# 线性表的顺序表示和实现

2000:0001
2000:0003
2000:0005
2000:0007
2000:0009
2000:0011
2000:0013
2000:0015
2000:0017
...
2000:1001
2000:1003
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1

a[9] 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

LOC(ai+1)=LOC(ai)+l

LOC(ai)=LOC(a1)+(i-1)*l

#define LIST_INIT_SIZE 100
#define LISTINCREMENT 10

typedef struct{

ElemType *elem; //存储空间基址

int length; //当前长度

int listsize; //当前分配的存储容量以一数据元素存储长度为单位

}SqList;

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

12
13
21
24
28
30
42
77

<-25

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

12
13
21
24
25
28
30
42
77

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

12
13
21
24
28
30
42
77

->24
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

12
13
21
28
30
42
77

status ListInsert(List *L,int i,ElemType e) {

struct STU *p,*q;

if (i<1||i>L->length+1) return ERROR;

q=&(L->elem[i-1]);

for(p=&L->elem[L->length-1];p>=q;--p)

*(p+1)=*p;

*q=e;

++L->length;

return OK;

}/*ListInsert Before i */

void MergeList(List *La,List *Lb,List *Lc) {

ElemType *pa,*pb,*pc,*pa_last,*pb_last;

pa=La->elem;pb=Lb->elem;

Lc->listsize = Lc->length = La->length + Lb->length;

pc = Lc->elem =

(ElemType *)malloc(Lc->listsize * sizeof(ElemType));

if(!Lc->elem) exit(OVERFLOW);

pa_last = La->elem + La->length - 1;

pb_last = Lb->elem + Lb->length - 1;

while(pa<=pa_last && pb<=pb_last) {

if(Less_EqualList(pa,pb)) *pc++=*pa++;

else *pc++=*pb++;

}

while(pa<=pa_last) *pc++=*pa++;

while(pb<=pb_last) *pc++=*pb++;

}

int LocateElem(List *La,ElemType e,int type) {

int i;

switch (type) {

case EQUAL:

for(i=0;i<length;i++)

if(EqualList(&La->elem,&e))

return 1;

break;

default:

break;

}

return 0;

}

void UnionList(List *La, List *Lb) {

int La_len,Lb_len; int i; ElemType e;

La_len=ListLength(La); Lb_len=ListLength(Lb);

for(i=0;i<Lb_len;i++) {

GetElem(*Lb,i,&e);

if(!LocateElem(La,e,EQUAL))

ListInsert(La,++La_len,e);

}

}