QString -> unsigned char* :
QString str = "ABCD";
int length = str.length();
unsigned char* sequence = NULL;
sequence =(unsigned char*)qstrdup(str.toAscii().constData());
- sequence length = 5 --> ['A'] ['B'] ['C'] ['D'] ['/0']
- sequence is now "independant" from str
- sequence has to be deleted with -> delete  sequence
QString -> char:
const QByteArray ba = string.toAscii(); // make ba const, because modifying this array might otherwise invalidate the pointer
const char* sequence = ba.constData(); // now sequence will remain valid within the current scope.
The call to toAscii() creates a temporary QByteArray which goes out of scope when used like this:
char *sequence = string.toAscii().constData();
// sequence is now a dangling pointer!