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MSDN上发现了一篇很好的WCF入门教程

标签: wcfservicen2windowsinterfaceclass
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看了园子里很多学习WCF的例子,感觉受益匪浅,但是由于每个人学习的侧重点不同,一些很详细的细节例如每一个属性都是用来干什么的,建立不同的项目类型对创建的服务有什么区别等等,都不得而知。终于,在MSDN上发现了一篇入门教程。讲解的十分基本,十分详细,想进到每一个细节,然我彻底了解入门的每一个细节,整个教程结构清晰,代码简洁,讲解细致,值得推荐。

地址: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms734712.aspx

做这分5部来讲解创建一个最基本的基于B/S构架的WCF应用。服务是根据输入的两个数字,返回这两个数字的加减乘除运算结果。

第一步:定义WCF服务契约(创建项目,加入引用,定义Interface)
第二部:引入WCF服务契约(添加具体服务函数)
第三部:构架WCF服务,运行WCF服务(添加Uri,定义服务对象地址,运行服务)
第四部:利用工具访问服务,自动生成WCF服务代理的代码文件
第五部:配置一个简单的WCF客户端(用客户端引入服务代理,通过服务代理来访问服务)
第六部:运行程序
How to: Define a Windows Communication Foundation Service Contract
How to: Implement a Windows Communication Foundation Service Contract
How to: Host and Run a Basic Windows Communication Foundation Service
How to: Create a Windows Communication Foundation Client
How to: Configure a Basic Windows Communication Foundation Client
How to: Use a Windows Communication Foundation Client
先建立一个解决方案。
在这个解决方案下面建立一个叫做Server的控制台应用项目,再建立一个叫做Client的控制台应用项目。
分别给每一个项目添加引用到System.ServiceModel
编辑每个项目下面的Program.cs
 
using System;  
using System.ServiceModel;  
using System.ServiceModel.Description;  
  
namespace Microsoft.ServiceModel.Samples  
{  
    // Define a service contract.   
    [ServiceContract(Namespace = "http://Microsoft.ServiceModel.Samples")]  
    public interface ICalculator  
    {  
        [OperationContract]  
        double Add(double n1, double n2);  
        [OperationContract]  
        double Subtract(double n1, double n2);  
        [OperationContract]  
        double Multiply(double n1, double n2);  
        [OperationContract]  
        double Divide(double n1, double n2);  
    }  
  
    // Service class that implements the service contract.   
    // Added code to write output to the console window.   
    public class CalculatorService : ICalculator  
    {  
        public double Add(double n1, double n2)  
        {  
            double result = n1 + n2;  
            Console.WriteLine("Received Add({0},{1})", n1, n2);  
            Console.WriteLine("Return: {0}", result);  
            return result;  
        }  
  
        public double Subtract(double n1, double n2)  
        {  
            double result = n1 - n2;  
            Console.WriteLine("Received Subtract({0},{1})", n1, n2);  
            Console.WriteLine("Return: {0}", result);  
            return result;  
        }  
  
        public double Multiply(double n1, double n2)  
        {  
            double result = n1 * n2;  
            Console.WriteLine("Received Multiply({0},{1})", n1, n2);  
            Console.WriteLine("Return: {0}", result);  
            return result;  
        }  
  
        public double Divide(double n1, double n2)  
        {  
            double result = n1 / n2;  
            Console.WriteLine("Received Divide({0},{1})", n1, n2);  
            Console.WriteLine("Return: {0}", result);  
            return result;  
        }  
    }  
  
  
    class Program  
    {  
        static void Main(string[] args)  
        {  
  
            // Step 1 of the address configuration procedure: Create a URI to serve as the base address.   
            Uri baseAddress = new Uri("http://localhost:8000/ServiceModelSamples/Service");  
  
            // Step 1 of the hosting procedure: Create ServiceHost   
            ServiceHost selfHost = new ServiceHost(typeof(CalculatorService), baseAddress);  
            try  
            {  
  
  
                // Step 3 of the hosting procedure: Add a service endpoint.   
                selfHost.AddServiceEndpoint(  
                   typeof(ICalculator),  
                   new WSHttpBinding(),  
                    "CalculatorService");  
  
  
                // Step 4 of the hosting procedure: Enable metadata exchange.   
                ServiceMetadataBehavior smb = new ServiceMetadataBehavior();  
                smb.HttpGetEnabled = true;  
                selfHost.Description.Behaviors.Add(smb);  
  
                // Step 5 of the hosting procedure: Start (and then stop) the service.   
                selfHost.Open();  
                Console.WriteLine("The service is ready.");  
                Console.WriteLine("Press <ENTER> to terminate service.");  
                Console.WriteLine();  
                Console.ReadLine();  
  
                // Close the ServiceHostBase to shutdown the service.   
                selfHost.Close();  
            }  
            catch (CommunicationException ce)  
            {  
                Console.WriteLine("An exception occurred: {0}", ce.Message);  
                selfHost.Abort();  
            }  
        }  
    }  
}  
 
服务端创建好了以后,就可以试运行了。
这时候可以用微软提供的命令行工具访问这个服务,生成服务代理 app.config 和 generatedProxy.cs两个文件。

PATH=C:/WINDOWS/Microsoft.NET/Framework/v3.5

DataSvcUtil.exe /language:csharp /out:generatedProxy.cs /config:app.config http://localhost:8000/ServiceModelSamples/service

注意:实在server运行的时候,生成包装类。

当然,如果是已经运行的服务,可以使用VS引用就行了。

把这两个文件添加到客户端项目里去。
现在就可以编辑客户端代码了。

using System;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.Text;  
using System.ServiceModel;  
  
namespace ServiceModelSamples  
{  
  
    class Client  
    {  
        static void Main()  
        {  
            //Step 1: Create an endpoint address and an instance of the WCF Client.   
            EndpointAddress epAddress = new EndpointAddress("http://localhost:8000/ServiceModelSamples/Service/CalculatorService");  
            CalculatorClient client = new CalculatorClient(new WSHttpBinding(), epAddress);  
  
  
            // Step 2: Call the service operations.   
            // Call the Add service operation.   
            double value1 = 100.00D;  
            double value2 = 15.99D;  
            double result = client.Add(value1, value2);  
            Console.WriteLine("Add({0},{1}) = {2}", value1, value2, result);  
  
            // Call the Subtract service operation.   
            value1 = 145.00D;  
            value2 = 76.54D;  
            result = client.Subtract(value1, value2);  
            Console.WriteLine("Subtract({0},{1}) = {2}", value1, value2, result);  
  
            // Call the Multiply service operation.   
            value1 = 9.00D;  
            value2 = 81.25D;  
            result = client.Multiply(value1, value2);  
            Console.WriteLine("Multiply({0},{1}) = {2}", value1, value2, result);  
  
            // Call the Divide service operation.   
            value1 = 22.00D;  
            value2 = 7.00D;  
            result = client.Divide(value1, value2);  
            Console.WriteLine("Divide({0},{1}) = {2}", value1, value2, result);  
  
            //Step 3: Closing the client gracefully closes the connection and cleans up resources.   
            client.Close();  
  
            Console.WriteLine();  
            Console.WriteLine("Press <ENTER> to terminate client.");  
            Console.ReadLine();  
  
  
        }  
    }  
}  

每一个细节都包含在上面的这两个Program.cs文件中了,你大概看一下就会懂。比院子里大多数教材说得都清晰,特别适合像我一样爱刨根问底的初学者。:)
最后编译程序,试运行。(两个都是命令行程序,直接到那个编译好的目录里去找那个exe文件运行,先运行服务,再运行客户端)。


 
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