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JavaWeb图形报表折线图

标签: 报表图形stringdatasetjfreechartsession
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步骤说明:
1,导入log4j.jar,jfreechart-0.9.18.jar,jdom.jar,jcommon-0.9.3.jar四个jar包

2,在某个包中写入Tuxin.java类

package com.mengya.util;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.io.PrintWriter;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;
import org.jfree.chart.ChartFactory;
import org.jfree.chart.ChartRenderingInfo;
import org.jfree.chart.ChartUtilities;
import org.jfree.chart.JFreeChart;
import org.jfree.chart.StandardLegend;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.NumberAxis;
import org.jfree.chart.entity.StandardEntityCollection;
import org.jfree.chart.plot.CategoryPlot;
import org.jfree.chart.plot.PlotOrientation;
import org.jfree.chart.renderer.LineAndShapeRenderer;
import org.jfree.chart.servlet.ServletUtilities;
import org.jfree.data.DefaultCategoryDataset;

public class Line
{
   private DefaultCategoryDataset dataset = new DefaultCategoryDataset();
    
   public void setValue(int sum, String line, String wfield)
   {
  
     dataset.addValue(sum, line, wfield);
    
   }
  
   public String generateLineChart(String title,String wfield, String hfield, HttpSession session, PrintWriter pw,int wPhoto,int hPhoto)
    {
     String filename = null;
   
    try
     {
         final JFreeChart chart = ChartFactory.createLineChart
           (
              title, // 图表标题
              wfield, // 横轴的显示标签
              hfield, // 纵轴的显示标签
              dataset, //数据集
              PlotOrientation.VERTICAL, // 图表方向:水平、垂直
              true, // 是否显示图例
              true, // 是否生成提示工具 tooltips
              false // 是否生成URL链接
         );
         StandardLegend legend = (StandardLegend) chart.getLegend();//生成图例
         legend.setDisplaySeriesShapes(true);//显示图例形状
         legend.setShapeScaleX(1.5);//设置图例X轴的大小
         legend.setShapeScaleY(1.5);//设置图例Y轴的大小
         legend.setDisplaySeriesLines(true);//显示图示项的横线
         //设置图片的背景色
         chart.setBackgroundPaint(new java.awt.Color(189,235,255));

         CategoryPlot plot = (CategoryPlot) chart.getPlot();
         plot.setBackgroundPaint(new Color(239,251,255));//生成图片中墙体的背景色
         plot.setRangeGridlinePaint(Color.black);//生成图片中格子线的颜色
        
         // 没有数据时显示的消息
         plot.setNoDataMessage("没有相关统计数据"); 
         plot.setNoDataMessageFont(new Font("黑体", Font.CENTER_BASELINE, 16));
         plot.setNoDataMessagePaint(Color.RED);
        
         NumberAxis rangeAxis = (NumberAxis) plot.getRangeAxis();
         rangeAxis.setStandardTickUnits(NumberAxis.createIntegerTickUnits());//设置图中的刻度线的单位
         rangeAxis.setAutoRangeIncludesZero(true);//强制在自动选择的数据范围中包含0
        
         LineAndShapeRenderer renderer = (LineAndShapeRenderer) plot.getRenderer();
         renderer.setDrawShapes(true);//折线的数据点根据分类使用不同的形状
         renderer.setItemLabelsVisible(true);//显示每个点上的数据值的提示工具,数据标签是否可见
        
        
         ChartRenderingInfo info = new ChartRenderingInfo(new
              StandardEntityCollection());
          //500是图片长度,300是图片高度
          filename = ServletUtilities.saveChartAsPNG(chart, wPhoto, hPhoto, info, session);
          ChartUtilities.writeImageMap(pw, filename, info);
          pw.flush();
     }
     catch(Exception e)
     {
      e.printStackTrace();
     }
     return filename;
    }
}

3,配置web.xml,在web.xml中添加如下内空:
 <servlet>
  <servlet-name>DisplayChart</servlet-name>
  <servlet-class>
   org.jfree.chart.servlet.DisplayChart
  </servlet-class>
 </servlet>
 <servlet-mapping>
  <servlet-name>DisplayChart</servlet-name>
  <url-pattern>/DisplayChart</url-pattern>
 </servlet-mapping>

 

4,在要显示图片的jsp中添加内容:
  <%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*,com.mengya.util.Line,com.mengya.bean.StuBean" pageEncoding="gbk"%>
<%@page import="java.io.PrintWriter;"%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
 <head>
  <title>折线图</title>
 </head>

 <body>
  <%
   Line tt = new Line();
   //第一条折线
   List ar = (ArrayList) request.getAttribute("arr1");
   for (int i = 0; i < ar.size(); i++) {
    StuBean bean = (StuBean) ar.get(i);
    tt.setValue((int) bean.getS_money(), "张明学个人消费比例图", bean.getS_month()+ "");
   }
   
   //条二条折线
   ar = (ArrayList) request.getAttribute("arr2");
   for (int i = 0; i < ar.size(); i++) {
    StuBean bean = (StuBean) ar.get(i);
    tt.setValue((int) bean.getS_money(), "梦娅个人消费比例图", bean.getS_month()+ "");
   }
   
   //说明:tt.setValue(int a,String b,String c)
   //其中的第二个参数b是该条折线的名字,每条折线的名字最好不要一样.
   
   String filename = tt.generateLineChart("个人消费比例图", "月      份",
     "费      用", session, new PrintWriter(out), 800, 550);

   String graphURL = request.getContextPath()
     + "/DisplayChart?filename=" + filename;
  %>
  <P ALIGN="CENTER">
  <img src="<%=graphURL %>" width=800 height=550 border=1 usemap="#<%=filename%>">
 </body>
</html>


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