关闭

编写firefox plugin的跨平台代码

553人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:

最近开发了一个firefox plugin,有点心得,决定将其写下来。因为plugin的一些规则比较死板,所以了解其中函数的关系和调用的先后顺序还要参考https://developer.mozilla.org/en/Plugins,本文主要讨论Windows,Linux,MAC OS X三个平台间的差异以及安装更新的过程。

      plugin其实是一个可执行的文件(动态库),主要用于扩充浏览器对数据的解释能力,如flash,pdf格式,也可以用于与本机其他模块或对象进行通信,如具有脚本访问功能的plugin。因为我想开发一个具有脚本访问功能的plugin,所以从firefox源代码包中我选择了npruntime,因为这些结构都是比较固定的。

      构建npruntime之前要安装SDK,新建工程或makefile,设置一些宏定义,如XP_WIN=1,这个是很容易成功的。要是npruntime跨平台还需要修改其代码,经多次摸索以及google,我提炼出完整的接口如下:

 

#include "npapi.h"

#include "npupp.h"

 

char* NPP_GetMIMEDescription();

#ifdef XP_MACOSX

extern "C" {
 NP_EXPORT(NPError) OSCALL NP_Initialize(NPNetscapeFuncs* pFuncs
#ifdef XP_UNIX
           , NPPluginFuncs* pluginFuncs
#endif  // XP_UNIX
           );
 NP_EXPORT(NPError) OSCALL NP_GetEntryPoints(NPPluginFuncs* pFuncs);
 NP_EXPORT(NPError) OSCALL NP_Shutdown(void);
 NP_EXPORT(int) main(NPNetscapeFuncs* nsTable, NPPluginFuncs* pluginFuncs,
      NPP_ShutdownUPP* unloadUpp);
}

#endif  // XP_MACOSX

#ifndef HIBYTE
#define HIBYTE(x) ((((uint32_t)(x)) & 0xff00) >> 8)
#endif

NPNetscapeFuncs NPNFuncs;

#if defined(XP_WIN) || defined(XP_MACOSX)

NPError OSCALL NP_GetEntryPoints(NPPluginFuncs* pFuncs)
{
 printf("GetEntryPoints\n");
 if (pFuncs == NULL)
  return NPERR_INVALID_FUNCTABLE_ERROR;
 
#ifdef XP_MACOSX
 // Webkit under OS X passes 0 in pFuncs->size, and Apple's sample code
 // (NetscapeMoviePlugIn) treats this as an output parameter.
 if (pFuncs->size == 0)
  pFuncs->size = sizeof(NPPluginFuncs);
#endif  // XP_MACOSX
 
 if (pFuncs->size < sizeof(NPPluginFuncs))
  return NPERR_INVALID_FUNCTABLE_ERROR;
 
 pFuncs->version       = (NP_VERSION_MAJOR << 8) | NP_VERSION_MINOR;
 pFuncs->newp          = NPP_New;
 pFuncs->destroy       = NPP_Destroy;
 pFuncs->setwindow     = NPP_SetWindow;
 pFuncs->newstream     = NPP_NewStream;
 pFuncs->destroystream = NPP_DestroyStream;
 pFuncs->asfile        = NPP_StreamAsFile;
 pFuncs->writeready    = NPP_WriteReady;
 pFuncs->write         = NPP_Write;
 pFuncs->print         = NPP_Print;
 pFuncs->event         = NPP_HandleEvent;
 pFuncs->urlnotify     = NPP_URLNotify;
 pFuncs->getvalue      = NPP_GetValue;
 pFuncs->setvalue      = NPP_SetValue;
 pFuncs->javaClass     = NULL;
 
 return NPERR_NO_ERROR;
}

#endif  // defined(XP_WIN) || defined(XP_MACOSX)

char*
NP_GetMIMEDescription()
{
 printf("GetMIMEDescription\n");
 return NPP_GetMIMEDescription();
}

NPError
NP_GetValue(void* future, NPPVariable variable, void *value)
{
 return NPP_GetValue((NPP_t *)future, variable, value);
}

// Under OS X, we rely on NP_GetEntryPoints() to be called to set up
// the NPPluginFuncs structure, and we do not use the second parameter
// `pluginFuncs` here for the compatibility with Safari under OS X.
NPError OSCALL
NP_Initialize(NPNetscapeFuncs* pFuncs
#ifdef XP_UNIX
              , NPPluginFuncs* pluginFuncs
#endif  // XP_UNIX
              )
{
 printf("Initialize\n");
 if(pFuncs == NULL)
  return NPERR_INVALID_FUNCTABLE_ERROR;
 
 if(HIBYTE(pFuncs->version) > NP_VERSION_MAJOR)
  return NPERR_INCOMPATIBLE_VERSION_ERROR;
 
 NPNFuncs.size                    = pFuncs->size;
 NPNFuncs.version                 = pFuncs->version;
 NPNFuncs.geturlnotify            = pFuncs->geturlnotify;
 NPNFuncs.geturl                  = pFuncs->geturl;
 NPNFuncs.posturlnotify           = pFuncs->posturlnotify;
 NPNFuncs.posturl                 = pFuncs->posturl;
 NPNFuncs.requestread             = pFuncs->requestread;
 NPNFuncs.newstream               = pFuncs->newstream;
 NPNFuncs.write                   = pFuncs->write;
 NPNFuncs.destroystream           = pFuncs->destroystream;
 NPNFuncs.status                  = pFuncs->status;
 NPNFuncs.uagent                  = pFuncs->uagent;
 NPNFuncs.memalloc                = pFuncs->memalloc;
 NPNFuncs.memfree                 = pFuncs->memfree;
 NPNFuncs.memflush                = pFuncs->memflush;
 NPNFuncs.reloadplugins           = pFuncs->reloadplugins;
 NPNFuncs.getJavaEnv              = pFuncs->getJavaEnv;
 NPNFuncs.getJavaPeer             = pFuncs->getJavaPeer;
 NPNFuncs.getvalue                = pFuncs->getvalue;
 NPNFuncs.setvalue                = pFuncs->setvalue;
 NPNFuncs.invalidaterect          = pFuncs->invalidaterect;
 NPNFuncs.invalidateregion        = pFuncs->invalidateregion;
 NPNFuncs.forceredraw             = pFuncs->forceredraw;
 NPNFuncs.getstringidentifier     = pFuncs->getstringidentifier;
 NPNFuncs.getstringidentifiers    = pFuncs->getstringidentifiers;
 NPNFuncs.getintidentifier        = pFuncs->getintidentifier;
 NPNFuncs.identifierisstring      = pFuncs->identifierisstring;
 NPNFuncs.utf8fromidentifier      = pFuncs->utf8fromidentifier;
 NPNFuncs.intfromidentifier       = pFuncs->intfromidentifier;
 NPNFuncs.createobject            = pFuncs->createobject;
 NPNFuncs.retainobject            = pFuncs->retainobject;
 NPNFuncs.releaseobject           = pFuncs->releaseobject;
 NPNFuncs.invoke                  = pFuncs->invoke;
 NPNFuncs.invokeDefault           = pFuncs->invokeDefault;
 NPNFuncs.evaluate                = pFuncs->evaluate;
 NPNFuncs.getproperty             = pFuncs->getproperty;
 NPNFuncs.setproperty             = pFuncs->setproperty;
 NPNFuncs.removeproperty          = pFuncs->removeproperty;
 NPNFuncs.hasproperty             = pFuncs->hasproperty;
 NPNFuncs.hasmethod               = pFuncs->hasmethod;
 NPNFuncs.releasevariantvalue     = pFuncs->releasevariantvalue;
 NPNFuncs.setexception            = pFuncs->setexception;
 // NPNFuncs.pluginthreadasynccall   = pFuncs->pluginthreadasynccall;
 
#if defined(XP_UNIX) && !defined(XP_MACOSX)
 /*
  * Set up the plugin function table that Netscape will use to
  * call us.  Netscape needs to know about our version and size
  * and have a UniversalProcPointer for every function we
  * implement.
  */
 pluginFuncs->version    = (NP_VERSION_MAJOR << 8) + NP_VERSION_MINOR;
 pluginFuncs->size       = sizeof(NPPluginFuncs);
 pluginFuncs->newp       = NewNPP_NewProc(NPP_New);
 pluginFuncs->destroy    = NewNPP_DestroyProc(NPP_Destroy);
 pluginFuncs->setwindow  = NewNPP_SetWindowProc(NPP_SetWindow);
 pluginFuncs->newstream  = NewNPP_NewStreamProc(NPP_NewStream);
 pluginFuncs->destroystream = NewNPP_DestroyStreamProc(NPP_DestroyStream);
 pluginFuncs->asfile     = NewNPP_StreamAsFileProc(NPP_StreamAsFile);
 pluginFuncs->writeready = NewNPP_WriteReadyProc(NPP_WriteReady);
 pluginFuncs->write      = NewNPP_WriteProc(NPP_Write);
 pluginFuncs->print      = NewNPP_PrintProc(NPP_Print);
 pluginFuncs->urlnotify  = NewNPP_URLNotifyProc(NPP_URLNotify);
 pluginFuncs->event      = NewNPP_HandleEventProc(NPP_HandleEvent);
 pluginFuncs->getvalue   = NewNPP_GetValueProc(NPP_GetValue);
#ifdef OJI
 pluginFuncs->javaClass  = NPP_GetJavaClass();
#endif  // OJI
#endif  // defined(XP_UNIX) && !defined(XP_MACOSX)
 
 return NPP_Initialize();
}

NPError OSCALL NP_Shutdown()
{
 NPP_Shutdown();
 return NPERR_NO_ERROR;
}

#ifdef XP_MACOSX

int main(NPNetscapeFuncs* nsTable, NPPluginFuncs* pluginFuncs, NPP_ShutdownUPP* unloadUpp)
{
 NPError err = NPERR_NO_ERROR;
 printf("main\n");
 //
 // Ensure that everything Netscape passed us is valid!
 //
 if ((nsTable == NULL) || (pluginFuncs == NULL) || (unloadUpp == NULL))
  err = NPERR_INVALID_FUNCTABLE_ERROR;
 
 //
 // Check the "major" version passed in Netscape's function table.
 // We won't load if the major version is newer than what we expect.
 // Also check that the function tables passed in are big enough for
 // all the functions we need (they could be bigger, if Netscape added
 // new APIs, but that's OK with us -- we'll just ignore them).
 //
 if (err == NPERR_NO_ERROR)
 {
  if (HIBYTE(nsTable->version) > NP_VERSION_MAJOR)
   err = NPERR_INCOMPATIBLE_VERSION_ERROR;
 }
 
 if (err == NPERR_NO_ERROR)
 {
  err = NP_Initialize(nsTable, NULL);
 }
 
 if (err == NPERR_NO_ERROR)
 {
  err = NP_GetEntryPoints(pluginFuncs);
  *unloadUpp = NewNPP_ShutdownProc(NP_Shutdown);
 }
 
 return err;
}

#endif  // XP_MACOSX

这三个平台接口实现的功能都一样,但firefox硬把他们写的这么复杂。仔细对比一下npruntime原来的接口就会明白这三个平台到底有什么不同,这里多出了一个main函数,这个main函数是在MAC OS X的firefox 2里面才有的,在firefox 3中已经取消了,但为了插件的可移植性还是把这个函数加了进来,里面调用了了其他的三个接口函数来实现,本质上没有任何区别。
      这3个平台的声明plugin信息的方式也是不一样的。Windows的plugin信息都存放在资源的Version中,可以用VC或记事本打开进行编辑,Linux上的MIMEType需要通过导出函数NP_GetMIMEDescription来获取,而其他的信息则通过NPP_GetValue来获取,firefox通过这个函数向plugin请求插件名称和插件描述。在MAC OS X上plugin信息是放在资源脚本里,要先定义.r 文件,添加到XCode中,.r文件的一个范例如下
#include <CoreServices/CoreServices.r>
resource 'STR#' (127)
{{
 "myplugins"
}};

resource 'STR#' (128)
{{
 "application/myscriptable-plugin",
 "*"
}};

resource 'STR#' (126)
{{
 "<a href=\"http://www.mypage.com\">MyPlugin 1.0.0</a> "
 "can do something",
 "my discription。"
}};
然后将这个文件和源文件一起编译成一个Bundle(相当于一个DLL),在XCode中还需要将CFBundlePackageType改为BRPL。因为MAC OS X还可运行在ppc架构上,所以最好能编写成universal版,这样就不用考虑平台问题了。
至此,这个接口就算完成了,能够在三个平台上工作。

0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:158561次
    • 积分:3185
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第10704名
    • 原创:148篇
    • 转载:133篇
    • 译文:3篇
    • 评论:7条