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部署NGINX+PHP+Thinkphp

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一直想用NGINX替换现有的APACHE,最近终于开始做了。

负载均衡+7台NGINX服务器作为后端。挺爽的,呵呵。开始做吧 。。。

一,安装NGINX

# yum install -y pcre pcre-devel
# yum install -y zlib zlib-devel
# yum install -y openssl openssl-devel
安装NGINX需要的依赖。


# mkdir nginx-src && cd nginx-src
# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.7.3.tar.gz
# tar xzf nginx-1.7.3.tar.gz 
# cd nginx-1.7.3

./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/nginx \
--with-http_realip_module \
--with-http_sub_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--with-http_stub_status_module  \
--with-pcre
#make

#make install

#ln -sf /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx  /usr/sbin

#nginx -t //成功了

修改nginx配置文件

> /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

“>” 这个符号之前阿铭介绍过,为重定向的意思,单独用它,可以把一个文本文档快速清空。

vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
user nobody nobody;
worker_processes 2;
error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit;
pid /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;


events
{
    use epoll;
    worker_connections 6000;
}


http
{
    include mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;
    server_names_hash_bucket_size 3526;
    server_names_hash_max_size 4096;
    log_format combined_realip '$remote_addr $http_x_forwarded_for [$time_local]'
    '$host "$request_uri" $status'
    '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent"';
    sendfile on;
    tcp_nopush on;
    keepalive_timeout 30;
    client_header_timeout 3m;
    client_body_timeout 3m;
    send_timeout 3m;
    connection_pool_size 256;
    client_header_buffer_size 1k;
    large_client_header_buffers 8 4k;
    request_pool_size 4k;
    output_buffers 4 32k;
    postpone_output 1460;
    client_max_body_size 10m;
    client_body_buffer_size 256k;
    client_body_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/client_body_temp;
    proxy_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/proxy_temp;
    fastcgi_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_temp;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    tcp_nodelay on; 
    gzip on; 
    gzip_min_length 1k; 
    gzip_buffers 4 8k;
    gzip_comp_level 5;
    gzip_http_version 1.1;
    gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css text/htm application/xml;

    
server
{   
    listen 80;
    server_name localhost;
    index index.php index.html index.htm;
    root /alidata/www/abc;
    #如果文件不存在则尝试TP解析
        try_files  $uri  /index.php$uri;
    location ~ .+\.php($|/){
        root /alidata/www/abc;
        index index.php
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-fcgi.sock;
        include fastcgi_params;
        set $path_info "";
set $real_script_name $fastcgi_script_name;
if ($fastcgi_script_name ~ "^(.+?.php)(/.+)$") {
    set $real_script_name $1;
    set $path_info $2;
}
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$real_script_name;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME $real_script_name;
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;
    }


}


}

# vi /etc/init.d/nginx

#!/bin/bash
# chkconfig: - 30 21
# description: http service.
# Source Function Library
. /etc/init.d/functions
# Nginx Settings


NGINX_SBIN="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
NGINX_CONF="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
NGINX_PID="/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid"
RETVAL=0
prog="Nginx"


start() {
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
        mkdir -p /dev/shm/nginx_temp
        daemon $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}


stop() {
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
        killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -TERM
        rm -rf /dev/shm/nginx_temp
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}


reload(){
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
        killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -HUP
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}


restart(){
        stop
        start
}

configtest(){
    $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF -t
    return 0
}
case "$1" in
  start)
        start
        ;;
  stop)
        stop
        ;;
  reload)
        reload
        ;;
  restart)
        restart
        ;;
  configtest)
        configtest
        ;;
  *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|reload|restart|configtest}"
        RETVAL=1
esac


exit $RETVAL


# 设置开机启动
# chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx
# chkconfig --add nginx
# chkconfig nginx on/off
# chkconfig --list nginx
nginx 0:off 1:off 2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off
安装PHP  和 php-fpm
请查看http://heilinux.blog.51cto.com/6123663/1575582
其中的配置:
 ./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/php \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \
--enable-fpm \
--with-fpm-user=php-fpm \
--with-fpm-group=php-fpm \
--with-mysql=mysqlnd \
--with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock \
--with-libxml-dir \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-iconv-dir \
--with-zlib-dir \
--with-mcrypt \
--enable-soap \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-ftp \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-exif \
--disable-ipv6 \
--with-pear \
--with-curl \
--with-openssl

配置php.ini以及php-fpm,并添加为启动项

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default.conf  php-fpm.conf

保存配置文件后,检验配置是否正确的方法为:

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t

如果出现诸如 “test is successful” 字样,说明配置没有问题。

启动php-fpm

vim /etc/init.d/php-fpm
输入一下内容:
[global]
pid = /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid
error_log = /usr/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.log
[www]
listen = /tmp/php-fcgi.sock
user = nobody
group = nobody
listen.owner = nobody
listen.group = nobody
pm = dynamic
pm.max_children = 50
pm.start_servers = 20
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 35
pm.max_requests = 500
rlimit_files = 1024

设置
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-fpm
service php-fpm start

如果想让它开机启动,执行:

chkconfig php-fpm on

检测是否启动:

ps aux |grep php-fpm
netstat -ant |grep 9000

添加 PHP 命令到环境变量

编辑 ~/.bash_profile,将:

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin
改为:
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:/usr/local/php56/bin

使 PHP 环境变量生效:

# . ~/.bash_profile

thinkphp关键的配置是在nginx的配置中的路由设置。

--

注意,如果用phpinfo()没发现Redis,可以看看 http://blog.csdn.net/yizdream/article/details/52314312


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