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202. Happy Number

标签: Hash TableMathLeetcodeHappy Number
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Write an algorithm to determine if a number is "happy".

A happy number is a number defined by the following process: Starting with any positive integer, replace the number by the sum of the squares of its digits, and repeat the process until the number equals 1 (where it will stay), or it loops endlessly in a cycle which does not include 1. Those numbers for which this process ends in 1 are happy numbers.

Example: 19 is a happy number

  • 12 + 92 = 82
  • 82 + 22 = 68
  • 62 + 82 = 100
  • 12 + 02 + 02 = 1

Credits:
Special thanks to @mithmatt and @ts for adding this problem and creating all test cases.

程序思路:

1、创建一个val和一个string来取各位,hashset来存储各个数

2、如果val等于1或者hashset已经包含当前数,跳出循环

3、判断是因为等于1跳出的,还是形成loop退出的,返回相应的true或者false

代码如下:

public class Solution {
    public boolean isHappy(int n) {
        HashSet<Integer> hs = new HashSet<Integer>();
        int val = n;
        String strval = Integer.toString(val);;
        while (val != 1) {
            strval = Integer.toString(val);
            val = 0;
            for (int i = 0; i < strval.length(); i++) {
                val += (strval.charAt(i) - '0') * (strval.charAt(i) - '0');
            }
            if (hs.contains(val)) {
                break;
            } else {
                hs.add(val);
            }
        }
        if (val == 1) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }
}

比较简洁的代码如下:

public boolean isHappy(int n) {
    Set<Integer> inLoop = new HashSet<Integer>();
    int squareSum,remain;
	while (inLoop.add(n)) {
		squareSum = 0;
		while (n > 0) {
		    remain = n%10;
			squareSum += remain*remain;
			n /= 10;
		}
		if (squareSum == 1)
			return true;
		else
			n = squareSum;

	}
	return false;

}

这里获取各位的数,比较巧妙:

while (n > 0) {
	remain = n%10;
	squareSum += remain*remain;
	n /= 10;
}




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