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一个thrift实例

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原文地址:https://my.oschina.net/zmlblog/blog/177245


1. 编写thrift接口文件student.thrift 


struct Student{
 1: i32 sno,
 2: string sname,
 3: bool ssex,
 4: i16 sage,
}
service Serv{
 i32 put(1: Student s),
}


2. 用“thrift -r --gen cpp student.thrift”在gen-cpp文件夹中生成cpp及头文件,其中自动生成了Serv_server.skeleton.cpp文件,它是简单的server端代码,可以修改(一般都重新参照来写server端代码)。 
可以用
g++ -g -DHAVE_NETINET_IN_H -I. -I/usr/local/include/thrift -L/usr/local/lib Serv.cpp student_types.cpp student_constants.cpp Serv_server.skeleton.cpp -o server -lthrift 
生成server可执行程序; 


3. 可以修改Serv_server.skeleton.cpp文件,做成非阻塞server: 
    新建server.cpp文件(参照Serv_server.skeleton.cpp并参照nonblockingServer的写法): 


#include <concurrency/ThreadManager.h> //zml
#include <concurrency/PosixThreadFactory.h> //zml
#include "Serv.h"
#include <protocol/TBinaryProtocol.h>
#include <server/TSimpleServer.h>
#include <transport/TServerSocket.h>
#include <transport/TBufferTransports.h>
#include <server/TNonblockingServer.h> //zml    
using namespace ::apache::thrift;
using namespace ::apache::thrift::protocol;
using namespace ::apache::thrift::transport;
using namespace ::apache::thrift::server;    
using namespace::apache::thrift::concurrency; //zml        
using boost::shared_ptr;


#define THREAD_NUM 2
const int g_port = 9090;
class ServHandler : virtual public ServIf {
 public:
  ServHandler() {
// Your initialization goes here
  }
  int32_t put(const Student& s) {
// Your implementation goes here
printf("put student.sno=%d\n", s.sno);
return s.sno;
  }
};
int thrift_server_run()
{
//创建thrift server
shared_ptr<ServHandler> handler(new ServHandler());
shared_ptr<TProcessor> processor(new ServProcessor(handler));
shared_ptr<TProtocolFactory> protocolFactory(new TBinaryProtocolFactory());

shared_ptr<ThreadManager> threadManager = ThreadManager::newSimpleThreadManager(THREAD_NUM);
shared_ptr<PosixThreadFactory> threadFactory = shared_ptr<PosixThreadFactory> (new PosixThreadFactory()); //PosixThreadFactory可以自定义(继承于ThreadFactory)
threadManager->threadFactory(threadFactory);
threadManager->start();
TNonblockingServer server(processor, protocolFactory, g_port, threadManager);
try {
server.serve();
}
catch(TException e) {
printf("Server.serve() failed\n");
exit(-1);
}
return 0;
}
int main(int argc, char **argv) {
thrift_server_run();
while(1) {
sleep(10);
}
return 0;
}
    
    生成server可执行程序: 
    g++ -g -DHAVE_NETINET_IN_H -I. -I/usr/local/include/thrift -L/usr/local/lib Serv.cpp student_types.cpp student_constants.cpp server.cpp -o server -lthriftnb -levent -lthrift -lrt 


4. 编写对接nonblockingServer的client端代码: 


#include "Serv.h"  // 替换成你的.h  
#include <transport/TSocket.h>
#include <transport/TBufferTransports.h>
#include <protocol/TBinaryProtocol.h>
using namespace apache::thrift;
using namespace apache::thrift::protocol;
using namespace apache::thrift::transport;
using boost::shared_ptr;
int main()
{
boost::shared_ptr<TSocket> socket(new TSocket("localhost", 9090));

//对接nonblockingServer时必须的,对普通server端时用boost::shared_ptr<TTransport> transport(new TBufferedTransport(socket));
boost::shared_ptr<TTransport> transport(new TFramedTransport(socket)); 

boost::shared_ptr<TProtocol> protocol(new TBinaryProtocol(transport));
ServClient client(protocol);

//设置发送、接收、连接超时
socket->setConnTimeout(2000);
socket->setRecvTimeout(2000);
socket->setSendTimeout(2000);

transport->open();

//insert your code here  
Student stu;
stu.sno = 1;
stu.sname = "zml";
stu.ssex = 0;
stu.sage = 25;
int ret = client.put(stu);
printf("client put ret=%d\n", ret);

transport->close();
return 0;
}
    
    编译生成client可执行程序: 
    g++ -g -DHAVE_NETINET_IN_H -I/usr/local/include/thrift -L/usr/local/lib/ Serv.cpp student_types.cpp student_constants.cpp client.cpp -o client -lpthread -lthrift -lrt

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