Spring Cache抽象-使用Java类注解的方式整合EhCache

原创 2017年10月04日 08:44:12

概述

Spring Cache抽象-之缓存注解这篇博文中我们介绍了SpringCache抽象注解的使用方式

既然这是一个抽象,我们需要一个具体的缓存存储实现。比价流行的有:基于JDK java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap的缓存,EhCache,Gemfire缓存,Caffeine,Guava缓存和兼容JSR-107的缓存等等。这里我们使用Ehcache来实现这个缓存。

同时,我们使用EhCacheManagerFactoryBean的configLocation属性指定Ehcache的设置。如果未明确指定,则默认为ehcache.xml。


工程结构

这里写图片描述

以及EhCache的配置文件:

这里写图片描述

pom.xml 关键的依赖

<properties>            <springframework.version>4.3.9.RELEASE</springframework.version>
 <ehcache.version>2.10.4</ehcache.version>       
</properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>${springframework.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>${springframework.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>${springframework.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- EHCache -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>net.sf.ehcache</groupId>
            <artifactId>ehcache</artifactId>
           <version>${ehcache.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- SLF4J/Logback -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
            <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.7</version>
        </dependency>     
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.2</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.7</source>
                    <target>1.7</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

ehcache.xml

<ehcache xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="ehcache.xsd" 
    updateCheck="true"
    monitoring="autodetect" 
    dynamicConfig="true">
    <diskStore path="java.io.tmpdir" />
    <cache name="products" 
        maxEntriesLocalHeap="100"
        maxEntriesLocalDisk="1000" 
        eternal="false" 
        timeToIdleSeconds="300" 
        timeToLiveSeconds="600"
        memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LFU" 
        transactionalMode="off">
        <persistence strategy="localTempSwap" />
    </cache>
</ehcache>
  • 我们设置一个名为’products’的缓存。

  • 最多100个products将保存在内存[堆叠]存储中,

  • 最多1000个products将被保留在DiskStore中

  • 指定的路径为“java.io.tmpdir”,它指的是默认的临时文件路径。

  • 如果product闲置超过5分钟,寿命超过10分钟,products缓存将会过期


实体类

package com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain;

import java.io.Serializable;

public class Product implements Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 123L;
    private String name;
    private double price;

    /**
     * 
     * 
     * @Title:Product
     * 
     * @Description:构造函数
     * 
     * @param name
     * @param price
     */
    public Product(String name, double price) {
        this.name = name;
        this.price = price;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public double getPrice() {
        return price;
    }

    public void setPrice(double price) {
        this.price = price;
    }

}

Product接口

package com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.service;

import com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product;

public interface ProductService {

    Product getByName(String name);

    Product updateProduct(Product product);

    void refreshAllProducts();
}

接口实现类 及缓存配置

package com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.service;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.CacheEvict;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.CachePut;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.Cacheable;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product;

/**
 * 
 * 
 * @ClassName: ProductServiceImpl
 * 
 * @Description:@Service标注的服务层
 * 
 * @author: Mr.Yang
 * 
 * @date: 2017年10月3日 下午5:22:30
 */

@Service("productService")
public class ProductServiceImpl implements ProductService {

    private static final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(ProductServiceImpl.class);

    private static List<Product> products;

    static {
        products = getDummyProducts();
    }

    @Cacheable(cacheNames = "products", key = "#name", condition = "#name != 'HTC'", unless = "#result==null")
    @Override
    public Product getByName(String name) {
        logger.info("<!----------Entering getByName()--------------------->");
        for (Product product : products) {
            if (product.getName().equalsIgnoreCase(name)) {
                return product;
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    @CachePut(cacheNames = "products", key = "#product.name", unless = "#result==null")
    @Override
    public Product updateProduct(Product product) {
        logger.info("<!----------Entering updateProduct()--------------------->");
        for (Product p : products) {
            if (p.getName().equalsIgnoreCase(product.getName())) {
                p.setPrice(product.getPrice());
                return p;
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    @CacheEvict(cacheNames = "products", allEntries = true)
    @Override
    public void refreshAllProducts() {

    }

    private static List<Product> getDummyProducts() {
        products = new ArrayList<Product>();
        products.add(new Product("IPhone", 500));
        products.add(new Product("Samsung", 600));
        products.add(new Product("HTC", 800));
        return products;
    }


}

关键配置类 ,以及加载enhance

package com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.configuration;

import org.springframework.cache.CacheManager;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.EnableCaching;
import org.springframework.cache.ehcache.EhCacheCacheManager;
import org.springframework.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManagerFactoryBean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource;

@EnableCaching
@Configuration
@ComponentScan(basePackages = "com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache")
public class AppConfig {

    @Bean
    public CacheManager cacheManager() {
        return new EhCacheCacheManager(ehCacheCacheManager().getObject());
    }

    @Bean
    public EhCacheManagerFactoryBean ehCacheCacheManager() {
        EhCacheManagerFactoryBean factory = new EhCacheManagerFactoryBean();
        factory.setConfigLocation(new ClassPathResource("ehcache/ehcache.xml"));
        factory.setShared(true);
        return factory;
    }
}

单元测试

package com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.junit.After;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext;

import com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.configuration.AppConfig;
import com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product;
import com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.service.ProductService;

public class SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest {

    private static final Logger logger = Logger
            .getLogger(SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.class);

    AbstractApplicationContext context = null;

    @Before
    public void initContext() {
        context = new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext(AppConfig.class);

    }

    @Test
    public void test() {
        ProductService service = (ProductService) context
                .getBean("productService");

        logger.info("IPhone ->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));
        logger.info("IPhone ->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));
        logger.info("IPhone ->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));

        logger.info("HTC ->" + service.getByName("HTC"));
        logger.info("HTC ->" + service.getByName("HTC"));
        logger.info("HTC ->" + service.getByName("HTC"));

        Product product = new Product("IPhone", 550);
        service.updateProduct(product);

        logger.info("IPhone ->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));
        logger.info("IPhone ->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));
        logger.info("IPhone ->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));

        logger.info("Refreshing all products");

        service.refreshAllProducts();
        logger.info("IPhone [after refresh]->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));
        logger.info("IPhone [after refresh]->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));
        logger.info("IPhone [after refresh]->" + service.getByName("IPhone"));
    }

    @After
    public void releaseContext() {
        ((AbstractApplicationContext) context).close();
    }

}

输出结果分析

2017-10-03 20:54:55,026  INFO [main] (AbstractApplicationContext.java:583) - Refreshing org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@7bd1a567: startup date [Tue Oct 03 20:54:55 BOT 2017]; root of context hierarchy
2017-10-03 20:54:55,858  INFO [main] (EhCacheManagerFactoryBean.java:130) - Initializing EhCache CacheManager
2017-10-03 20:54:56,711  INFO [main] (ProductServiceImpl.java:40) - <!----------Entering getByName()--------------------->
2017-10-03 20:54:56,715  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:32) - IPhone ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,716  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:33) - IPhone ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,716  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:34) - IPhone ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,717  INFO [main] (ProductServiceImpl.java:40) - <!----------Entering getByName()--------------------->
2017-10-03 20:54:56,717  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:36) - HTC ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@68c06cac
2017-10-03 20:54:56,717  INFO [main] (ProductServiceImpl.java:40) - <!----------Entering getByName()--------------------->
2017-10-03 20:54:56,717  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:37) - HTC ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@68c06cac
2017-10-03 20:54:56,718  INFO [main] (ProductServiceImpl.java:40) - <!----------Entering getByName()--------------------->
2017-10-03 20:54:56,718  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:38) - HTC ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@68c06cac
2017-10-03 20:54:56,724  INFO [main] (ProductServiceImpl.java:52) - <!----------Entering updateProduct()--------------------->
2017-10-03 20:54:56,734  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:43) - IPhone ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,735  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:44) - IPhone ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,735  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:45) - IPhone ->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,736  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:47) - Refreshing all products
2017-10-03 20:54:56,741  INFO [main] (ProductServiceImpl.java:40) - <!----------Entering getByName()--------------------->
2017-10-03 20:54:56,741  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:50) - IPhone [after refresh]->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,742  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:51) - IPhone [after refresh]->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,742  INFO [main] (SpringCacheWithEhCacheTest.java:52) - IPhone [after refresh]->com.xgj.cache.springCacheAnno.CompleteDemoWithEhCache.domain.Product@1a8f392
2017-10-03 20:54:56,742  INFO [main] (AbstractApplicationContext.java:984) - Closing org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@7bd1a567: startup date [Tue Oct 03 20:54:55 BOT 2017]; root of context hierarchy
2017-10-03 20:54:56,744  INFO [main] (EhCacheManagerFactoryBean.java:187) - Shutting down EhCache CacheManager

查看ProductServiceImpl中的 getName方法中的@Cacheable注解可知

@Cacheable(cacheNames = "products", key = "#name", condition = "#name != 'HTC'", unless = "#result==null")

HTC不缓存, 结果为空不缓存。

查看输出,第一次查询 IPhone Samsung HTC ,分别从慢速设备中加载, 当第二次第三次查询IPhone Samsung ,可以看到 并没有输出

logger.info("<!----------Entering getByName()--------------------->");

可知,其从缓存中加载。

因为不缓存HTC,所以每次查询HTC都从会执行方法,从慢速设备中查询。

当调用service.updateProduct(product); 我们使用的@CachePut注解更新缓存, 然后service.getByName(“IPhone”),缓存没有被清空,所以依然是从缓存中获取。

随后,service.refreshAllProducts(); 将缓存全部清掉,再此查询service.getByName(“IPhone”),然后再此查询可以看到输出了<!----------Entering getByName()--------------------->,紧接着的第二次第三次,是从缓存中获取的数据.


源码

代码已托管到Github—> https://github.com/yangshangwei/SpringMaster

版权声明:show me the code ,change the world

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