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HttpURLConnection与HttpClient的Get与Post请求数据流程

标签: 网络数据HttpClientUrl
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HttpURLConnection与HttpClient的Get与Post请求数据流程
在开发一年的时间里,一直用着已经封装好的Volley框架,时间久了却忘记了基本的网络请求方式,问了把基础巩固,随便写写,加深自己对网络请求的认识:
网络请求有两种方式,HttpClient与HttpURLConnection,他们都可以做get和post请求。
下面一一来分析:
HttpClient的Get请求流程,详情见注释:

private void doHttpGet() {

        try {
            // 1,先对数据进行键值对的封装,键值对BasicNameValuePair
            List<BasicNameValuePair> list = new ArrayList<BasicNameValuePair>();
            list.add(new BasicNameValuePair("s", "ss"));
            list.add(new BasicNameValuePair("info", "from & jerry"));

            // 2,对数据进行编码,url的编码
            String data = URLEncodedUtils.format(list, "utf-8");
            //3.new 一个HttpClient对象
            HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
            //4.设置HttpClient对象的参数,即请求参数HttpConnectionParams
            HttpConnectionParams.setConnectionTimeout(client.getParams(), 3000);
            HttpConnectionParams.setSoTimeout(client.getParams(), 3000);
            //5.new一个HttpGet请求,并把数据跟在URL后面
            HttpGet get = new HttpGet("http://www.baidu.com/todo?" + data);
            //6.new 一个HttpResponse,相应对象,执行请求的返回相应对象
            HttpResponse response = client.execute(get);
            //7.得到相应数据,response.getEntity()
            if (HttpStatus.SC_OK == response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode()) {

                String str = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity());

            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

HttpClient的Post请求流程,与get请求大同小异,区别是post数据是放在实体对象中,详情见注释:

private void doHttpPost() {
        // 数据
        List<BasicNameValuePair> list = new ArrayList<BasicNameValuePair>();
        list.add(new BasicNameValuePair("s", "ss"));
        list.add(new BasicNameValuePair("info", "from & jerry"));

        HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();

        HttpConnectionParams.setConnectionTimeout(client.getParams(), 3000);
        HttpConnectionParams.setSoTimeout(client.getParams(), 3000);

        HttpPost post = new HttpPost("http://www.baidu.com");

        try {
            //设置键值对数据于UrlEncodedFormEntity 对象
            UrlEncodedFormEntity entity = new UrlEncodedFormEntity(list);
            //设置提交的表单实体对象
            post.setEntity(entity);
            HttpResponse response = client.execute(post);

            String result = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf-8");

        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }       
    }

HttpURLConnection的Get请求流程,详情见注释:

private void doUrlGet() {
        try {
            // 1,先对数据进行键值对的封装,键值对BasicNameValuePair
            List<BasicNameValuePair> list = new ArrayList<BasicNameValuePair>();
            list.add(new BasicNameValuePair("s", "ss"));
            list.add(new BasicNameValuePair("info", "from & jerry"));

            // 2,对数据进行编码,url的编码
            String data = URLEncodedUtils.format(list, "utf-8");
            //3.通过URL对象的openConnection()得到一个HttpURLConnection 对象
            URL url = new URL("http://www.baidu.com/todo?" + data);
            HttpURLConnection connection = (HttpURLConnection) url
                    .openConnection();

            //4.设置HttpURLConnection对象的参数,即请求参数
            connection.setRequestMethod("GET");// 必须大写
            connection.setDoInput(true);
            connection.setUseCaches(false);
            connection.setConnectTimeout(3000);
            connection.setReadTimeout(3000);

            //5.得到conn的输入流,即相应返回的数据
            InputStream in = connection.getInputStream();
            //6.读取数据
            //**********此处省略
            //7.关闭连接
            in.close();
            connection.disconnect();// 关闭连接
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

HttpURLConnection的Post请求流程,与get请求大同小异,区别是post数据是放在conn的输出流中,详情见注释:

private void doUrlPost() {
        try {
            List<BasicNameValuePair> list = new ArrayList<BasicNameValuePair>();
            list.add(new BasicNameValuePair("s", "ss"));
            list.add(new BasicNameValuePair("info", "from & jerry"));

            URL url = new URL("http://www.baidu.com/todo");
            HttpURLConnection connection = (HttpURLConnection) url
                    .openConnection();
            connection.setRequestMethod("POST");// post请求必须写,默认是get请求

            connection.setDoInput(true);// 发送数据
            connection.setDoOutput(true);// 接收数据

            connection.setDefaultUseCaches(false);
            connection.setRequestProperty("content-type", "application/x-form");

            connection.connect();
            String data = URLEncodedUtils.format(list, "utf-8");
            OutputStream out = connection.getOutputStream();// 先获得输出流,写数据,在获得输入流
            // 先发送,在接收

            out.write(data.getBytes());
            out.flush();
            out.close();

            InputStream in = connection.getInputStream();
            // 读取数据

            in.close();

        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

ok分析完成….

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