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zlib 1.1.4 手册(Published by spark.fandlr )

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zlib 1.1.4 手册



目录

  1.  
  2. 介绍
  3. 实用函数
  4. 基本函数
  5. 高级函数
  6. 常量
  7. z_stream_s结构
  8. Checksum 函数
  9. Misc



‘zlib’ general purpose compression library version 1.1.4, March 11th, 2002

Copyright (C) 1995-2002 Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler

This software is provided ‘as-is’, without any express or implied
warranty. In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages
arising from the use of this software.

允许任何人将本软件用于任何用途,包括商业应用,也允许自由的更改、重构它,但有如下限制:

  1. 不能改变本软件的原始出处;你不能声明自己是这个原始软件的作者.如果你在你的产品中使用本软件,希望能在文档中指出使用了本软件,但这并不是必须的。
  2. 修改后的文件必须明确的标明版本,并且不能跟原始版本信息冲突。
  3. 这个声明在任何文件架构中都不能删除或者修改。
Jean-loup Gailly

 

jloup@gzip.org

 

Mark Adler

 

madler@alumni.caltech.edu

 

The data format used by the zlib library is described by RFCs (Request for
Comments) 1950 to 1952 in the files

rfc1950.txt

(zlib format),

rfc1951.txt

(deflate format) and

rfc1952.txt

(gzip format).

This manual is converted from zlib.h by
piaip

Visit
http://www.zlib.org

for the official zlib web page.

 



介绍

The ‘zlib’ compression library provides in-memory compression and
decompression functions, including integrity checks of the uncompressed
data. This version of the library supports only one compression method
(deflation) but other algorithms will be added later and will have the same
stream interface.

Compression can be done in a single step if the buffers are large
enough (for example if an input file is mmap’ed), or can be done by
repeated calls of the compression function. In the latter case, the
application must provide more input and/or consume the output
(providing more output space) before each call.

The library also supports reading and writing files in gzip (.gz) format
with an interface similar to that of stdio.

The library does not install any signal handler. The decoder checks
the consistency of the compressed data, so the library should never
crash even in case of corrupted input.

 



实用函数

The following utility functions are implemented on top of the

Function list

  • int compress (Bytef *dest, uLongf *destLen, const Bytef *source, uLong sourceLen);
  • int compress2 (Bytef *dest, uLongf *destLen, const Bytef *source, uLong sourceLen, int level);
  • int uncompress (Bytef *dest, uLongf *destLen, const Bytef *source, uLong sourceLen);
  • typedef voidp gzFile;
  • gzFile gzopen (const char *path, const char *mode);
  • gzFile gzdopen (int fd, const char *mode);
  • int gzsetparams (gzFile file, int level, int strategy);
  • int gzread (gzFile file, voidp buf, unsigned len);
  • int gzwrite (gzFile file, const voidp buf, unsigned len);
  • int VA gzprintf (gzFile file, const char *format, …);
  • int gzputs (gzFile file, const char *s);
  • char * gzgets (gzFile file, char *buf, int len);
  • int gzputc (gzFile file, int c);
  • int gzgetc (gzFile file);
  • int gzflush (gzFile file, int flush);
  • z_off_t gzseek (gzFile file, z_off_t offset, int whence);
  • z_off_t gztell (gzFile file);
  • int gzrewind (gzFile file);
  • int gzeof (gzFile file);
  • int gzclose (gzFile file);
  • const char * gzerror (gzFile file, int *errnum);

函数介绍

int compress (Bytef *dest, uLongf *destLen, const Bytef *source, uLong sourceLen);

 

把源缓冲区里的内容压缩到目标缓冲区中.sourceLen是源缓冲区的大小. 在入口,destLen是目标缓冲区的大小,它必须至少比sourceLen - 12字节大0.1%。在出口, destLen是压缩后的缓冲区的实际大小。

可以使用这个函数压缩整个文件(如果这个文件是内存映射的文件的话).

如果成果,compress 返回Z_OK , 如果没有足够内存,返回Z_MEM_ERROR , 如果输出缓冲区大小不够,返回Z_BUF_ERROR .

int compress2 (Bytef *dest, uLongf *destLen, const Bytef *source, uLong sourceLen, int level);

 

把源缓冲区里的内容压缩到目标缓冲区中. level参数的意义跟deflateInit中的一样. 在入口,destLen是目标缓冲区的大小,它必须至少比sourceLen - 12字节大0.1%。在出口, destLen是压缩后的缓冲区的实际大小。

 

如果成功,compress2 返回Z_OK , 如果没有足够的内存,返回Z_MEM_ERROR , 如果输出缓冲区大小不够,返回Z_BUF_ERROR ,
如果level参数无效,返回 Z_STREAM_ERROR

int uncompress (Bytef *dest, uLongf *destLen, const Bytef *source, uLong sourceLen);

 

解压缩源缓冲区的内容到目标缓冲区中. sourceLen是源缓冲区的大小.在入口处,destLen是目标缓冲区的大小,它必须足够大以便能装下整个解压后的数据。 (解压的数据大小必须使用这个压缩库之外的机制由压缩器先保存,并传递给解压器。(笔者注:通常传递的destLen = sourceLen * 1.2))
在出口,destLen是目标缓冲区的实际大小。

这个函数可以用来解压整个文件,前提是文件是内存映射的。

如果成功,uncompress 返回Z_OK , 如果没有足够内存,返回Z_MEM_ERROR , 如果输出缓冲区不够大,返回Z_BUF_ERROR , 如果输入数据不完整,返回 Z_DATA_ERROR

 

typedef voidp gzFile;

 

gzFile gzopen (const char *path, const char *mode);

 

以读写的形式打开一个gzip (.gz)文件.参数mode跟fopen (”rb” 或者 “wb”)差不多,不同的是它可以包含一个压缩级别参数(”wb9″)或者一个策略:’f'用来过滤数据,比如”wb6f”, ‘h’ for
Huffman only compression as in “wb1h”. (更多信息查看deflateInit2.)

 

gzopen 可以读取非gzip格式的文件;在这种情况下gzread 将直接以非解压的形式从文件中读取数据。

如果文件无法打开,或者无法分配给(解)压缩state 足够的内存时,gzopen 返回NULL; 可以检查errno来区分这两种状态(如果errno是0,zlib error是Z_MEM_ERROR )。

gzFile gzdopen (int fd, const char *mode);

 

gzdopen() associates a gzFile with the file descriptor fd. File
descriptors are obtained from calls like open, dup, creat, pipe or
fileno (in the file has been previously opened with fopen).
The mode parameter is as in gzopen .

 

The next call of gzclose on the returned gzFile will also close the
file descriptor fd, just like fclose(fdopen(fd), mode) closes the file
descriptor fd. If you want to keep fd open, use gzdopen (dup(fd), mode).

gzdopen returns NULL if there was insufficient memory to allocate
the (de)compression state .

int gzsetparams (gzFile file, int level, int strategy);

 

Dynamically update the compression level or strategy. See the description
of deflateInit2 for the meaning of these parameters.

 

gzsetparams returns Z_OK if success, or Z_STREAM_ERROR if the file was not
opened for writing.

int gzread (gzFile file, voidp buf, unsigned len);

 

Reads the given number of uncompressed bytes from the compressed file.
If the input file was not in gzip format, gzread copies the given number
of bytes into the buffer.

 

gzread returns the number of uncompressed bytes actually read (0 for
end of file, -1 for error).

int gzwrite (gzFile file, const voidp buf, unsigned len);

 

Writes the given number of uncompressed bytes into the compressed file.
gzwrite returns the number of uncompressed bytes actually written
(0 in case of error).

 

int VA gzprintf (gzFile file, const char *format, …);

 

Converts, formats, and writes the args to the compressed file under
control of the format string, as in fprintf. gzprintf returns the number of
uncompressed bytes actually written (0 in case of error).

 

int gzputs (gzFile file, const char *s);

 

Writes the given null-terminated string to the compressed file, excluding
the terminating null character.

 

gzputs returns the number of characters written, or -1 in case of error.

char * gzgets (gzFile file, char *buf, int len);

 

Reads bytes from the compressed file until len-1 characters are read, or
a newline character is read and transferred to buf, or an end-of-file
condition is encountered. The string is then terminated with a null
character.

 

gzgets returns buf, or Z_NULL in case of error.

int gzputc (gzFile file, int c);

 

Writes c, converted to an unsigned char, into the compressed file.
gzputc returns the value that was written, or -1 in case of error.

 

int gzgetc (gzFile file);

 

Reads one byte from the compressed file. gzgetc returns this byte
or -1 in case of end of file or error.

 

int gzflush (gzFile file, int flush);

 

Flushes all pending output into the compressed file. The parameter
flush is as in the deflate() function. The return value is the zlib
error number (see function gzerror below). gzflush returns Z_OK if
the flush parameter is Z_FINISH and all output could be flushed.

 

gzflush should be called only when strictly necessary because it can
degrade compression.

z_off_t gzseek (gzFile file, z_off_t offset, int whence);

 

Sets the starting position for the next gzread or gzwrite on the
given compressed file. The offset represents a number of bytes in the
uncompressed data stream. The whence parameter is defined as in lseek(2);
the value SEEK_END is not supported.

 

If the file is opened for reading, this function is emulated but can be
extremely slow. If the file is opened for writing, only forward seeks are
supported ; gzseek then compresses a sequence of zeroes up to the new
starting position.

gzseek returns the resulting offset location as measured in bytes from
the beginning of the uncompressed stream, or -1 in case of error, in
particular if the file is opened for writing and the new starting position
would be before the current position.

int gzrewind (gzFile file);

 

Rewinds the given file. This function is supported only for reading.

 

gzrewind(file) is equivalent to (int)gzseek (file, 0L, SEEK_SET)

z_off_t gztell (gzFile file);

 

Returns the starting position for the next gzread or gzwrite on the
given compressed file. This position represents a number of bytes in the
uncompressed data stream.

 

gztell (file) is equivalent to gzseek (file, 0L, SEEK_CUR)

int gzeof (gzFile file);

 

Returns 1 when EOF has previously been detected reading the given
input stream, otherwise zero.

 

int gzclose (gzFile file);

 

Flushes all pending output if necessary, closes the compressed file
and deallocates all the (de)compression state . The return value is the zlib
error number (see function gzerror below).

 

const char * gzerror (gzFile file, int *errnum);

 

Returns the error message for the last error which occurred on the
given compressed file. errnum is set to zlib error number. If an
error occurred in the file system and not in the compression library,
errnum is set to Z_ERRNO and the application may consult errno
to get the exact error code.

 



Basic functions

Function list

Function description

const char * zlibVersion (void);

 

The application can compare zlibVersion and ZLIB_VERSION for consistency.
If the first character differs, the library code actually used is
not compatible with the zlib.h header file used by the application.
This check is automatically made by deflateInit and inflateInit .

 

int deflateInit (z_streamp strm, int level);

 

Initializes the internal stream state for compression. The fields
zalloc , zfree and opaque must be initialized before by the caller.
If zalloc and zfree are set to Z_NULL , deflateInit updates them to
use default allocation functions.

 

The compression level must be Z_DEFAULT_COMPRESSION , or between 0 and 9:
1 gives best speed, 9 gives best compression, 0 gives no compression at
all (the input data is simply copied a block at a time).

Z_DEFAULT_COMPRESSION requests a default compromise between speed and
compression (currently equivalent to level 6).

deflateInit returns Z_OK if success, Z_MEM_ERROR if there was not
enough memory, Z_STREAM_ERROR if level is not a valid compression level,
Z_VERSION_ERROR if the zlib library version (zlib_version ) is incompatible
with the version assumed by the caller (ZLIB_VERSION).
msg is set to null if there is no error message. deflateInit does not
perform any compression: this will be done by deflate ().

int deflate (z_streamp strm, int flush);

 

deflate compresses as much data as possible, and stops when the input
buffer becomes empty or the output buffer becomes full. It may introduce some
output latency (reading input without producing any output) except when
forced to flush.

The detailed semantics are as follows. deflate performs one or both of the
following actions:

  • Compress more input starting at next_in and update next_in and avail_in
    accordingly. If not all input can be processed (because there is not
    enough room in the output buffer), next_in and avail_in are updated and
    processing will resume at this point for the next call of deflate ().

     

  • Provide more output starting at next_out and update next_out and avail_out
    accordingly. This action is forced if the parameter flush is non zero.
    Forcing flush frequently degrades the compression ratio, so this parameter
    should be set only when necessary (in interactive applications).
    Some output may be provided even if flush is not set.

Before the call of deflate (), the application should ensure that at least
one of the actions is possible, by providing more input and/or consuming
more output, and updating avail_in or avail_out accordingly ; avail_out
should never be zero before the call. The application can consume the
compressed output when it wants, for example when the output buffer is full
(avail_out == 0), or after each call of deflate (). If deflate returns Z_OK
and with zero avail_out , it must be called again after making room in the
output buffer because there might be more output pending.

If the parameter flush is set to Z_SYNC_FLUSH , all pending output is
flushed to the output buffer and the output is aligned on a byte boundary, so
that the decompressor can get all input data available so far. (In particular
avail_in is zero after the call if enough output space has been provided
before the call.) Flushing may degrade compression for some compression
algorithms and so it should be used only when necessary.

If flush is set to Z_FULL_FLUSH , all output is flushed as with
Z_SYNC_FLUSH , and the compression state is reset so that decompression can
restart from this point if previous compressed data has been damaged or if
random access is desired. Using Z_FULL_FLUSH too often can seriously degrade
the compression.

If deflate returns with avail_out == 0, this function must be called again
with the same value of the flush parameter and more output space (updated
avail_out ), until the flush is complete (deflate returns with non-zero
avail_out ).

If the parameter flush is set to Z_FINISH , pending input is processed,
pending output is flushed and deflate returns with Z_STREAM_END if there
was enough output space ; if deflate returns with Z_OK , this function must be
called again with Z_FINISH and more output space (updated avail_out ) but no
more input data, until it returns with Z_STREAM_END or an error. After
deflate has returned Z_STREAM_END , the only possible operations on the
stream are deflateReset or deflateEnd .

Z_FINISH can be used immediately after deflateInit if all the compression
is to be done in a single step. In this case, avail_out must be at least
0.1% larger than avail_in plus 12 bytes. If deflate does not return
Z_STREAM_END , then it must be called again as described above.

deflate () sets strm-&gt adler to the adler32 checksum of all input read
so far (that is, total_in bytes).

deflate () may update data_type if it can make a good guess about
the input data type (Z_ASCII or Z_BINARY ). In doubt, the data is considered
binary. This field is only for information purposes and does not affect
the compression algorithm in any manner.

deflate () returns Z_OK if some progress has been made (more input
processed or more output produced), Z_STREAM_END if all input has been
consumed and all output has been produced (only when flush is set to
Z_FINISH ), Z_STREAM_ERROR if the stream state was inconsistent (for example
if next_in or next_out was NULL), Z_BUF_ERROR if no progress is possible
(for example avail_in or avail_out was zero).

int deflateEnd (z_streamp strm);

 

All dynamically allocated data structures for this stream are freed.
This function discards any unprocessed input and does not flush any
pending output.

 

deflateEnd returns Z_OK if success, Z_STREAM_ERROR if the
stream state was inconsistent, Z_DATA_ERROR if the stream was freed
prematurely (some input or output was discarded). In the error case,
msg may be set but then points to a static string (which must not be
deallocated).

int inflateInit (z_streamp strm);

 

Initializes the internal stream state for decompression. The fields
next_in , avail_in , zalloc , zfree and opaque must be initialized before by
the caller. If next_in is not Z_NULL and avail_in is large enough (the exact
value depends on the compression method), inflateInit determines the
compression method from the zlib header and allocates all data structures
accordingly ; otherwise the allocation will be deferred to the first call of
inflate . If zalloc and zfree are set to Z_NULL , inflateInit updates them to
use default allocation functions.

 

inflateInit returns Z_OK if success, Z_MEM_ERROR if there was not enough
memory, Z_VERSION_ERROR if the zlib library version is incompatible with the
version assumed by the caller. msg is set to null if there is no error
message. inflateInit does not perform any decompression apart from reading
the zlib header if present: this will be done by inflate (). (So next_in and
avail_in may be modified, but next_out and avail_out are unchanged.)

int inflate (z_streamp strm, int flush);

 

inflate decompresses as much data as possible, and stops when the input
buffer becomes empty or the output buffer becomes full. It may some
introduce some output latency (reading input without producing any output)
except when forced to flush.

 

The detailed semantics are as follows. inflate performs one or both of the
following actions:

  • Decompress more input starting at next_in and update next_in and avail_in
    accordingly. If not all input can be processed (because there is not
    enough room in the output buffer), next_in is updated and processing
    will resume at this point for the next call of inflate ().

     

  • Provide more output starting at next_out and update next_out and
    avail_out accordingly. inflate () provides as much output as possible,
    until there is no more input data or no more space in the output buffer
    (see below about the flush parameter).

Before the call of inflate (), the application should ensure that at least
one of the actions is possible, by providing more input and/or consuming
more output, and updating the next_* and avail_* values accordingly.
The application can consume the uncompressed output when it wants, for
example when the output buffer is full (avail_out == 0), or after each
call of inflate (). If inflate returns Z_OK and with zero avail_out , it
must be called again after making room in the output buffer because there
might be more output pending.

If the parameter flush is set to Z_SYNC_FLUSH , inflate flushes as much
output as possible to the output buffer. The flushing behavior of inflate is
not specified for values of the flush parameter other than Z_SYNC_FLUSH
and Z_FINISH , but the current implementation actually flushes as much output
as possible anyway.

inflate () should normally be called until it returns Z_STREAM_END or an
error. However if all decompression is to be performed in a single step
(a single call of inflate ), the parameter flush should be set to
Z_FINISH . In this case all pending input is processed and all pending
output is flushed ; avail_out must be large enough to hold all the
uncompressed data. (The size of the uncompressed data may have been saved
by the compressor for this purpose.) The next operation on this stream must
be inflateEnd to deallocate the decompression state . The use of Z_FINISH
is never required, but can be used to inform inflate that a faster routine
may be used for the single inflate () call.

If a preset dictionary is needed at this point (see inflateSetDictionary
below), inflate sets strm-adler to the adler32 checksum of the
dictionary chosen by the compressor and returns Z_NEED_DICT ; otherwise
it sets strm-&gt adler to the adler32 checksum of all output produced
so far (that is, total_out bytes) and returns Z_OK , Z_STREAM_END or
an error code as described below. At the end of the stream, inflate ()
checks that its computed adler32 checksum is equal to that saved by the
compressor and returns Z_STREAM_END only if the checksum is correct.

inflate () returns Z_OK if some progress has been made (more input processed
or more output produced), Z_STREAM_END if the end of the compressed data has
been reached and all uncompressed output has been produced, Z_NEED_DICT if a
preset dictionary is needed at this point, Z_DATA_ERROR if the input data was
corrupted (input stream not conforming to the zlib format or incorrect
adler32 checksum), Z_STREAM_ERROR if the stream structure was inconsistent
(for example if next_in or next_out was NULL), Z_MEM_ERROR if there was not
enough memory, Z_BUF_ERROR if no progress is possible or if there was not
enough room in the output buffer when Z_FINISH is used. In the Z_DATA_ERROR
case, the application may then call inflateSync to look for a good
compression block.

int inflateEnd (z_streamp strm);

 

All dynamically allocated data structures for this stream are freed.
This function discards any unprocessed input and does not flush any
pending output.

 

inflateEnd returns Z_OK if success, Z_STREAM_ERROR if the stream state
was inconsistent. In the error case, msg may be set but then points to a
static string (which must not be deallocated).



Advanced functions

The following functions are needed only in some special applications.

Function list

Function description

int deflateInit2 (z_streamp strm, int level, int method, int windowBits, int memLevel, int strategy);

 

This is another version of deflateInit with more compression options. The
fields next_in , zalloc , zfree and opaque must be initialized before by
the caller.

The method parameter is the compression method. It must be Z_DEFLATED in
this version of the library.

The windowBits parameter is the base two logarithm of the window size
(the size of the history buffer). It should be in the range 8..15 for this
version of the library. Larger values of this parameter result in better
compression at the expense of memory usage. The default value is 15 if
deflateInit is used instead.

The memLevel parameter specifies how much memory should be allocated
for the internal compression state . memLevel=1 uses minimum memory but
is slow and reduces compression ratio ; memLevel=9 uses maximum memory
for optimal speed. The default value is 8. See zconf.h for total memory
usage as a function of windowBits and memLevel.

The strategy parameter is used to tune the compression algorithm. Use the
value Z_DEFAULT_STRATEGY for normal data, Z_FILTERED for data produced by a
filter (or predictor), or Z_HUFFMAN_ONLY to force Huffman encoding only (no
string match). Filtered data consists mostly of small values with a
somewhat random distribution. In this case, the compression algorithm is
tuned to compress them better. The effect of Z_FILTERED is to force more
Huffman coding and less string matching ; it is somewhat intermediate
between Z_DEFAULT and Z_HUFFMAN_ONLY . The strategy parameter only affects
the compression ratio but not the correctness of the compressed output even
if it is not set appropriately.

deflateInit2 returns Z_OK if success, Z_MEM_ERROR if there was not enough
memory, Z_STREAM_ERROR if a parameter is invalid (such as an invalid
method). msg is set to null if there is no error message. deflateInit2 does
not perform any compression: this will be done by deflate ().

int deflateSetDictionary (z_streamp strm, const Bytef *dictionary, uInt dictLength);

 

Initializes the compression dictionary from the given byte sequence
without producing any compressed output. This function must be called
immediately after deflateInit , deflateInit2 or deflateReset , before any
call of deflate . The compressor and decompressor must use exactly the same
dictionary (see inflateSetDictionary ).

The dictionary should consist of strings (byte sequences) that are likely
to be encountered later in the data to be compressed, with the most commonly
used strings preferably put towards the end of the dictionary. Using a
dictionary is most useful when the data to be compressed is short and can be
predicted with good accuracy ; the data can then be compressed better than
with the default empty dictionary.

Depending on the size of the compression data structures selected by
deflateInit or deflateInit2 , a part of the dictionary may in effect be
discarded, for example if the dictionary is larger than the window size in
deflate or deflate2. Thus the strings most likely to be useful should be
put at the end of the dictionary, not at the front.

Upon return of this function, strm-&gt adler is set to the Adler32 value
of the dictionary ; the decompressor may later use this value to determine
which dictionary has been used by the compressor. (The Adler32 value
applies to the whole dictionary even if only a subset of the dictionary is
actually used by the compressor.)

deflateSetDictionary returns Z_OK if success, or Z_STREAM_ERROR if a
parameter is invalid (such as NULL dictionary) or the stream state is
inconsistent (for example if deflate has already been called for this stream
or if the compression method is bsort). deflateSetDictionary does not
perform any compression: this will be done by deflate ().

int deflateCopy (z_streamp dest, z_streamp source);

 

Sets the destination stream as a complete copy of the source stream.

This function can be useful when several compression strategies will be
tried, for example when there are several ways of pre-processing the input
data with a filter. The streams that will be discarded should then be freed
by calling deflateEnd . Note that deflateCopy duplicates the internal
compression state which can be quite large, so this strategy is slow and
can consume lots of memory.

deflateCopy returns Z_OK if success, Z_MEM_ERROR if there was not
enough memory, Z_STREAM_ERROR if the source stream state was inconsistent
(such as zalloc being NULL). msg is left unchanged in both source and
destination.

int deflateReset (z_streamp strm);

 

This function is equivalent to deflateEnd followed by deflateInit ,
but does not free and reallocate all the internal compression state .
The stream will keep the same compression level and any other attributes
that may have been set by deflateInit2 .

deflateReset returns Z_OK if success, or Z_STREAM_ERROR if the source
stream state was inconsistent (such as zalloc or state being NULL).

int deflateParams (z_streamp strm, int level, int strategy);

 

Dynamically update the compression level and compression strategy. The
interpretation of level and strategy is as in deflateInit2 . This can be
used to switch between compression and straight copy of the input data, or
to switch to a different kind of input data requiring a different
strategy. If the compression level is changed, the input available so far
is compressed with the old level (and may be flushed); the new level will
take effect only at the next call of deflate ().

Before the call of deflateParams , the stream state must be set as for
a call of deflate (), since the currently available input may have to
be compressed and flushed. In particular, strm-&gt avail_out must be
non-zero.

deflateParams returns Z_OK if success, Z_STREAM_ERROR if the source
stream state was inconsistent or if a parameter was invalid, Z_BUF_ERROR
if strm-&gtavail_out was zero.

int inflateInit2 (z_streamp strm, int windowBits);

 

This is another version of inflateInit with an extra parameter. The
fields next_in , avail_in , zalloc , zfree and opaque must be initialized
before by the caller.

The windowBits parameter is the base two logarithm of the maximum window
size (the size of the history buffer). It should be in the range 8..15 for
this version of the library. The default value is 15 if inflateInit is used
instead. If a compressed stream with a larger window size is given as
input, inflate () will return with the error code Z_DATA_ERROR instead of
trying to allocate a larger window.

inflateInit2 returns Z_OK if success, Z_MEM_ERROR if there was not enough
memory, Z_STREAM_ERROR if a parameter is invalid (such as a negative
memLevel). msg is set to null if there is no error message. inflateInit2
does not perform any decompression apart from reading the zlib header if
present: this will be done by inflate (). (So next_in and avail_in may be
modified, but next_out and avail_out are unchanged.)

int inflateSetDictionary (z_streamp strm, const Bytef *dictionary, uInt dictLength);

 

Initializes the decompression dictionary from the given uncompressed byte
sequence. This function must be called immediately after a call of inflate
if this call returned Z_NEED_DICT . The dictionary chosen by the compressor
can be determined from the Adler32 value returned by this call of
inflate . The compressor and decompressor must use exactly the same
dictionary (see deflateSetDictionary ).

inflateSetDictionary returns Z_OK if success, Z_STREAM_ERROR if a
parameter is invalid (such as NULL dictionary) or the stream state is
inconsistent, Z_DATA_ERROR if the given dictionary doesn’t match the
expected one (incorrect Adler32 value). inflateSetDictionary does not
perform any decompression: this will be done by subsequent calls of
inflate ().

int inflateSync (z_streamp strm);

 

Skips invalid compressed data until a full flush point (see above the
description of deflate with Z_FULL_FLUSH ) can be found, or until all
available input is skipped. No output is provided.

inflateSync returns Z_OK if a full flush point has been found, Z_BUF_ERROR
if no more input was provided, Z_DATA_ERROR if no flush point has been found,
or Z_STREAM_ERROR if the stream structure was inconsistent. In the success
case, the application may save the current current value of total_in which
indicates where valid compressed data was found. In the error case, the
application may repeatedly call inflateSync , providing more input each time,
until success or end of the input data.

int inflateReset (z_streamp strm);

 

This function is equivalent to inflateEnd followed by inflateInit ,
but does not free and reallocate all the internal decompression state .
The stream will keep attributes that may have been set by inflateInit2 .

 

inflateReset returns Z_OK if success, or Z_STREAM_ERROR if the source
stream state was inconsistent (such as zalloc or state being NULL).

 



Checksum functions

These functions are not related to compression but are exported
anyway because they might be useful in applications using the
compression library.

Function list

Function description

uLong adler32 (uLong adler, const Bytef *buf, uInt len);

 

Update a running Adler-32 checksum with the bytes buf[0..len-1] and
return the updated checksum. If buf is NULL, this function returns
the required initial value for the checksum.

 

An Adler-32 checksum is almost as reliable as a CRC32 but can be computed
much faster. Usage example:

     uLong adler  = adler32 (0L, Z_NULL , 0);

     while (read_buffer(buffer, length) != EOF) {
       adler  = adler32 (adler , buffer, length);
     }
     if (adler  != original_adler) error();
   

uLong crc32 (uLong crc, const Bytef *buf, uInt len);

 

Update a running crc with the bytes buf[0..len-1] and return the updated
crc. If buf is NULL, this function returns the required initial value
for the crc. Pre- and post-conditioning (one’s complement) is performed
within this function so it shouldn’t be done by the application.
Usage example:

 

     uLong crc = crc32(0L, Z_NULL , 0);

     while (read_buffer(buffer, length) != EOF) {
       crc = crc32 (crc, buffer, length);
     }
     if (crc != original_crc) error();
   


struct z_stream_s



The application must update
next_in and avail_in when avail_in has
dropped to zero. It must update
next_out and avail_out when avail_out
has dropped to zero. The application must initialize zalloc , zfree and
opaque before calling the init function. All other fields are set by the
compression library and must not be updated by the application.

typedef struct z_stream_s {
    Bytef    *

 

The opaque value provided by the application will be passed as the first
parameter for calls of zalloc and zfree . This can be useful for custom
memory management. The compression library attaches no meaning to the
opaque value.

zalloc must return Z_NULL if there is not enough memory for the object.
If zlib is used in a multi-threaded application, zalloc and zfree must be
thread safe.

On 16-bit systems, the functions zalloc and zfree must be able to allocate
exactly 65536 bytes, but will not be required to allocate more than this
if the symbol MAXSEG_64K is defined (see zconf.h). WARNING: On MSDOS,
pointers returned by zalloc for objects of exactly 65536 bytes *must*
have their offset normalized to zero. The default allocation function
provided by this library ensures this (see zutil.c). To reduce memory
requirements and avoid any allocation of 64K objects, at the expense of
compression ratio, compile the library with -DMAX_WBITS=14 (see zconf.h).

The fields total_in and total_out can be used for statistics or
progress reports. After compression, total_in holds the total size of
the uncompressed data and may be saved for use in the decompressor
(particularly if the decompressor wants to decompress everything in
a single step).

 



Constants

#define 

 



Misc

 

Other functions:

const char * zError (int err);

 

int inflateSyncPoint (z_streamp z);

 

const uLongf * get_crc_table (void); 


 
deflateInit and inflateInit are macros to allow checking the zlib version
and the compiler’s view of z_stream . Z_NO_FLUSH 0 #define Z_PARTIAL_FLUSH 1 /* will be removed, use Z_SYNC_FLUSH instead */ #define Z_SYNC_FLUSH 2 #define Z_FULL_FLUSH 3 #define Z_FINISH 4 /* Allowed flush values ; see deflate() below for details */ #define Z_OK 0 #define Z_STREAM_END 1 #define Z_NEED_DICT 2 #define Z_ERRNO (-1) #define Z_STREAM_ERROR (-2) #define Z_DATA_ERROR (-3) #define Z_MEM_ERROR (-4) #define Z_BUF_ERROR (-5) #define Z_VERSION_ERROR (-6) /* Return codes for the compression/decompression functions. Negative * values are errors, positive values are used for special but normal events. */ #define Z_NO_COMPRESSION 0 #define Z_BEST_SPEED 1 #define Z_BEST_COMPRESSION 9 #define Z_DEFAULT_COMPRESSION (-1) /* compression levels */ #define Z_FILTERED 1 #define Z_HUFFMAN_ONLY 2 #define Z_DEFAULT_STRATEGY 0 /* compression strategy ; see deflateInit2 () below for details */ #define Z_BINARY 0 #define Z_ASCII 1 #define Z_UNKNOWN 2 /* Possible values of the data_type field */ #define Z_DEFLATED 8 /* The deflate compression method (the only one supported in this version) */ #define Z_NULL 0 /* for initializing zalloc, zfree , opaque */ #define zlib_version zlibVersion() /* for compatibility with versions less than 1.0.2 */ next_in; /* next input byte */ uInt avail_in; /* number of bytes available at next_in */ uLong total_in; /* total nb of input bytes read so far */ Bytef *next_out; /* next output byte should be put there */ uInt avail_out; /* remaining free space at next_out */ uLong total_out; /* total nb of bytes output so far */ char *msg; /* last error message, NULL if no error */ struct internal_state FAR *state; /* not visible by applications */ alloc_func zalloc; /* used to allocate the internal state */ free_func zfree; /* used to free the internal state */ voidpf opaque; /* private data object passed to zalloc and zfree */ int data_type; /* best guess about the data type: ascii or binary */ uLong adler; /* adler32 value of the uncompressed data */ uLong reserved; /* reserved for future use */ } z_stream ; typedef z_stream FAR * z_streamp;  adler32 (uLong adler , const Bytef *buf, uInt len); deflateInit2 (z_streamp strm, zlibVersion (void); basic stream-oriented functions .
To simplify the interface, some
default options are assumed (compression level and memory usage,
standard memory allocation functions). The source code of these
utility functions can easily be modified if you need special options.
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