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使用spec与fpm 2种方式进行rpm打包

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转载:http://dl528888.blog.51cto.com/2382721/1540312

最近分享zabbix与ansible好多,大家看烦了,我也没啥存货了,现在就介绍一下如何进行rpm打包吧。

rpm打包有2个,一个是自己写spec,另外要给是使用ruby的fpm,我个人比较倾向于第二种fpm,这个不需要写spec文件,特简单,不过为了让大家看明白,我分别介绍一下这2款软件是如何进行rpm打包的。

目录

一、使用spec构建rpm

二、使用fpm构建rpm

 

一、使用spec构建rpm

在构架rpm包的时候,需要经过3个过程

1、解压源码包

2、编译环境configure

3、make

然后再使用check install做rpm包

同时如果在安装rpm包的时候,你想查看安装过程可以使用,rpm -qi --scriptsname.rpm查看

如果在构架脚本或者其他非源码包安装的时候,可以使用rpmbild

1、把脚本目录给tar

2、构架spec

3、rpmbuild

注意的完成最终的工作了。请使用根目录用户身份安装rpmbuild命令。在Red Hat中,请用yum install rpm-build完成这项工作。接下来,请确保所有的文件都呆在正确的地方。Tar存档文件必须位于创建软件包的当前用户帐户的~/rpmbuild /SOURCES 目录下,demo.spec文件必须位于~/rpmbuild/SPECS目录下。现在你可以用rpmbuild -ba test.spec命令来创建软件包了。这会在~/rpmbuild/RPMS目录下创建你的RPM文件。

可以参考

http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-05/60278.htm

http://blog.csdn.net/cybertan/article/details/5972935

我做的测试是创建一个test-1.0目录,里有个test.txt文件,内容是this is test

A.创建rpm目录

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mkdir -p ~/rpmbuild/{RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS}

B.创建压缩文件

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16:02:25 # cd ~/rpmbuild/SOURCES/
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:09 # mkdir test-1.0
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:32 # echo "this is test">test-1.0/test.txt
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:43 # tar zcvf test-1.0.tar.gz test-1.0
test-1.0/
test-1.0/test.txt
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:48 # rm -rf test-1.0
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:52 # ll
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 160 Aug 15 16:05 test-1.0.tar.gz

C.做spec文件内容如下

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16:06:25 # cat test.spec 
Summary:  Test package for dl528888 blog
Name:     test
Version:  1.0
Release:  1
License:  GPL
Group:    test
Source:   %{name}-1.0.tar.gz
BuildRoot:%{_tmppath}/%{name}-%{version}-%{release}-root
Url:      http://dl528888.blog.51cto.com
Packager: dl528888
Prefix:   %{_prefix}
Prefix:   %{_sysconfdir}
%define   userpath /tmp/demo
   
%description
Justa test rpm suite.
   
%prep
%setup -c
%install
install -d $RPM_BUILD_ROOT%{userpath}
cp -a %{name}* $RPM_BUILD_ROOT%{userpath}
   
%clean
rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT
rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_DIR/%{name}-%{version}
   
%files
%defattr(-,root,root)
%{userpath}

D.打成rpm包

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16:06:36 # rpmbuild -ba test.spec 
Executing(%prep): /bin/sh -e /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.8B9UHi
umask 022
cd /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
cd /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
rm -rf test-1.0
/bin/mkdir -p test-1.0
cd test-1.0
/usr/bin/gzip -dc /root/rpmbuild/SOURCES/test-1.0.tar.gz
/bin/tar -xvvf -
drwxr-xr-x root/root         0 2014-08-15 16:05 test-1.0/
-rw-r--r-- root/root        13 2014-08-15 16:05 test-1.0/test.txt
+ STATUS=0
'[' 0 -ne ']'
/bin/chmod -Rf a+rX,u+w,g-w,o-w .
exit 0
Executing(%install): /bin/sh -e /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.IwUiMh
umask 022
cd /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
cd test-1.0
install -d /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/test-1.0-1.x86_64/tmp/demo
cp -a test-1.0 /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/test-1.0-1.x86_64/tmp/demo
/usr/lib/rpm/brp-compress
/usr/lib/rpm/brp-strip
/usr/lib/rpm/brp-strip-static-archive
/usr/lib/rpm/brp-strip-comment-note
Processing files: test-1.0-1.x86_64
Requires(rpmlib): rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1 rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
Checking for unpackaged file(s): /usr/lib/rpm/check-files /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/test-1.0-1.x86_64
warning: Could not canonicalize hostname: ip-10-10-10-10
Wrote: /root/rpmbuild/SRPMS/test-1.0-1.src.rpm
Wrote: /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/test-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm
Executing(%clean): /bin/sh -e /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.IoNP7f
umask 022
cd /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
cd test-1.0
rm -rf /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/test-1.0-1.x86_64
rm -rf /root/rpmbuild/BUILD/test-1.0
exit 0

E.查看rpm包

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16:07:24 # cd ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/RPMS
16:07:54 # ll
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Aug 15 16:07 x86_64
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/RPMS
16:07:54 # cd x86_64/
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:07:58 # ll
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2020 Aug 15 16:07 test-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:07:59 # rpm -qpi test-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm 
Name        : test                         Relocations: /usr /etc 
Version     : 1.0                               Vendor: (none)
Release     : 1                             Build Date: Fri 15 Aug 2014 04:07:24 PM CST
Install Date: (not installed)               Build Host: ip-10-10-10-10
Group       : test                          Source RPM: test-1.0-1.src.rpm
Size        : 13                               License: GPL
Signature   : (none)
Packager    : dl528888
URL         : http://dl528888.blog.51cto.com
Summary     : Test package for dl528888 blog
Description :
Justa test rpm suite.

F.安装此rpm包

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16:08:03 # rpm -ivh test-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm 
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:test                   ########################################### [100%]
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:08:49 # ll /tmp/demo/
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Aug 15 16:08 test-1.0
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:08:58 # ll /tmp/demo/test-1.0/
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 13 Aug 15 16:05 test.txt
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:09:00 # cat /tmp/demo/test-1.0/test.txt 
this is test

可以看到安装完成,并在tmp的demo里解压了test-1.0.tar.gz压缩包。

二、使用ruby的fpm构建rpm包

1、centos安装

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yum install rpm-build
gem install fpm

2、ubuntu安装

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apt-get install ruby ruby-dev rubygems
gem install fpm

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15:34:53 # yum install rpm-build    
Failed to set locale, defaulting to C
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, keys, protectbase
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.btte.net
 * extras: mirrors.btte.net
 * updates: mirrors.btte.net
0 packages excluded due to repository protections
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package rpm-build.x86_64 0:4.8.0-37.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: elfutils >= 0.128 for package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: xz for package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: unzip for package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: lzma for package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: file for package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/gdb-add-index for package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package elfutils.x86_64 0:0.152-1.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: elfutils-libs(x86-64) = 0.152-1.el6 for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.149)(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.148)(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.138)(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.127)(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.126)(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.122)(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libasm.so.1(ELFUTILS_1.0)(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1()(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libasm.so.1()(64bit) for package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
---> Package file.x86_64 0:5.04-15.el6 will be installed
---> Package gdb.x86_64 0:7.2-60.el6_4.1 will be installed
---> Package unzip.x86_64 0:6.0-1.el6 will be installed
---> Package xz.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6 will be installed
---> Package xz-lzma-compat.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package elfutils-libs.x86_64 0:0.152-1.el6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                       Arch                                  Version                                                         Repository                           Size
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 rpm-build                                     x86_64                                4.8.0-37.el6                                                    base                                127 k
Installing for dependencies:
 elfutils                                      x86_64                                0.152-1.el6                                                     base                                201 k
 elfutils-libs                                 x86_64                                0.152-1.el6                                                     base                                181 k
 file                                          x86_64                                5.04-15.el6                                                     base                                 46 k
 gdb                                           x86_64                                7.2-60.el6_4.1                                                  base                                2.3 M
 unzip                                         x86_64                                6.0-1.el6                                                       base                                149 k
 xz                                            x86_64                                4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6                                base                                137 k
 xz-lzma-compat                                x86_64                                4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6                                base                                 16 k
 
Transaction Summary
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
Install       8 Package(s)
 
Total download size: 3.1 M
Installed size: 7.4 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/8): elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                  | 201 kB     00:00     
(2/8): elfutils-libs-0.152-1.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                             | 181 kB     00:00     
(3/8): file-5.04-15.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                      |  46 kB     00:00     
(4/8): gdb-7.2-60.el6_4.1.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                    | 2.3 MB     00:06     
(5/8): rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                | 127 kB     00:00     
(6/8): unzip-6.0-1.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                       | 149 kB     00:00     
(7/8): xz-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                   | 137 kB     00:00     
(8/8): xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                       |  16 kB     00:00     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                                          234 kB/s | 3.1 MB     00:13     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : xz-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                  1/8 
  Installing : xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                      2/8 
  Installing : file-5.04-15.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                     3/8 
  Installing : gdb-7.2-60.el6_4.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                   4/8 
  Installing : elfutils-libs-0.152-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                            5/8 
  Installing : elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                 6/8 
  Installing : unzip-6.0-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                      7/8 
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                               8/8 
  Verifying  : unzip-6.0-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                      1/8 
  Verifying  : xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                      2/8 
  Verifying  : elfutils-libs-0.152-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                            3/8 
  Verifying  : gdb-7.2-60.el6_4.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                   4/8 
  Verifying  : elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                 5/8 
  Verifying  : rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                               6/8 
  Verifying  : file-5.04-15.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                     7/8 
  Verifying  : xz-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                  8/8 
 
Installed:
  rpm-build.x86_64 0:4.8.0-37.el6                                                                                                                                                              
 
Dependency Installed:
  elfutils.x86_64 0:0.152-1.el6                 elfutils-libs.x86_64 0:0.152-1.el6                        file.x86_64 0:5.04-15.el6  gdb.x86_64 0:7.2-60.el6_4.1  unzip.x86_64 0:6.0-1.el6 
  xz.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6  xz-lzma-compat.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6 
 
Complete!
 
15:35:21 # gem install fpm
/usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/lib/ruby/1.9.1/yaml.rb:56:in `<top (required)>':
It seems your ruby installation is missing psych (for YAML output).
To eliminate this warning, please install libyaml and reinstall your ruby.
Fetching: json-1.8.1.gem (100%)
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
Fetching: cabin-0.6.1.gem (100%)
Fetching: backports-3.6.0.gem (100%)
Fetching: arr-pm-0.0.9.gem (100%)
Fetching: clamp-0.6.3.gem (100%)
Fetching: ffi-1.9.3.gem (100%)
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
Fetching: childprocess-0.5.3.gem (100%)
Fetching: fpm-1.1.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed json-1.8.1
Successfully installed cabin-0.6.1
Successfully installed backports-3.6.0
Successfully installed arr-pm-0.0.9
Successfully installed clamp-0.6.3
Successfully installed ffi-1.9.3
Successfully installed childprocess-0.5.3
Successfully installed fpm-1.1.0
8 gems installed
Installing ri documentation for json-1.8.1...
Installing ri documentation for cabin-0.6.1...
Installing ri documentation for backports-3.6.0...
unable to convert U+00E9 from UTF-8 to US-ASCII for lib/backports/force/string_length.rb, skipping
unable to convert U+00E9 from UTF-8 to US-ASCII for lib/backports/1.9.2/stdlib/matrix.rb, skipping
Installing ri documentation for arr-pm-0.0.9...
Installing ri documentation for clamp-0.6.3...
Installing ri documentation for ffi-1.9.3...
unable to convert "\xE2" to UTF-8 in conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII for lib/ffi/library.rb, skipping
Enclosing class/module 'moduleFFI' for class StructByValue not known
Enclosing class/module 'moduleFFI' for class StructLayout not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Field not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Number not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class String not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Pointer not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Function not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Array not known
Enclosing class/module 'moduleFFI' for module LastError not known
Enclosing class/module 'moduleFFI' for class MemoryPointer not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class CharArray not known
Enclosing class/module "rbffi_StructLayoutCharArrayClass" for alias to_str to_s not known
unable to convert "\xC3" to UTF-8 in conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII for ext/ffi_c/libffi/ChangeLog, skipping
unable to convert "\xC3" to UTF-8 in conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII for ext/ffi_c/libffi/README, skipping
Installing ri documentation for childprocess-0.5.3...
Installing ri documentation for fpm-1.1.0...
Installing RDoc documentation for json-1.8.1...
Installing RDoc documentation for cabin-0.6.1...
Installing RDoc documentation for backports-3.6.0...
unable to convert U+00E9 from UTF-8 to US-ASCII for lib/backports/force/string_length.rb, skipping
unable to convert U+00E9 from UTF-8 to US-ASCII for lib/backports/1.9.2/stdlib/matrix.rb, skipping
Installing RDoc documentation for arr-pm-0.0.9...
Installing RDoc documentation for clamp-0.6.3...
Installing RDoc documentation for ffi-1.9.3...
unable to convert "\xE2" to UTF-8 in conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII for lib/ffi/library.rb, skipping
Enclosing class/module 'moduleFFI' for class StructByValue not known
Enclosing class/module 'moduleFFI' for class StructLayout not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Field not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Number not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class String not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Pointer not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Function not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class Array not known
Enclosing class/module 'moduleFFI' for module LastError not known
Enclosing class/module 'moduleFFI' for class MemoryPointer not known
Enclosing class/module 'rbffi_StructLayoutClass' for class CharArray not known
Enclosing class/module "rbffi_StructLayoutCharArrayClass" for alias to_str to_s not known
unable to convert "\xC3" to UTF-8 in conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII for ext/ffi_c/libffi/ChangeLog, skipping
unable to convert "\xC3" to UTF-8 in conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII for ext/ffi_c/libffi/README, skipping
Installing RDoc documentation for childprocess-0.5.3...
Installing RDoc documentation for fpm-1.1.0...
15:45:31 # find / -name "fpm"
/usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/doc/fpm-1.1.0/rdoc/lib/fpm
/usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/fpm-1.1.0/lib/fpm
/usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/fpm-1.1.0/bin/fpm
/usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/bin/fpm
/usr/local/php-5.3.10/share/php/fpm
root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
15:45:46 # ln  /usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/bin/fpm /usr/bin/fpm

下面是安装脚本内容

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16:10:45# cat install_for_rpm.sh 
#!/bin/bash
mkdir/tmp/fpm
echo"this is test for rpm" >/tmp/fpm/test.txt

下面是在进行rpm安装的时候,安装后运行的脚本

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root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
16:10:48# cat run_rpm.sh 
#!/bin/bash
/bin/bash/tmp/install_for_rpm.sh

也就是说,rpm包安装后,会运行我这个run_rpm.sh脚本,然后这个脚本会运行install_for_fpm.sh脚本

下面是打包过程

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root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
16:13:21 # fpm -s dir --prefix /tmp/ -t rpm -n test_rpm --verbose --version '2014'  --iteration '1.0'   --vendor '244979152@qq.com' --category 'Development/test'   --description 'Rpm  Install' --url 'qq.com' --license 'BSD' -m 'denglei' --after-install run_rpm.sh install_for_rpm.sh              
/usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/lib/ruby/1.9.1/yaml.rb:56:in `<top (required)>':
It seems your ruby installation is missing psych (for YAML output).
To eliminate this warning, please install libyaml and reinstall your ruby.
Setting from flags: category=Development/test {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: description=Rpm  Install {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: epoch= {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: iteration=1.0 {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: license=BSD {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: maintainer=denglei {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: name=test_rpm {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: url=qq.com {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: vendor=244979152@qq.com {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: version=2014 {:level=>:info}
Converting dir to rpm {:level=>:info}
no value for epoch is set, defaulting to nil {:level=>:warn}
Reading template {:path=>"/usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/fpm-1.1.0/templates/rpm.erb", :level=>:info}
no value for epoch is set, defaulting to nil {:level=>:warn}
Running rpmbuild {:args=>["rpmbuild""-bb""--define""buildroot /tmp/package-rpm-build20140704-5378-1sbkpgd/BUILD""--define""_topdir /tmp/package-rpm-build20140704-5378-1sbkpgd""--define"