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能打开任何文件的API函数ShellExecute

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能打开任何文件〔包括桌面和URL快捷方式( .ink或 .url)〕的API函数ShellExecute
HINSTANCE ShellExecute(
    HWND hwnd,
    LPCTSTR lpOperation,
    LPCTSTR lpFile,
    LPCTSTR lpParameters,
    LPCTSTR lpDirectory,
    INT nShowCmd
)
ShellExecute取代了WinExec,可以给它任何文件的名字,它都能识别出来并打开它。
例如:
ShellExecute(NULL,"open","wash.rmvb",NULL,NULL,SW_SHOWNORMAL);
//使用缺省的rmvb播放器播放wash.rmvb
ShellExecute解析系统注册表HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT中所有的内容,判断启动那一个执行程序,并且启动一个新的实例或使用DDE将文件名连到一打开的实例。然后,ShellExecute 返回打开文件的应用的实例句柄。
ShellExecute还能识别其它协议,象Http、FTP、GOPHER。甚至识别“mailto”,如果文件名指向“mailto:chinawash@sohu.com”,它启动电子邮件程序并打开一个待编辑的新邮件。总之,ShellExecute函数就是如此简单地打开磁盘文件和Internet文件。如果将第二个参数“OPEN”改为“PRINT”或者“EXPLORE”,ShellExecute将能打印文件和打开文件夹。ShellExecute还有一个扩展函数ShellExecuteEx,所带参数中有一个特殊的结构,功能更强。

Q: 如何打开一个应用程序?
ShellExecute(this->m_hWnd,"open","calc.exe","","", SW_SHOW );

ShellExecute(this->m_hWnd,"open","notepad.exe",
"c://MyLog.log","",SW_SHOW );
As you can see, I havent passed the full path of the programs.

Q: 如何打开一个同系统程序相关连的文档?
ShellExecute(this->m_hWnd,"open",
"c://abc.txt","","",SW_SHOW );

Q: 如何打开一个网页?
ShellExecute(this->m_hWnd,"open",
" http://www.google.com","","", SW_SHOW );

Q: 如何激活相关程序,发送EMAIL?
ShellExecute(this->m_hWnd,"open",
"mailto:nishinapp@yahoo.com","","", SW_SHOW );

Q: 如何用系统打印机打印文档?
ShellExecute(this->m_hWnd,"print",
"c://abc.txt","","", SW_HIDE);

Q: 如何用系统查找功能来查找指定文件?
ShellExecute(m_hWnd,"find","d://nish",
NULL,NULL,SW_SHOW);

Q: 如何启动一个程序,直到它运行结束?
SHELLEXECUTEINFO ShExecInfo = {0};
ShExecInfo.cbSize = sizeof(SHELLEXECUTEINFO);
ShExecInfo.fMask = SEE_MASK_NOCLOSEPROCESS;
ShExecInfo.hwnd = NULL;
ShExecInfo.lpVerb = NULL;
ShExecInfo.lpFile = "c://MyProgram.exe";
ShExecInfo.lpParameters = "";
ShExecInfo.lpDirectory = NULL;
ShExecInfo.nShow = SW_SHOW;
ShExecInfo.hInstApp = NULL;
ShellExecuteEx(&ShExecInfo);
WaitForSingleObject(ShExecInfo.hProcess,INFINITE);
或:
PROCESS_INFORMATION ProcessInfo;
STARTUPINFO StartupInfo; //This is an [in] parameter
ZeroMemory(&StartupInfo, sizeof(StartupInfo));
StartupInfo.cb = sizeof StartupInfo ; //Only compulsory field
if(CreateProcess("c://winnt//notepad.exe", NULL,
NULL,NULL,FALSE,0,NULL,
NULL,&StartupInfo,&ProcessInfo))
{
WaitForSingleObject(ProcessInfo.hProcess,INFINITE);
CloseHandle(ProcessInfo.hThread);
CloseHandle(ProcessInfo.hProcess);
}
else
{
MessageBox("The process could not be started...");
}


Q: 如何显示文件或文件夹的属性?
SHELLEXECUTEINFO ShExecInfo ={0};
ShExecInfo.cbSize = sizeof(SHELLEXECUTEINFO);
ShExecInfo.fMask = SEE_MASK_INVOKEIDLIST ;
ShExecInfo.hwnd = NULL;
ShExecInfo.lpVerb = "properties";
ShExecInfo.lpFile = "c://"; //can be a file as well
ShExecInfo.lpParameters = "";
ShExecInfo.lpDirectory = NULL;
ShExecInfo.nShow = SW_SHOW;
ShExecInfo.hInstApp = NULL;
ShellExecuteEx(&ShExecInfo);



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