STL算法设计理念 - 二元函数,二元谓词以及在set中的应用

标签: stl算法二元函数二元谓词谓词
913人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:

demo 二元函数对象

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>

using namespace std;

template <typename T>
class SumVector
{
public:
	T operator()(T t1, T t2) // 二元函数对象
	{
		return t1 + t2;
	}
protected:
private:
};

void play01()
{
	vector<int> v1, v2, v3;
	v1.push_back(1);
	v1.push_back(3);
	v1.push_back(5);
	
	v2.push_back(2);
	v2.push_back(4);
	v2.push_back(6);

	v3.resize(10);
	transform(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v2.begin(), v3.begin(), SumVector<int>());
	/* transform函数原型
	template<class _InIt1,
	class _InIt2,
	class _OutIt,
	class _Fn2> inline
		_OutIt transform(_InIt1 _First1, _InIt1 _Last1,
		_InIt2 _First2, _OutIt _Dest, _Fn2 _Func)
	{	// transform [_First1, _Last1) and [_First2, ...) with _Func
		_DEBUG_RANGE(_First1, _Last1);
		_DEBUG_POINTER(_Dest);
		_DEBUG_POINTER(_Func);
		if (_First1 != _Last1)
			return (_Transform2(_Unchecked(_First1), _Unchecked(_Last1),
			_First2, _Dest, _Func,
			_Is_checked(_Dest)));
		return (_Dest);
	}
	*/
	// transform把运算结果迭代器的开始位置返回出来

	for (vector<int>::iterator it = v3.begin(); it != v3.end(); ++it) {
		cout << *it << ' ';
	}
	cout << endl;
	// 3 7 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
}

int main()
{
	play01();

	return 0;
}

demo 二元谓词

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
#include <ctime>

using namespace std;

void printVector(vector<int> &v)
{
	for (vector<int>::iterator it = v.begin(); it != v.end(); ++it) {
		cout << *it << ' ';
	}
	cout << endl;
}

void FuncShowElemt2(const int &t)
{
	cout << t << ' ';
}

// 二元谓词
bool myCompare(const int &a, const int &b)
{
	return a < b;
}

void play01()
{
	vector<int> v(10);

	srand(time(0));
	for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
		int tmp = rand() % 100;
		v[i] = tmp;
	}

	printVector(v);
	// 90 19 94 50 90 90 24 50 30 74

	for_each(v.begin(), v.end(), FuncShowElemt2);
	cout << endl;
	// 90 19 94 50 90 90 24 50 30 74

	sort(v.begin(), v.end(), myCompare);
	for_each(v.begin(), v.end(), FuncShowElemt2);
	cout << endl;
	// 0 8 14 23 32 33 44 45 63 80
}

int main()
{
	play01();

	return 0;
}

demo 二元谓词在set中的应用

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <set>
#include <algorithm>
#include <string>

using namespace std;

struct CompareNoCase
{
	bool operator()(const string &str1, const string &str2)
	{
		string tmpstr1;
		tmpstr1.resize(str1.size());
		transform(str1.begin(), str1.end(), tmpstr1.begin(), tolower);

		string tmpstr2;
		tmpstr2.resize(str2.size());
		transform(str2.begin(), str2.end(), tmpstr2.begin(), tolower);

		return tmpstr1 < tmpstr2;
	}
};

void play01()
{
	set<string> set1;
	set1.insert("lucifer");
	set1.insert("zhang");
	set1.insert("yaoqi");

	set<string>::iterator it1 = set1.find("LUcifer"); // find函数默认区分大小写
	if (it1 == set1.end()) {
		cout << "find fail\n";
	}
	else {
		cout << "find success\n";
	}
	// find fail

	set<string, CompareNoCase> set2;
	set2.insert("lucifer");
	set2.insert("zhang");
	set2.insert("yaoqi");
	set<string, CompareNoCase>::iterator it2 = set2.find("LUcifer"); // find函数默认区分大小写
	if (it2 == set2.end()) {
		cout << "find fail\n";
	}
	else {
		cout << "find success\n";
	}
	// find success
	
}

int main()
{
	play01();

	return 0;
}

0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:350799次
    • 积分:7506
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第3191名
    • 原创:398篇
    • 转载:30篇
    • 译文:11篇
    • 评论:48条
    博客专栏