关闭

求和减2的次方

104人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:
Description
In this problem you are to calculate the sum of all integers from 1 to n, but you should take all powers of two with minus in the sum.

For example, for n = 4 the sum is equal to  - 1 - 2 + 3 - 4 =  - 4, because 1, 2 and 4 are 20, 21 and 22 respectively.

Calculate the answer for t values of n.

Input
The first line of the input contains a single integer t (1 ≤ t ≤ 100) — the number of values of n to be processed.

Each of next t lines contains a single integer n (1 ≤ n ≤ 109).

Output
Print the requested sum for each of t integers n given in the input.

Sample Input
Input
2
4
1000000000
Output
-4
499999998352516354
Hint

The answer for the first sample is explained in the statement.

代码:

#include<iostream>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
#include<algorithm>
#include<string.h>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
	int n;
	while(scanf("%d",&n)!=EOF)
	{
		while(n--)
		{
			long long a,i,ans=0;
			scanf("%lld",&a);
			for(i=1;i<=a;i=i*2)
			{
				ans-=2*i;
			}
			ans+=(a*(a+1)/2);
			printf("%lld\n",ans);
		}
	}
	return 0;
}
题意:给你一个数n,计算从一到n的整数和。不过如果其中的数是2的x次方时,不仅不加而且要减去。输出总和。

思路:一个for循环判断是不是2的次方,不用i++,直接i=2*i.其余的数直接用求和公式


0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:28302次
    • 积分:2568
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第15191名
    • 原创:240篇
    • 转载:11篇
    • 译文:0篇
    • 评论:4条