Windows 关机消息的截获

摘要

用户的一个误操作往往会引起Windows系统的退出,正运行中的程序的数据也因此丢失,为了提高我们程序的健壮性,下面我们来说说
Windows 关机消息的截获

原理

  在Windows关机或注销的时候会给每个进程传送一个WM_QUERYENDSESSION消息,如果中间有的进程不能顺利的结束,这时该信息执行的结果将返回FALSE,这时Windows将不再继续向后面的进程发送WM_QUERYENDSESSION消息,只有所有的进程都可以顺利的结束,才代表顺利结束.
  不管WM_QUERYENDSESSION消息最后是否可以顺利结束,Windows会再向所有的进程传送WM_ENDSESSION消息,而wParam的内容指出是否可以顺利结束如果返回FALSE则Windows将不会退出

实例

#include
/*Dev-C++编译*/


/* Declare Windows procedure */
LRESULT CALLBACK WindowProcedure (HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM);

/* Make the class name into a global variable */
char szClassName[ ] = "WindowsApp";


int WINAPI WinMain (HINSTANCE hThisInstance,
                    HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
                    LPSTR lpszArgument,
                    int nFunsterStil)
{
    HWND hwnd; /* This is the handle for our window */
    MSG messages; /* Here messages to the application are saved */
    WNDCLASSEX wincl; /* Data structure for the windowclass */

    /* The Window structure */
    wincl.hInstance = hThisInstance;
    wincl.lpszClassName = szClassName;
    wincl.lpfnWndProc = WindowProcedure; /* This function is called by windows */
    wincl.style = CS_DBLCLKS; /* Catch double-clicks */
    wincl.cbSize = sizeof (WNDCLASSEX);

    /* Use default icon and mouse-pointer */
    wincl.hIcon = LoadIcon (NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
    wincl.hIconSm = LoadIcon (NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
    wincl.hCursor = LoadCursor (NULL, IDC_ARROW);
    wincl.lpszMenuName = NULL; /* No menu */
    wincl.cbClsExtra = 0; /* No extra bytes after the window class */
    wincl.cbWndExtra = 0; /* structure or the window instance */
    /* Use Windows’s default color as the background of the window */
    wincl.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) COLOR_BACKGROUND;

    /* Register the window class, and if it fails quit the program */
    if (!RegisterClassEx (&wincl))
        return 0;

    /* The class is registered, let’s create the program*/
    hwnd = CreateWindowEx (
                    0, /* Extended possibilites for variation */
                    szClassName, /* Classname */
                    "Windows App", /* Title Text */
                    WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW, /* default window */
                    CW_USEDEFAULT, /* Windows decides the position */
                    CW_USEDEFAULT, /* where the window ends up on the screen */
                    544, /* The programs width */
                    375, /* and height in pixels */
                    HWND_DESKTOP, /* The window is a child-window to desktop */
                    NULL, /* No menu */
                    hThisInstance, /* Program Instance handler */
                    NULL /* No Window Creation data */
                    );

    /* Make the window visible on the screen */
    ShowWindow (hwnd, nFunsterStil);

    /* Run the message loop. It will run until GetMessage() returns 0 */
    while (GetMessage (&messages, NULL, 0, 0))
    {
    /* Translate virtual-key messages into character messages */
        TranslateMessage(&messages);
        /* Send message to WindowProcedure */
        DispatchMessage(&messages);
    }

    /* The program return-value is 0 - The value that PostQuitMessage() gave */
    return messages.wParam;
}


/* This function is called by the Windows function DispatchMessage() */

LRESULT CALLBACK WindowProcedure (HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    switch (message) /* handle the messages */
    {
        case WM_DESTROY:
            PostQuitMessage (0); /* send a WM_QUIT to the message queue */
            break;
        case WM_QUERYENDSESSION:
            /*如果要注销或关闭系统返回 1 否则返回 0
            不管WM_QUERYENDSESSION最后的结果是可以顺利结束或不能顺利结束,Windows会再送
            一个WM_ENDSESSION的信息给所有的Process,而wParam的内容便是指出是否可以顺利结束*/
            return 0;//return 1;
        case WM_ENDSESSION:
            /*如果要注销或关闭系统返回 1 否则返回 0*/
            return 0;//return 1;
        default: /* for messages that we don’t deal with */
            return DefWindowProc (hwnd, message, wParam, lParam);
    }

    return 0;
}

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