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多线程同步中的哲学家就餐问题 - linux 平台实现

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本文是哲学家就餐问题在 linux 上的程序实现,与windows 平台的实现类似,

程序上稍有不同。

PhilosopherDining.cpp

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <semaphore.h>

#include "RasUtil.h"

using namespace std;

const unsigned int PHILOSOPHER_NUM=5;
const char THINKING=1;
const char HUNGRY=2;
const char DINING=3;

// each fork has a semaphore
sem_t semph[PHILOSOPHER_NUM];

// Mutex for printing
pthread_mutex_t mutex;

void* philosopherProc(void* param);

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
 int i;
 srand(getpid());
 pthread_t philosopherThread[PHILOSOPHER_NUM];
 int phId[PHILOSOPHER_NUM];

 pthread_mutex_init(&mutex, NULL);
 for (i=0; i<PHILOSOPHER_NUM; i++)
 {
         phId[i] = i;
  sem_init(&semph[i], 0, 1);
  pthread_create(&philosopherThread[i], NULL, philosopherProc, (void*)(&phId[i]));
  usleep(50);
 }

 sleep(3);
 return 0;
}

void* philosopherProc(void* param)
{
 int myid;
 char idStr[128];
 char stateStr[128];
 char mystate;
 int ret;
 unsigned int leftFork;
 unsigned int rightFork;

 myid = *((int*)(param));
 RasUtil::intToStr(myid, idStr);
 
 cout << "philosopher " << myid << " begin......" << endl;
 //usleep(10);

 // initial state is THINKING
 mystate = THINKING;
 leftFork = (myid) % PHILOSOPHER_NUM;
 rightFork = (myid + 1) % PHILOSOPHER_NUM;

 while (true)
 {
  switch(mystate)
  {
  case THINKING:
   // changing my state
   mystate = HUNGRY;
   strcpy(stateStr, "HUNGRY");
   break;

  case HUNGRY:
   strcpy(stateStr, "HUNGRY");
   // first test the left fork ...
   ret = sem_trywait(&semph[leftFork]);
   if (ret == 0)
   {
    // left fork is ok, take it up !
    // then test the right fork ...
    ret = sem_trywait(&semph[rightFork]);
    if (ret == 0)
    {
     // right fork is also ok !
     // changing my state
     mystate = DINING;
     strcpy(stateStr, "DINING");
    }
    else
    {
     // right fork is being used by others, so I must put down
     // the left fork.
     sem_post(&semph[leftFork]);
    }
   }
   break;

  case DINING:
   // put down both the left and right fork
   sem_post(&semph[leftFork]);
   sem_post(&semph[rightFork]);

   // changing my state
   mystate = THINKING;
   strcpy(stateStr, "THINKING");
   break;
  }

  // print my state
  pthread_mutex_lock(&mutex);
  cout << "philosopher " << myid << " is : " << stateStr << endl;  
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&mutex);
  
  // sleep a random time : between 1 - 5 s
  int sleepTime;
  sleepTime = 1 + (int)(5.0*rand()/(RAND_MAX+1.0));
  usleep(sleepTime*10);
 }
}

RasUtil.h : 完成整数转换为字符串

#ifndef _RasUtil_h_
#define _RasUtil_h_

class RasUtil
{
public:
 static inline void intToStr(int i, char* str);


};


inline void RasUtil::intToStr(int i, char* str)
{
    int dec;
    int sign;
    char* p;

    p = ecvt(i, 10, &dec, &sign);
    strcpy(str, p);
    str[dec] = 0;
}

#endif

 

 

 

 

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