the Subversion svn command has built in diff functionality but it is more limited than GNU diff. It doesn’t allow you to use the ‘-q’ option to “Report only whether the files differ, not the details of the differences.” Luckily, svn allows you to specify an external “diff” command and then pass it arguments. Use the following command to list only files with local modifications and changes within a subversion checkout.
svn diff --diff-cmd "diff" -x "-q" . | grep Index | cut -d " " -f 2
svn diff path(将修改的文件与基础版本比较)
例如：svn diff test.php
svn diff -r m:n path(对版本m和版本n比较差异)
例如：svn diff -r 200:201 test.php