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LightOJ 1294:Positive Negative Sign(数学)

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Description
Given two integers: n and m and n is divisible by 2m, you have to write down the first n natural numbers in the following form. At first take first m integers and make their sign negative, then take next m integers and make their sign positive, the next m integers should have negative signs and continue this procedure until all the n integers have been assigned a sign. For example, let n be 12 and m be 3. Then we have

-1 -2 -3 +4 +5 +6 -7 -8 -9 +10 +11 +12

If n = 4 and m = 1, then we have

-1 +2 -3 +4

Now your task is to find the summation of the numbers considering their signs.

Input
Input starts with an integer T (≤ 10000), denoting the number of test cases.

Each case starts with a line containing two integers: n and m (2 ≤ n ≤ 109, 1 ≤ m). And you can assume that n is divisible by 2*m.

Output
For each case, print the case number and the summation.

Sample Input
2
12 3
4 1
Sample Output
Case 1: 18

Case 2: 2

代码:

#include<stdio.h>
int main()
{
	int t;
	while(scanf("%d",&t)!=EOF)
	{
		long long n,m;
		int k=1;
		while(t--)
		{
			scanf("%lld %lld",&n,&m);
			long long sum=n/m;
			long long ans=(sum/2)*m*m;
			printf("Case %d: %lld\n",k++,ans); 
		}
	}
	return 0;
}
题意:有从1到n数,每过m个数就改变一下符号,问最后得到的数。

思路:直接暴力解估计会超时,看规律,每m个数与上m个数相加都为m*m,这时就求有几组m就行了

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