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【Leetcode】Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree

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题目链接:https://leetcode.com/problems/lowest-common-ancestor-of-a-binary-search-tree/

题目:

Given a binary search tree (BST), find the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of two given nodes in the BST.

According to the definition of LCA on Wikipedia: “The lowest common ancestor is defined between two nodes v and w as the lowest node in T that has both v and w as descendants (where we allow a node to be a descendant of itself).”

        _______6______
       /              \
    ___2__          ___8__
   /      \        /      \
   0      _4       7       9
         /  \
         3   5

For example, the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of nodes 2 and 8 is 6. Another example is LCA of nodes 2 and 4 is 2, since a node can be a descendant of itself according to the LCA definition.

思路:

因为是二分查找树,p/q的最低公共祖先结点一定p<root<q,所以可以根据这个关系来判断。

算法:

	public TreeNode lowestCommonAncestor(TreeNode root, TreeNode p, TreeNode q) {
		if (root.val > p.val && root.val < q.val) { //p.val<root.val<q.val,则root是p/q的父结点
			return root;
		}
		if (root.val > p.val && root.val > q.val) {//root.val>p.val,>q.val,则p/q最低祖先结点在root左子树
			return lowestCommonAncestor(root.left, p, q);
		}
		if (root.val < p.val && root.val < q.val) {
			return lowestCommonAncestor(root.right, p, q);
		}
		return root;
	}


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