch (Exception e) {

 

                     }

              }

 

              // v => 单元格的值,如果单元格是字符串则v标签的值为该字符串在SST中的索引

              // 将单元格内容加入rowlist中,在这之前先去掉字符串前后的空白符

              if (name.equals("v")) {

                     String value = lastContents.trim();

                     value = value.equals("")?" ":value;

                     int cols = curCol-preCol;

                     if (cols>1){

                            for (int i = 0;i < cols-1;i++){

                                   rowlist.add(preCol,"");

                            }

                     }

                     preCol = curCol;

                     rowlist.add(curCol-1, value);

              }else {

                     //如果标签名称为 row ,这说明已到行尾,调用 optRows() 方法

                     if (name.equals("row")) {

                            int tmpCols = rowlist.size();

                            if(curRow>this.titleRow && tmpCols<this.rowsize){

                                   for (int i = 0;i < this.rowsize-tmpCols;i++){

                                          rowlist.add(rowlist.size(), "");

                                   }

                            }

                            try {

                                   optRows(sheetIndex,curRow,rowlist);

                            } catch (SQLException e) {

                                   e.printStackTrace();

                            }

                            if(curRow==this.titleRow){

                                   this.rowsize = rowlist.size();

                            }

                            rowlist.clear();

                            curRow++;

                            curCol = 0;

                            preCol = 0;

                     }

              }

       }

 

       public void characters(char[] ch, int start, int length)

                     throws SAXException {

              //得到单元格内容的值

              lastContents += new String(ch, start, length);

       }

      

       //得到列索引,每一列c元素的r属性构成为字母加数字的形式,字母组合为列索引,数字组合为行索引,

       //AB45,表示为第(A-A+1*26+B-A+1*26列,45

       public int getRowIndex(String rowStr){

              rowStr = rowStr.replaceAll("[^A-Z]", "");

              byte[] rowAbc = rowStr.getBytes();

              int len = rowAbc.length;

              float num = 0;

              for (int i=0;i<len;i++){

                     num += (rowAbc[i]-'A'+1)*Math.pow(26,len-i-1 );

              }

              return (int) num;

       }

 

       public int getTitleRow() {

              return titleRow;

       }

 

       public void setTitleRow(int titleRow) {

              this.titleRow = titleRow;

       }

}

 

继承类:XxlsBig,作用:将数据转出到数据库临时表

Java代码

package com.gaosheng.util.examples.xls;

 

import java.io.FileInputStream;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.sql.Connection;

import java.sql.DriverManager;

import java.sql.PreparedStatement;

import java.sql.SQLException;

import java.sql.Statement;

import java.util.List;

import java.util.Properties;

 

import com.gaosheng.util.xls.XxlsAbstract;

 

public class XxlsBig extends XxlsAbstract {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

XxlsBig howto = new XxlsBig("temp_table");

howto.processOneSheet("F:/new.xlsx",1);

howto.process("F:/new.xlsx");

howto.close();

}

 

public XxlsBig(String tableName) throws SQLException{

this.conn = getNew_Conn();

this.statement = conn.createStatement();

this.tableName = tableName;

}

 

private Connection conn = null;

private Statement statement = null;

private PreparedStatement newStatement = null;

 

private String tableName = "temp_table";

private boolean create = true;

 

public void optRows(int sheetIndex,int curRow, List<String> rowlist) throws SQLException {

if (sheetIndex == 0 && curRow == 0) {

StringBuffer preSql = new StringBuffer("insert into " + tableName

+ " values(");

StringBuffer table = new StringBuffer("create table " + tableName

+ "(");

int c = rowlist.size();

for (int i = 0; i < c; i++) {

preSql.append("?,");

table.append(rowlist.get(i));

table.append(" varchar2(100) ,");

}

 

table.deleteCharAt(table.length() - 1);

preSql.deleteCharAt(preSql.length() - 1);

table.append(")");

preSql.append(")");

if (create) {

statement = conn.createStatement();

try{

statement.execute("drop table "+tableName);

}catch(Exception e){

 

}finally{

System.out.println(" "+tableName+" 删除成功");

}

if (!statement.execute(table.toString())) {

System.out.println("创建表 "+tableName+" 成功");

// return;

} else {

System.out.println("创建表 "+tableName+" 失败");

return;

}

}

conn.setAutoCommit(false);

newStatement = conn.prepareStatement(preSql.toString());

 

} else if(curRow>0) {

// 一般行

int col = rowlist.size();

for (int i = 0; i < col; i++) {

newStatement.setString(i + 1, rowlist.get(i).toString());

}

newStatement.addBatch();

if (curRow % 1000 == 0) {

newStatement.executeBatch();

conn.commit();

}

}

}

 

private static Connection getNew_Conn() {

Connection conn = null;

Properties props = new Properties();

FileInputStream fis = null;

 

try {

fis = new FileInputStream("D:/database.properties");

props.load(fis);

DriverManager.registerDriver(new oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver());

// String jdbcURLString =

// "jdbc:oracle:thin:@192.168.0.28:1521:orcl";

StringBuffer jdbcURLString = new StringBuffer();

jdbcURLString.append("jdbc:oracle:thin:@");

jdbcURLString.append(props.getProperty("host"));

jdbcURLString.append(":");

jdbcURLString.append(props.getProperty("port"));

jdbcURLString.append(":");

jdbcURLString.append(props.getProperty("database"));

conn = DriverManager.getConnection(jdbcURLString.toString(), props

.getProperty("user"), props.getProperty("password"));

} catch (Exception e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} finally {

try {

fis.close();

} catch (IOException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

}

return conn;

}

 

public int close() {

try {

newStatement.executeBatch();

conn.commit();

System.out.println("数据写入完毕");

this.newStatement.close();

this.statement.close();

this.conn.close();

return 1;

} catch (SQLException e) {

return 0;

}

}

}

package com.gaosheng.util.examples.xls;

 

import java.io.FileInputStream;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.sql.Connection;

import java.sql.DriverManager;

import java.sql.PreparedStatement;

import java.sql.SQLException;

import java.sql.Statement;

import java.util.List;

import java.util.Properties;

 

import com.gaosheng.util.xls.XxlsAbstract;

 

public class XxlsBig extends XxlsAbstract {

       public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

              XxlsBig howto = new XxlsBig("temp_table");

              howto.processOneSheet("F:/new.xlsx",1);

              howto.process("F:/new.xlsx");

              howto.close();

       }

      

       public XxlsBig(String tableName) throws SQLException{

              this.conn = getNew_Conn();

              this.statement = conn.createStatement();

              this.tableName = tableName;

       }

 

       private Connection conn = null;

       private Statement statement = null;

       private PreparedStatement newStatement = null;

 

       private String tableName = "temp_table";

       private boolean create = true;

      

       public void optRows(int sheetIndex,int curRow, List<String> rowlist) throws SQLException {

              if (sheetIndex == 0 && curRow == 0) {

                     StringBuffer preSql = new StringBuffer("insert into " + tableName

                                   + " values(");

                     StringBuffer table = new StringBuffer("create table " + tableName

                                   + "(");

                     int c = rowlist.size();

                     for (int i = 0; i < c; i++) {

                            preSql.append("?,");

                            table.append(rowlist.get(i));

                            table.append("  varchar2(100) ,");

                     }

 

                     table.deleteCharAt(table.length() - 1);

                     preSql.deleteCharAt(preSql.length() - 1);

                     table.append(")");

                     preSql.append(")");

                     if (create) {

                            statement = conn.createStatement();

                            try{

                                   statement.execute("drop table "+tableName);

                            }catch(Exception e){

                                  

                            }finally{

                                   System.out.println(" "+tableName+" 删除成功");

                            }

                            if (!statement.execute(table.toString())) {

                                   System.out.println("创建表 "+tableName+" 成功");

                                   // return;

                            } else {

                                   System.out.println("创建表 "+tableName+" 失败");

                                   return;

                            }

                     }

                     conn.setAutoCommit(false);

                     newStatement = conn.prepareStatement(preSql.toString());

 

              } else if(curRow>0) {

                     // 一般行

                     int col = rowlist.size();

                     for (int i = 0; i < col; i++) {

                            newStatement.setString(i + 1, rowlist.get(i).toString());

                     }

                     newStatement.addBatch();

                     if (curRow % 1000 == 0) {

                            newStatement.executeBatch();

                            conn.commit();

                     }

              }

       }

      

    private static Connection getNew_Conn() {

        Connection conn = null;

        Properties props = new Properties();

        FileInputStream fis = null;

 

        try {

            fis = new FileInputStream("D:/database.properties");

            props.load(fis);

            DriverManager.registerDriver(new oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver());

            // String jdbcURLString =

            // "jdbc:oracle:thin:@192.168.0.28:1521:orcl";

            StringBuffer jdbcURLString = new StringBuffer();

            jdbcURLString.append("jdbc:oracle:thin:@");

            jdbcURLString.append(props.getProperty("host"));

            jdbcURLString.append(":");

            jdbcURLString.append(props.getProperty("port"));

            jdbcURLString.append(":");

            jdbcURLString.append(props.getProperty("database"));

            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(jdbcURLString.toString(), props

                    .getProperty("user"), props.getProperty("password"));

        } catch (Exception e) {

            e.printStackTrace();

        } finally {

            try {

                fis.close();

            } catch (IOException e) {

                e.printStackTrace();

            }

        }

        return conn;

    }

   

       public int close() {

              try {

                     newStatement.executeBatch();

                     conn.commit();

                     System.out.println("数据写入完毕");

                     this.newStatement.close();

                     this.statement.close();

                     this.conn.close();

                     return 1;

              } catch (SQLException e) {

                     return 0;

              }

       }

}

继承类:XxlsPrint,作用:将数据输出到控制台

Java代码

package com.gaosheng.util.examples.xls;

 

import java.sql.SQLException;

import java.util.List;

 

import com.gaosheng.util.xls.XxlsAbstract;

 

public class XxlsPrint extends XxlsAbstract {

 

@Override

public void optRows(int sheetIndex,int curRow, List<String> rowlist) throws SQLException {

for (int i = 0; i < rowlist.size(); i++) {

System.out.print("'" + rowlist.get(i) + "',");

}

System.out.println();

}

 

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

XxlsPrint howto = new XxlsPrint();

howto.processOneSheet("F:/new.xlsx",1);

// howto.processAllSheets("F:/new.xlsx");

}

}

package com.gaosheng.util.examples.xls;

 

import java.sql.SQLException;

import java.util.List;

 

import com.gaosheng.util.xls.XxlsAbstract;

 

public class XxlsPrint extends XxlsAbstract {

 

       @Override

       public void optRows(int sheetIndex,int curRow, List<String> rowlist) throws SQLException {

              for (int i = 0; i < rowlist.size(); i++) {

                     System.out.print("'" + rowlist.get(i) + "',");

              }

              System.out.println();

       }

 

       public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

              XxlsPrint howto = new XxlsPrint();

              howto.processOneSheet("F:/new.xlsx",1);

//            howto.processAllSheets("F:/new.xlsx");

       }

}

源代码在附件中,还包含了说明文件、数据库配置文件、以及整合xls文件和xlsx文件读取的类:Xls2Do

excelutil.zip (87.6 KB)

下载次数: 65

 

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。

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