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LeetCode进阶之路(Rotate List)

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Given a list, rotate the list to the right by k places, where k is non-negative.

For example:
Given 1->2->3->4->5->NULL and k = 2,
return 4->5->1->2->3->NULL.

题目:倒着数k个node,从那开始到结尾和之前那部分对调,那个例子就是,4->5拿前面来,1->2->3拿后面去。

思路:我自己是用了三个指针,分别是移到k位置,第一位,然后把三段拼起来。思路是正确,但是太复杂,绕来绕去,后面提交也是超时了。

public ListNode rotateRight(ListNode head, int k) {
		
		ListNode result = new ListNode(-1);
		result.next = head;
		ListNode first = result;
		ListNode second = head;
		ListNode third = result;
		if(head == null) {
			return result.next;
		}
		if(head.next == null){
			return head;
		}
		int len = 1;
		while(result.next != null) {
			len++;
			result = result.next;
		}
		int i = 0;
		while(i < len-k) {
			i++;
			first = first.next;
		}
		third.next = first;
		int j = 1;
		while(j < len-1-k) {
			second = second.next;
			j++;
		}
		second.next = null;
		
		ListNode flag = third;
		while(flag.next != null) {
			flag = flag.next;
		}
		flag.next = head;
		
		return third.next;
		
		
	}

下面是参考网友的思路,用两个指针,faster/slower,先对faster设步长为n,然后faster和slower再一起走,知道faster.next==null,说明slower指向要倒着数的开始点的前一个位置。

public ListNode rotateRight(ListNode head, int n) {
         if(head==null||head.next==null||n==0)
            return head;
        ListNode fast = head, slow = head,countlen = head;
        ListNode newhead = new ListNode(-1);
        int len = 0;
        
        while(countlen!=null){
            len++;
            countlen = countlen.next;
        }
        
        n = n%len;
        if(n==0)
            return head;
        
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            fast = fast.next;
        
        while(fast.next!=null){
            slow = slow.next;
            fast = fast.next;
        }
        
        newhead = slow.next;
        fast.next = head;
        slow.next = null;
        
        return newhead;
    }
还有一种更简单的思路,把整个链表连成一个环,在重新分割就可以了。

public ListNode rotateRight(ListNode head, int n) {

    if (head == null || n == 0)
        return head;
    ListNode p = head;
    int len = 1;//since p is already point to head
    while (p.next != null) {
        len++;
        p = p.next;
    }
    p.next = head; //form a loop
    n = n % len;
    for (int i = 0; i < len - n; i++) { 
        p = p.next;
    } //now p points to the prev of the new head
    head = p.next;
    p.next = null;
    return head;
}

种一棵树最好的时间是十年前,其次是现在!



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