# python 高阶函数

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f = print()
f('hello python')

def maxNum(x, y):
if x > y
return x
else
return y

def getMaxNum(x, y, f):

return f(x, y)

max = getMaxNum(5, 6, maxNum)

python自带了一些功能强大的高阶函数

## Map

map(functioniterable...)

Return an iterator that applies function to every item of iterable, yielding the results. If additional iterable arguments are passed, function must take that many arguments and is applied to the items from all iterables in parallel. With multiple iterables, the iterator stops when the shortest iterable is exhausted. For cases where the function inputs are already arranged into argument tuples, see itertools.starmap().

>>> def doubleNum(x):
...    return x*2
...
>>> l=list(range(1,11))
>>> l
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
>>> double_l=map(doubleNum, l)
>>> double_l
[2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20]

## Reduce

functools.reduce(functioniterable[initializer])

Apply function of two arguments cumulatively to the items of sequence, from left to right, so as to reduce the sequence to a single value. For example, reduce(lambda x, y: x+y, [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]) calculates ((((1+2)+3)+4)+5). The left argument, x, is the accumulated value and the right argument, y, is the update value from the sequence. If the optional initializer is present, it is placed before the items of the sequence in the calculation, and serves as a default when the sequence is empty. If initializer is not given and sequence contains only one item, the first item is returned.

reduce传入两个参数，一个接收两个参数的函数和一个iterable类并返回一个结果，文档中也给了一个例子，把一个x＋y的函数作用到一个1到5的list，相当于对1到5求和

>>> l=list(range(1,101))
>>> l
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100]
>>> reduce(lambda x,y:x+y, l)
5050

## Max

max(arg1arg2*args[key])

Return the largest item in an iterable or the largest of two or more arguments.

If one positional argument is provided, it should be an iterable. The largest item in the iterable is returned. If two or more positional arguments are provided, the largest of the positional arguments is returned.

There are two optional keyword-only arguments. The key argument specifies a one-argument ordering function like that used for list.sort(). The default argument specifies an object to return if the provided iterable is empty. If the iterable is empty and default is not provided, aValueError is raised.

If multiple items are maximal, the function returns the first one encountered. This is consistent with other sort-stability preserving tools such as sorted(iterable, key=keyfunc, reverse=True)[0] and heapq.nlargest(1, iterable, key=keyfunc).

>>> max('a','b')
'b'
>>> l=[3,5,9]
>>> max(l)
9
>>> max(l,'a')
'a'
>>> 

>>> def getMax(l):
...    return max(l)
...
>>> f=getMax(list(range(1,6)))
>>> f
5

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