关闭

Android中实现倒计时的方法总结

标签: androidandroid开发
459人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:

概述

android开发中经常会有倒计时的功能,下面将总结出常见的集中实现方式。

1.直接使用Handler的消息机制来实现

xml布局中文件如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="horizontal" >

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:onClick="clickButton"
        android:text="开始计时" />


</LinearLayout>

java代码如下:

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;

public class FirstActivity extends Activity{

    private Button button;
    private int count = 60;
    private int COUNT_TIME = 0;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.first_activity);
        button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);

    }

    private Handler handler = new Handler(){

        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            if(count <= 0){
                count = 60;
                button.setText("重新计时");
                button.setClickable(true);
                return;
            }
            count--;
            button.setText(""+count);
            sendEmptyMessageDelayed(COUNT_TIME,1000);
        }
    };

    public void clickButton(View view){
        handler.sendEmptyMessage(COUNT_TIME);
        button.setClickable(false);
    }
}

2.使用Timer和TimerTask,结合handler一起实现倒计时

import java.util.Timer;
import java.util.TimerTask;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;

public class FirstActivity extends Activity{

    private Button button;
    private int count = 30;
    private int COUNT_TIME = 0;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.first_activity);
        button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);

    }

    private Handler handler = new Handler(){

        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            button.setText(""+count);
            if(count <= 0){
                count = 30;
                button.setClickable(true);
                button.setText("重新计时");
                timerTask.cancel(); //取消该任务
            }
        }
    };

    private Timer timer = new Timer();
    private TimerTask timerTask;
    public void clickButton(View view){
        button.setClickable(false);

        timerTask = new TimerTask() {

            @Override
            public void run() {
                count--;
                handler.sendEmptyMessage(COUNT_TIME);
            }
        };
        timer.schedule(timerTask,0,1000); //0秒后,每过一秒钟执行一次该任务
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        //释放资源
        if(timerTask != null){
            timerTask.cancel();
            timerTask = null;
        }
        if(timer != null){
            timer.cancel();
            timer = null;
        }
    }
}

3.使用android自带的原生倒计时类 CountDownTimer

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.CountDownTimer;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;

public class FirstActivity extends Activity{

    private Button button;

    private CountDownTimer timer;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.first_activity);
        button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);

    }

    public void clickButton(View view){
        button.setClickable(false);
        //第一个参数:倒计时的毫秒数;第二个参数:接收onTick回调的时间间隔
        timer = new CountDownTimer(30000, 10) {
             public void onTick(long millisUntilFinished) {
                 button.setText(millisUntilFinished / 1000 + "秒");
             }
             public void onFinish() {
                 button.setText("重新计时");
                 button.setClickable(true);
             }
          };
        timer.start();
    }
    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        if(timer != null){
            timer.cancel();
        }
    }
}
1
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:59057次
    • 积分:1580
    • 等级:
    • 排名:千里之外
    • 原创:90篇
    • 转载:5篇
    • 译文:5篇
    • 评论:4条
    最新评论