如何截获带文本输入的控件的输入法输入结果 C#

原创 2016年05月31日 19:24:15

最近在开发一个串口终端软件,需要实现输入汉字,也就是类似于超级终端那样,输入一个汉字或一串汉字立马就发送到串口。

对于字母,很简单,监控按键就可以,如果是汉字,那就不行了。因为汉字是输入法输入的,文本控件不支持输入法输入产生事件。所以就需要另辟蹊径。

网上找了很久,始终没有找到好的方案,后来

参考了这篇博客点击打开链接

找到了思路,只不过楼主没有把问题完美解决。所以我在他的基础上彻底解决了问题


首先是如何得到输入法的结果

代码如下:

</pre><pre name="code" class="csharp">eGCS_RESULTSTR = 0x0800,
public class GetImeComposition
	{
		[DllImport("Imm32.dll")]
		public static extern IntPtr ImmGetContext(IntPtr hWnd);
		[DllImport("Imm32.dll")]
		public static extern bool ImmReleaseContext(IntPtr hWnd, IntPtr hIMC);
		[DllImport("Imm32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
		private static extern int ImmGetCompositionStringW(IntPtr hIMC, int dwIndex, byte[] lpBuf, int dwBufLen);
		/*
		 * handle 需要处理的控件的句柄
		 * */
		public string CurrentCompStr(IntPtr handle)
		{
			IntPtr hIMC = ImmGetContext(handle);
			try
			{
				int strLen = ImmGetCompositionStringW(hIMC, (int)emImeGcs.eGCS_RESULTSTR, null, 0);

				if (strLen > 0)
				{
					byte[] buffer = new byte[strLen];
					ImmGetCompositionStringW(hIMC, (int)emImeGcs.eGCS_RESULTSTR, buffer, strLen);
					return Encoding.Unicode.GetString(buffer);
				}
				else
				{
					return string.Empty;
				}
			}
			finally
			{
				ImmReleaseContext(handle, hIMC);
			}
		}
	}

接着是自定义控件

不同的控件需要建立不同的类,这里我用了RichTextBox


public class CmdRichTextBox : RichTextBox
	{
		public delegate void PrecessImeStrCallBack(string str);
		public PrecessImeStrCallBack ProcessIme = null;
		private GetImeComposition getImeStr = new GetImeComposition();
		string imeStr;

		protected override void WndProc(ref Message m)
		{
			switch (m.Msg)
			{
				//判断系统消息的ID号 
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_TIMECHANGE:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_STARTCOMPOSITION:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_ENDCOMPOSITION:
				case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_COMPOSITION:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_KEYLAST:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_TIMER:
				case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_SETCONTEXT:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_NOTIFY:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_CONTROL:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_COMPOSITIONFULL:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_SELECT:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_CHAR:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_REQUEST:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_KEYDOWN:
				//case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_KEYUP:
					break;
				case (int)emWinMsg.eWM_IME_ENDCOMPOSITION:
					imeStr = getImeStr.CurrentCompStr(this.Handle);
					//Debug.WriteLine(imeStr);
					if (ProcessIme != null)
					{
						ProcessIme(imeStr);
					}
					break;
				default:
					base.WndProc(ref m);
					break;
			}
		}
	}

附上枚举值定义


public enum emWinMsg
	{
		eWM_NULL = 0x0000,
		eWM_CREATE = 0x0001,
		eWM_DESTROY = 0x0002,
		eWM_MOVE = 0x0003,
		eWM_SIZE = 0x0005,
		eWM_ACTIVATE = 0x0006,
		eWM_SETFOCUS = 0x0007,
		eWM_KILLFOCUS = 0x0008,
		eWM_ENABLE = 0x000A,
		eWM_SETREDRAW = 0x000B,
		eWM_SETTEXT = 0x000C,
		eWM_GETTEXT = 0x000D,
		eWM_GETTEXTLENGTH = 0x000E,
		eWM_PAINT = 0x000F,
		eWM_CLOSE = 0x0010,
		eWM_QUERYENDSESSION = 0x0011,
		eWM_QUIT = 0x0012,
		eWM_QUERYOPEN = 0x0013,
		eWM_ERASEBKGND = 0x0014,
		eWM_SYSCOLORCHANGE = 0x0015,
		eWM_ENDSESSION = 0x0016,
		eWM_SHOWWINDOW = 0x0018,
		eWM_CTLCOLOR = 0x0019,
		eWM_WININICHANGE = 0x001A,
		eWM_SETTINGCHANGE = 0x001A,
		eWM_DEVMODECHANGE = 0x001B,
		eWM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x001C,
		eWM_FONTCHANGE = 0x001D,
		eWM_TIMECHANGE = 0x001E,
		eWM_CANCELMODE = 0x001F,
		eWM_SETCURSOR = 0x0020,
		eWM_MOUSEACTIVATE = 0x0021,
		eWM_CHILDACTIVATE = 0x0022,
		eWM_QUEUESYNC = 0x0023,
		eWM_GETMINMAXINFO = 0x0024,
		eWM_PAINTICON = 0x0026,
		eWM_ICONERASEBKGND = 0x0027,
		eWM_NEXTDLGCTL = 0x0028,
		eWM_SPOOLERSTATUS = 0x002A,
		eWM_DRAWITEM = 0x002B,
		eWM_MEASUREITEM = 0x002C,
		eWM_DELETEITEM = 0x002D,
		eWM_VKEYTOITEM = 0x002E,
		eWM_CHARTOITEM = 0x002F,
		eWM_SETFONT = 0x0030,
		eWM_GETFONT = 0x0031,
		eWM_SETHOTKEY = 0x0032,
		eWM_GETHOTKEY = 0x0033,
		eWM_QUERYDRAGICON = 0x0037,
		eWM_COMPAREITEM = 0x0039,
		eWM_GETOBJECT = 0x003D,
		eWM_COMPACTING = 0x0041,
		eWM_COMMNOTIFY = 0x0044,
		eWM_WINDOWPOSCHANGING = 0x0046,
		eWM_WINDOWPOSCHANGED = 0x0047,
		eWM_POWER = 0x0048,
		eWM_COPYDATA = 0x004A,
		eWM_CANCELJOURNAL = 0x004B,
		eWM_NOTIFY = 0x004E,
		eWM_INPUTLANGCHANGEREQUEST = 0x0050,
		eWM_INPUTLANGCHANGE = 0x0051,
		eWM_TCARD = 0x0052,
		eWM_HELP = 0x0053,
		eWM_USERCHANGED = 0x0054,
		eWM_NOTIFYFORMAT = 0x0055,
		eWM_CONTEXTMENU = 0x007B,
		eWM_STYLECHANGING = 0x007C,
		eWM_STYLECHANGED = 0x007D,
		eWM_DISPLAYCHANGE = 0x007E,
		eWM_GETICON = 0x007F,
		eWM_SETICON = 0x0080,
		eWM_NCCREATE = 0x0081,
		eWM_NCDESTROY = 0x0082,
		eWM_NCCALCSIZE = 0x0083,
		eWM_NCHITTEST = 0x0084,
		eWM_NCPAINT = 0x0085,
		eWM_NCACTIVATE = 0x0086,
		eWM_GETDLGCODE = 0x0087,
		eWM_SYNCPAINT = 0x0088,
		eWM_NCMOUSEMOVE = 0x00A0,
		eWM_NCLBUTTONDOWN = 0x00A1,
		eWM_NCLBUTTONUP = 0x00A2,
		eWM_NCLBUTTONDBLCLK = 0x00A3,
		eWM_NCRBUTTONDOWN = 0x00A4,
		eWM_NCRBUTTONUP = 0x00A5,
		eWM_NCRBUTTONDBLCLK = 0x00A6,
		eWM_NCMBUTTONDOWN = 0x00A7,
		eWM_NCMBUTTONUP = 0x00A8,
		eWM_NCMBUTTONDBLCLK = 0x00A9,
		eWM_KEYDOWN = 0x0100,
		eWM_KEYUP = 0x0101,
		eWM_CHAR = 0x0102,
		eWM_DEADCHAR = 0x0103,
		eWM_SYSKEYDOWN = 0x0104,
		eWM_SYSKEYUP = 0x0105,
		eWM_SYSCHAR = 0x0106,
		eWM_SYSDEADCHAR = 0x0107,
		eWM_KEYLAST = 0x0108,
		eWM_IME_STARTCOMPOSITION = 0x010D,
		eWM_IME_ENDCOMPOSITION = 0x010E,
		eWM_IME_COMPOSITION = 0x010F,
		eWM_IME_KEYLAST = 0x010F,
		eWM_INITDIALOG = 0x0110,
		eWM_COMMAND = 0x0111,
		eWM_SYSCOMMAND = 0x0112,
		eWM_TIMER = 0x0113,
		eWM_HSCROLL = 0x0114,
		eWM_VSCROLL = 0x0115,
		eWM_INITMENU = 0x0116,
		eWM_INITMENUPOPUP = 0x0117,
		eWM_MENUSELECT = 0x011F,
		eWM_MENUCHAR = 0x0120,
		eWM_ENTERIDLE = 0x0121,
		eWM_MENURBUTTONUP = 0x0122,
		eWM_MENUDRAG = 0x0123,
		eWM_MENUGETOBJECT = 0x0124,
		eWM_UNINITMENUPOPUP = 0x0125,
		eWM_MENUCOMMAND = 0x0126,
		eWM_CTLCOLORWinMsgBOX = 0x0132,
		eWM_CTLCOLOREDIT = 0x0133,
		eWM_CTLCOLORLISTBOX = 0x0134,
		eWM_CTLCOLORBTN = 0x0135,
		eWM_CTLCOLORDLG = 0x0136,
		eWM_CTLCOLORSCROLLBAR = 0x0137,
		eWM_CTLCOLORSTATIC = 0x0138,
		eWM_MOUSEMOVE = 0x0200,
		eWM_LBUTTONDOWN = 0x0201,
		eWM_LBUTTONUP = 0x0202,
		eWM_LBUTTONDBLCLK = 0x0203,
		eWM_RBUTTONDOWN = 0x0204,
		eWM_RBUTTONUP = 0x0205,
		eWM_RBUTTONDBLCLK = 0x0206,
		eWM_MBUTTONDOWN = 0x0207,
		eWM_MBUTTONUP = 0x0208,
		eWM_MBUTTONDBLCLK = 0x0209,
		eWM_MOUSEWHEEL = 0x020A,
		eWM_PARENTNOTIFY = 0x0210,
		eWM_ENTERMENULOOP = 0x0211,
		eWM_EXITMENULOOP = 0x0212,
		eWM_NEXTMENU = 0x0213,
		eWM_SIZING = 0x0214,
		eWM_CAPTURECHANGED = 0x0215,
		eWM_MOVING = 0x0216,
		eWM_DEVICECHANGE = 0x0219,
		eWM_MDICREATE = 0x0220,
		eWM_MDIDESTROY = 0x0221,
		eWM_MDIACTIVATE = 0x0222,
		eWM_MDIRESTORE = 0x0223,
		eWM_MDINEXT = 0x0224,
		eWM_MDIMAXIMIZE = 0x0225,
		eWM_MDITILE = 0x0226,
		eWM_MDICASCADE = 0x0227,
		eWM_MDIICONARRANGE = 0x0228,
		eWM_MDIGETACTIVE = 0x0229,
		eWM_MDISETMENU = 0x0230,
		eWM_ENTERSIZEMOVE = 0x0231,
		eWM_EXITSIZEMOVE = 0x0232,
		eWM_DROPFILES = 0x0233,
		eWM_MDIREFRESHMENU = 0x0234,
		eWM_IME_SETCONTEXT = 0x0281,
		eWM_IME_NOTIFY = 0x0282,
		eWM_IME_CONTROL = 0x0283,
		eWM_IME_COMPOSITIONFULL = 0x0284,
		eWM_IME_SELECT = 0x0285,
		eWM_IME_CHAR = 0x0286,
		eWM_IME_REQUEST = 0x0288,
		eWM_IME_KEYDOWN = 0x0290,
		eWM_IME_KEYUP = 0x0291,
		eWM_MOUSEHOVER = 0x02A1,
		eWM_MOUSELEAVE = 0x02A3,
		eWM_CUT = 0x0300,
		eWM_COPY = 0x0301,
		eWM_PASTE = 0x0302,
		eWM_CLEAR = 0x0303,
		eWM_UNDO = 0x0304,
		eWM_RENDERFORMAT = 0x0305,
		eWM_RENDERALLFORMATS = 0x0306,
		eWM_DESTROYCLIPBOARD = 0x0307,
		eWM_DRAWCLIPBOARD = 0x0308,
		eWM_PAINTCLIPBOARD = 0x0309,
		eWM_VSCROLLCLIPBOARD = 0x030A,
		eWM_SIZECLIPBOARD = 0x030B,
		eWM_ASKCBFORMATNAME = 0x030C,
		eWM_CHANGECBCHAIN = 0x030D,
		eWM_HSCROLLCLIPBOARD = 0x030E,
		eWM_QUERYNEWPALETTE = 0x030F,
		eWM_PALETTEISCHANGING = 0x0310,
		eWM_PALETTECHANGED = 0x0311,
		eWM_HOTKEY = 0x0312,
		eWM_PRINT = 0x0317,
		eWM_PRINTCLIENT = 0x0318,
		eWM_HANDHELDFIRST = 0x0358,
		eWM_HANDHELDLAST = 0x035F,
		eWM_AFXFIRST = 0x0360,
		eWM_AFXLAST = 0x037F,
		eWM_PENWINFIRST = 0x0380,
		eWM_PENWINLAST = 0x038F,
		eWM_APP = 0x8000,
		eWM_USER = 0x0400,
		eWM_REFLECT = eWM_USER + 0x1c00
	}


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