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Firefox3,IE6,IE7,IE8上传图片预览

标签: iefirefoxfunctionwrapperxhtmlfile
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<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>Firefox3,IE6,IE7,IE8上传图片预览</title>
<style type="text/css">
#preview_wrapper{
	display:inline-block;
	width:300px;
	height:300px;
	background-color:#CCC;
}
#preview_fake{ /* 该对象用于在IE下显示预览图片 */
	filter:progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(sizingMethod=scale);
}
#preview_size_fake{ /* 该对象只用来在IE下获得图片的原始尺寸,无其它用途 */
	filter:progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(sizingMethod=image);	
	visibility:hidden;
}
#preview{ /* 该对象用于在FF下显示预览图片 */
	width:300px;
	height:300px;
}
</style>

<script type="text/javascript">
function onUploadImgChange(sender){
	var filePath = sender.value;
	var fileExt = filePath.substring(filePath.lastIndexOf(".")).toLowerCase();
	if(!checkFileExt(fileExt))
	{
	alert("您上传的文件不是图片,请重新上传!");
	return;
	}

	
	var objPreview = document.getElementById( 'preview' );
	var objPreviewFake = document.getElementById( 'preview_fake' );
	var objPreviewSizeFake = document.getElementById( 'preview_size_fake' );
	try{
		if( sender.files &&  sender.files[0] ){
			objPreview.style.display = 'block';
			objPreview.style.width = 'auto';
			objPreview.style.height = 'auto';
			
			// Firefox 因安全性问题已无法直接通过 input[file].value 获取完整的文件路径
			objPreview.src = sender.files[0].getAsDataURL();	
			//读取图片文件大小
			fileSize = sender.files[0].fileSize;
			checkFileSize(sender,fileSize);

		}else if( objPreviewFake.filters ){ 
			// IE7,IE8 在设置本地图片地址为 img.src 时出现莫名其妙的后果
			//(相同环境有时能显示,有时不显示),因此只能用滤镜来解决
			
			// IE7, IE8因安全性问题已无法直接通过 input[file].value 获取完整的文件路径
			sender.select();
			var imgSrc = document.selection.createRange().text;
			
			objPreviewFake.filters.item(
				'DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader').src = imgSrc;
			objPreviewSizeFake.filters.item(
				'DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader').src = imgSrc;
			
			autoSizePreview( objPreviewFake, 
				objPreviewSizeFake.offsetWidth, objPreviewSizeFake.offsetHeight );
			objPreview.style.display = 'none';
			//读取图片文件大小        
			var sh = setInterval(
			function(){
			var img = document.createElement("img");
			img.src = imgSrc;
			fileSize = img.fileSize;
			if (fileSize > 0){ checkFileSize(sender,fileSize);clearInterval(sh);}
			img = null;
			}
			,100);
		}
	}catch(e)
	{
		 alert("您上传的文件过大或者不是图片,请重新上传!");
	}    
}

function onPreviewLoad(sender){
	autoSizePreview( sender, sender.offsetWidth, sender.offsetHeight );
}

function autoSizePreview( objPre, originalWidth, originalHeight ){
	var zoomParam = clacImgZoomParam( 300, 300, originalWidth, originalHeight );
	objPre.style.width = zoomParam.width + 'px';
	objPre.style.height = zoomParam.height + 'px';
	objPre.style.marginTop = zoomParam.top + 'px';
	objPre.style.marginLeft = zoomParam.left + 'px';
}

function clacImgZoomParam( maxWidth, maxHeight, width, height ){
	var param = { width:width, height:height, top:0, left:0 };
	
	if( width>maxWidth || height>maxHeight ){
		rateWidth = width / maxWidth;
		rateHeight = height / maxHeight;
		
		if( rateWidth > rateHeight ){
			param.width =  maxWidth;
			param.height = height / rateWidth;
		}else{
			param.width = width / rateHeight;
			param.height = maxHeight;
		}
	}
	
	param.left = (maxWidth - param.width) / 2;
	param.top = (maxHeight - param.height) / 2;
	
	return param;
}

function checkFileSize(sender,fileSize)
{
    if(fileSize > 3145728)
    {
        alert("您上传的文件过大,请上传小于3M的图片!");
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

function checkFileExt(ext)
{
    if (!ext.match(/.jpg|.gif|.png|.bmp/i)) {
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

</script>

</head>

<body>
	<div id="preview_wrapper">

		<div id="preview_fake">
			<img id="preview" onload="onPreviewLoad(this)"/>
		</div>
	</div>
	<br/>
	<input id="upload_img" type="file" onchange="onUploadImgChange(this)"/>
	<br/>
	<img id="preview_size_fake"/>
</body>

</html>



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