Java IO_工具类 尚学堂179

FileInputStream的构造器可以直接传一个String类型的参数,它的内部会自己new File,我们就可以把创建源头这部给省略了:

public FileInputStream(String name) throws FileNotFoundException {
    this(name != null ? new File(name) : null);
}

FileInputStream的构造器抛出异常FileNotFoundException,而FileNotFoundException是继承了IOException:

public class FileNotFoundException extends IOException {......}

在操作IO的时候,很多异常直接处理他的父类IOException就可以了。

同样地,FileOutputStream的构造器也可以直接传字符串:

public FileOutputStream(String name) throws FileNotFoundException {
    this(name != null ? new File(name) : null, false);
}

文件拷贝到文件:

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

public class FileUtils {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//文件到文件
		try {
			InputStream is = new FileInputStream("abc.txt");
			OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream("abc-copy.txt");
			copy(is, os);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 对接输入输出流
	 * @param is
	 * @param os
	 */
	public static void copy(InputStream is, OutputStream os) {
		try {
			//3、操作(分段读取)
			byte[] flush = new byte[1024];//缓冲容器
			int len = -1;//接收长度
			while((len = is.read(flush)) != -1) {
				os.write(flush, 0, len);//分段写出
				os.flush();
			}
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}finally {
			//4、释放资源 分别关闭 先打开的后关闭
			try {
				if(null != os) {
					os.close();
				}
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
			try {
				if(null != is) {
					is.close();
				}
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
		}
	}
}

ByteArrayOutputStream内部自己会维护字节数组。

文件到字节数组 和 字节数组到文件:

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

public class FileUtils {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//文件到字节数组
		byte[] datas = null;
		try {
			InputStream is = new FileInputStream("p.png");
			ByteArrayOutputStream os = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
			copy(is, os);
			datas = os.toByteArray();
			System.out.println(datas.length);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
		//字节数组到文件
		try {
			InputStream is = new ByteArrayInputStream(datas);
			OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream("p-copy.png");
			copy(is, os);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 对接输入输出流
	 * @param is
	 * @param os
	 */
	public static void copy(InputStream is, OutputStream os) {
		try {
			//3、操作(分段读取)
			byte[] flush = new byte[1024];//缓冲容器
			int len = -1;//接收长度
			while((len = is.read(flush)) != -1) {
				os.write(flush, 0, len);//分段写出
				os.flush();
			}
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}finally {
			//4、释放资源 分别关闭 先打开的后关闭
			try {
				if(null != os) {
					os.close();
				}
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
			try {
				if(null != is) {
					is.close();
				}
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
		}
	}
}

拷贝图片直接用FileInputStream和FileOutputStream也可以:

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

public class FileUtils {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		try {
			InputStream is = new FileInputStream("p.png");
			OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream("p-copy2.png");
			copy(is, os);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 对接输入输出流
	 * @param is
	 * @param os
	 */
	public static void copy(InputStream is, OutputStream os) {
		try {
			//3、操作(分段读取)
			byte[] flush = new byte[1024];//缓冲容器
			int len = -1;//接收长度
			while((len = is.read(flush)) != -1) {
				os.write(flush, 0, len);//分段写出
				os.flush();
			}
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}finally {
			//4、释放资源 分别关闭 先打开的后关闭
			try {
				if(null != os) {
					os.close();
				}
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
			try {
				if(null != is) {
					is.close();
				}
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
		}
	}
}

把释放资源的方法也封装了:

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

public class FileUtils {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		try {
			InputStream is = new FileInputStream("p.png");
			OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream("p-copy2.png");
			copy(is, os);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 对接输入输出流
	 * @param is
	 * @param os
	 */
	public static void copy(InputStream is, OutputStream os) {
		try {
			//3、操作(分段读取)
			byte[] flush = new byte[1024];//缓冲容器
			int len = -1;//接收长度
			while((len = is.read(flush)) != -1) {
				os.write(flush, 0, len);//分段写出
				os.flush();
			}
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}finally {
			//4、释放资源 分别关闭 先打开的后关闭
			close(is, os);
		}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 释放资源
	 * @param is
	 * @param os
	 */
	public static void close(InputStream is, OutputStream os) {
		try {
			if(null != os) {
				os.close();
			}
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		try {
			if(null != is) {
				is.close();
			}
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
}

InputStream抽象类实现了Closeable接口:

public abstract class InputStream implements Closeable {......}

OutputStream抽象类也实现了Closeable接口:

public abstract class OutputStream implements Closeable, Flushable {......}

可以进一步修改,使用可变参数

	/**
	 * 释放资源
	 * @param ios
	 */
	public static void close(Closeable... ios) throws IOException {
		for (Closeable io : ios) {
			if(null != io) {
				io.close();
			}
		}
	}

try...with...resource(JDK9以下不支持)

不要finally,多个流用封号来分割,这样就自动做释放了:

	/**
	 * 对接输入输出流
	 * @param is
	 * @param os
	 */
	public static void copy(InputStream is, OutputStream os) {
		try(is;os){
			//3、操作(分段读取)
			byte[] flush = new byte[1024];//缓冲容器
			int len = -1;//接收长度
			while((len = is.read(flush)) != -1) {
				os.write(flush, 0, len);//分段写出
				os.flush();
			}
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

try后面的括号里放流的声明,然后直接操作这个流,最后它自己内部会释放资源:

	/**
	 * 对接输入输出流
	 * @param is
	 * @param os
	 */
	public static void copy2(String srcPath, String destPath) {
		//1、创建源
		File src = new File(srcPath);//源头
		File dest = new File(destPath);//目的地
		//2、选择流
		try(InputStream is = new FileInputStream(src);
				OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(dest)){
			//3、操作(分段读取)
			byte[] flush = new byte[1024];//缓冲容器
			int len = -1;//接收长度
			while((len = is.read(flush)) != -1) {
				os.write(flush, 0, len);//分段写出
			}
			os.flush();
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

 

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