Linux下的WebLogic安装部署

转载 2015年11月19日 15:17:26

1.1 部署前准备
把WebLogic的bin包放在/home目录上. 
1、创建weblogic用户组。
   groupadd weblogic
   useradd -g weblogic weblogic
   passwd weblogic(修改weblogic密码)
2、创建/var/web/jsp/bea目录,修改目录所有者权限
   mkdir /var/web/jsp/bea
   chown –Rf weblogic:weblogic /var/web/jsp/bea
3、用weblogic用户登陆系统,修改配置文件。
   ~/.bash_profile
增加export LANG=en_US.iso885915

1.2 安装WebLogic 8.1
赋予.bin可执行权限:chmod a+x platform814_linux32.bin
执行./platform814_linux32.bin -mode=console
进入控制台安装的欢迎界面,键入[Next]继续
此时出现授权许可协议,读完后键入[Yes]继续
提示选择一个BEA主目录:
输入:/var/web/jsp/bea
确认BEA主目录,

键入[1]继续
选择安装类型, 键入[1]继续
选择安装路径,默认,输入[next]继续。
确认安装路径。键入[1]继续
安装完毕。
注:(两个补丁文件见补丁包的说明)
 
1.3 创建服务
使用WebLogic用户登录系统:
[weblogic@jcms bin]$ cd /var/web/jsp/bea/weblogic81/common/bin
[weblogic@jcms bin]$ ./config.sh
 
Unable to instantiate GUI, defaulting to console mode.
进入设置:
<-------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard -------------->
 
Create or Extend a Configuration:
---------------------------------
 
Choose between creating and extending a configuration. Based on your selection, the Configuration Wizard guides you through the steps to 
generate a new or extend an existing configuration.
 
 ->1|Create a new WebLogic configuration
    |    Start here to create a WebLogic configuration in your projects directory. 
 
   2|Extend an existing WebLogic configuration
    |    Start here to extend an existing WebLogic configuration. Use this option to add applications and services, including Database 
|    access (JDBC) and Messaging (JMS). This option also enables you to extend functionality by enabling WebLogic Workshop. 
 
 
 
Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Next]> 1
 
 
<-------------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ----------------------->
 
Select a Domain Template:
-------------------------
 
Please select a template from the list or select another directory of templates.
 
*[/home/weblogic/bea/weblogic81/common/templates/domains]
 
   1|Basic WebLogic Platform Domain 8.1.3.0
    | BEA Systems, Inc.
    | Create a basic WebLogic Platform domain, without installing sample applications. Domains created from this template will support the 
    |WebLogic Server, WebLogic Workshop, WebLogic Integration and WebLogic Portal runtime functionality, including support for J2EE 
    |applications, Web applications, Web Services, custom controls, business processes and portals. Use domains created from this template 
    |for development of WebLogic Platform applications.
 
   2|Basic WebLogic Portal Domain 8.1.3.0
   | BEA Systems, Inc.
    | Create a basic WebLogic Portal domain, without installing sample applications.   Domains created from this template will support the 
    |WebLogic Server, WebLogic Workshop and WebLogic Portal runtime functionality, including support for J2EE applications, Web applications,    
 |Web Services, custom controls and portals. Use domains created from this template for development of WebLogic Portal applications.
 
 3 |Basic WebLogic Integration Domain 8.1.3.0
   | BEA Systems, Inc.
    | Create a basic WebLogic Integration domain, without installing sample applications.   Domains created from this template will support 
    |the WebLogic Server, WebLogic Workshop and WebLogic Integration runtime functionality, including support for J2EE applications, Web 
    |applications, Web Services, custom controls and business processes. Use domains created from this template for development of WebLogic 
      |Integration applications.
 
     4|Basic WebLogic Workshop Domain 8.1.3.0
    | BEA Systems, Inc.
 
Enter index number to select OR [Down][Exit][Previous][Next]> down
 
 
 
<---------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ---------------------------->
 
Select a Domain Template:
-------------------------
 
Please select a template from the list or select another directory of templates.
 
    | Create a basic WebLogic Workshop domain, without installing sample applications.   Domains created from this template will support the     |WebLogic Server and WebLogic Workshop runtime functionality, including support for J2EE applications, Web applications, Web Services and     |custom controls. Use domains created from this template for development of WebLogic Workshop applications.
 
 ->5|Basic WebLogic Server Domain 8.1.3.0
    | BEA Systems, Inc.
    | Create a basic WebLogic Server domain without installing sample applications.
 
   6|WebLogic Server Examples Domain 8.1.3.0
    | BEA Systems, Inc.
    | Create the WebLogic Server Examples domain in a directory outside of the installed kit. The Examples domain contains a collection of 
    |examples to show best practices for coding individual J2EE APIs.
 
   7|Avitek Medical Records Sample Domain 8.1.3.0
    | BEA Systems, Inc.
    | Create the Avitek Medical Records domain in a directory outside of the installed kit. The Avitek Medical Records is a WebLogic Server     |sample application suite that concisely demonstrates all aspects of the J2EE platform.
 
   8|Select another directory location
 
 
Enter index number to select OR [Up][Exit][Previous][Next]>5
 
<--------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard --------------------->
 
Select a Domain Template:
-------------------------
 
Please select a template from the list or select another directory of templates.
    *The selected template is the same as the one you are working on. Do you 
    *want to reload the template ?
 
 ->1|Yes
 
   2|No
 
 
Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Next]> 1

<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Choose Configuration Option:
-------------------------
 
    *Do you want to run the wizard in express mode?
 ->1|Yes
   2|No
 
Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> 1
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Configure Administrative Username and Password:
--------------------
 
Create a user automatically assigned to the Administrative Role. This user is the default administrator used to start development mode 
servers.
 
    |          Name           |              Value              |
   _|_________________________|_________________________________|
   1|       *User name:       |            weblogic             |
   2|     *User password:     |                                 |
   3| *Confirm user password: |                                 |
   4|      Description:       | The default administration user |
 
Select Option:
    1 - Modify "User name"
    2 - Modify "User password"
    3 - Modify "Confirm user password"
    4 - Modify "Description"
 
Enter option number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> 2
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Configure Administrative Username and Password:
--------------------
 
Create a user automatically assigned to the Administrative Role. This user is the default administrator used to start development mode 
servers.
 
    "*User password:" = []
 
Input new *User password: OR [Exit][Reset][Accept]> [输入八位密码]  
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Configure Administrative Username and Password: 
--------------------
 
Create a user automatically assigned to the Administrative Role. This user is the default administrator used to start development mode 
servers.
 
 
    |          Name           |              Value              |
   _|_________________________|_________________________________|
   1|       *User name:       |            weblogic             |
   2|     *User password:     |             ******              |
   3| *Confirm user password: |                                 |
   4|      Description:       | The default administration user |
 
Select Option:
    1 - Modify "User name"
    2 - Modify "User password"
    3 - Modify "Confirm user password"
    4 - Modify "Description"
    5 - Discard Changes
 
Enter option number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> 3
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Configure Administrative Username and Password:
--------------------
 
Create a user automatically assigned to the Administrative Role. This user is the default administrator used to start development mode 
servers.
 
    "*Confirm user password:" = []
 
Input new *Confirm user password: OR [Exit][Reset][Accept]> [确认八位密码] ///口令必须与上面的一样
 
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Configure Administrative Username and Password:
--------------------
 
Create a user automatically assigned to the Administrative Role. This user is the default administrator used to start development mode 
servers.
 
 
 
 
 
 
    |          Name           |              Value              |
   _|_________________________|_________________________________|
   1|       *User name:       |            weblogic             |
   2|     *User password:     |            ********             |
   3| *Confirm user password: |            ********             |
   4|      Description:       | The default administration user |
 
Select Option:
    1 - Modify "User name"
    2 - Modify "User password"
    3 - Modify "Confirm user password"
    4 - Modify "Description"
    5 - Discard Changes
 
Enter option number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> next
 
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Domain Mode Configuration:
--------------------------
 
Enable Development or Production Mode for this domain. 
 
 ->1|Development Mode
 
   2|Production Mode
 
Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> 2
 
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Java SDK Selection:
-------------------
 
 ->1|JRockit SDK 1.4.2_04-8130 @ /home/weblogic/bea/jrockit81sp3_142_04
  2|Sun SDK 1.4.2_04 @ /home/weblogic/bea/jdk142_04
   3|Other Java SDK
 
Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> 1
 
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Select the target domain directory for this configuration:
----
 
    "Target Location" = [/home/weblogic/bea/user_projects/domains]
 
Input new Target Location OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> [直接回车]
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Edit Domain Information:
------------------------
 
    | Name | Value   |
   _|________|__________|
   1| *Name: | mydomain |
 
Enter value for "Name" OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> [输入名称或者直接回车]
 
 
 
<------------------------- BEA WebLogic Configuration Wizard ------------------------->
 
Creating Domain...
 
0%          25%          50%          75%          100%
[------------|------------|------------|------------]
[***************************************************]
 
 
**** Domain Created Successfully! ****
完成服务的建立!
 

1.4部署应用
1.4.1启动和关闭
1、如何启动WebLogic
[weblogic@jcms bin]$ cd /var/web/jsp/bea/user_projects/domains/mydomain
[weblogic@jcms bin]$ ./startWebLogic.sh    (需要输入用户名密码)
 
2、如何关闭WebLogic
[weblogic@jcms bin]$ ./stopWebLogic.sh
 
 
 
1.4.2 设置自动启动WebLogic
1、无需输入用户名密码启动关闭weblogic。
以weblogic账户在mydomain目录下,新建boot.properties文件,输入:
 
password=12345678
username=weblogic
 
把启动weblogic的用户名密码写进入。
 
2、修改starWeblogic.sh和stopWeblogic脚本
①startWeblogic.sh
 /usr/bin/nohup ${JAVA_HOME}……………… weblogic.Server > /var/web/weblogic.log 2>&1
 
注意:红色部分为添加的命令。意为将启动脚本放到后台执行,并输出日志。
 
   ②stopWeblogic.sh
     #!/bin/sh
………………脚本内容………(删除这段脚本,用于身份验证,删除后就无需输入用户名密码)
# set server name
 
    
3、将weblogic的启动关闭作为linux系统服务。
以root账户在/etc/init.d下新建weblogic文件,内容如下:
       
            #!/bin/sh
# chkconfig: 345 20 80
# description: Weblogic auto start-stop script.
 
DOMAIN_HOME=/var/web/jsp/user_projects/domains/mydomain
WLS_OWNER=weblogic
           
case "$1" in
     'start')
     su - ${WLS_OWNER} -c "cd ${DOMAIN_HOME}; ./startWebLogic.sh"
     ;;
     'stop')
     su - ${WLS_OWNER} -c "cd ${DOMAIN_HOME}; ./stopWebLogic.sh"
     ;;
Esac
 
其中DOMAIN_HOME是你创建的用户域的路径。文件配置好后,就可以利用linux的服务来启动和关闭weblogic了。
#service weblogic start
 
4、随系统自动启动和关闭weblogic
   以root用户执行如下命令:
 
 
            ln -s /etc/init.d/weblogic /etc/rc.d/rc1.d/K80weblogic
ln -s /etc/init.d/weblogic /etc/rc.d/rc2.d/S20weblogic
ln -s /etc/init.d/weblogic /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/S20weblogic
ln -s /etc/init.d/weblogic /etc/rc.d/rc4.d/S20weblogic
ln -s /etc/init.d/weblogic /etc/rc.d/rc5.d/S20weblogic
ln -s /etc/init.d/weblogic /etc/rc.d/rc6.d/K80weblogic
 
另外,其实我们也可以通过运行setup命令,在system services里面设置weblogic服务是否自动启动。
 
 
1.5 常见问题FAQ
A:weblogic无法启动,错误信息包含如下,
  <000000> 
 
Q:LDAP启动失败,导致的问题可能是用root账户启动了weblogic。检查mydomain目录下myserver/ldap/ldapfiles下的文件权限,是否是weblogic用户组,如果还是无法启动,请删除.tran文件。


A:weblogic无法启动,错误信息包含如下,
  <the deployment="" framework="" was="" unable="" to="" register="" with="" the="" data="" replication="" service.=""

 
Q:问题是管理域无法与用户域通信。查看linux系统主机名,查看/etc/hosts文件,看是否有如下一行主机记录,如果没有,请将这一行记录加入到/etc/hosts文件中。
 127.0.0.1    localhost.localdomain    localhost
 
 没有这一行记录,就会导致启动失败,一般在安装系统时,设置了主机名、有两块网卡,在设置主机名时,上面的记录就没有了。

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