一些常用的SQL 语句 之5

 

19、查看catched object

  SELECT owner, name, db_link, namespace,

  type, sharable_mem, loads, executions,

  locks, pins, kept FROM v$db_object_cache

  20、查看V$SQLAREA

  SELECT SQL_TEXT, SHARABLE_MEM, PERSISTENT_MEM, RUNTIME_MEM, SORTS,

  VERSION_COUNT, LOADED_VERSIONS, OPEN_VERSIONS, USERS_OPENING, EXECUTIONS,

  USERS_EXECUTING, LOADS, FIRST_LOAD_TIME, INVALIDATIONS, PARSE_CALLS,

DISK_READS,

  BUFFER_GETS, ROWS_PROCESSED FROM V$SQLAREA

  21、查看object分类数量

  select decode (o.type#,1,'INDEX' , 2,'TABLE' , 3 , 'CLUSTER' , 4, 'VIEW' , 5

,

  'SYNONYM' , 6 , 'SEQUENCE' , 'OTHER' ) object_type , count(*) quantity from

  sys.obj$ o where o.type# > 1 group by decode (o.type#,1,'INDEX' , 2,'TABLE' ,

3

  , 'CLUSTER' , 4, 'VIEW' , 5 , 'SYNONYM' , 6 , 'SEQUENCE' , 'OTHER' ) union

select

  'COLUMN' , count(*) from sys.col$ union select 'DB LINK' , count(*) from

  22、按用户查看object种类

  select u.name schema, sum(decode(o.type#, 1, 1, NULL)) indexes,

  sum(decode(o.type#, 2, 1, NULL)) tables, sum(decode(o.type#, 3, 1, NULL))

  clusters, sum(decode(o.type#, 4, 1, NULL)) views, sum(decode(o.type#, 5, 1,

  NULL)) synonyms, sum(decode(o.type#, 6, 1, NULL)) sequences,

  sum(decode(o.type#, 1, NULL, 2, NULL, 3, NULL, 4, NULL, 5, NULL, 6, NULL, 1))

  others from sys.obj$ o, sys.user$ u where o.type# >= 1 and u.user# =

  o.owner# and u.name <> 'PUBLIC' group by u.name order by

  sys.link$ union select 'CONSTRAINT' , count(*) from sys.con$

  23、有关connection的相关信息

  1)查看有哪些用户连接

  select s.osuser os_user_name, decode(sign(48 - command), 1, to_char(command),

  'Action Code #' || to_char(command) ) action, p.program oracle_process,

  status session_status, s.terminal terminal, s.program program,

  s.username user_name, s.fixed_table_sequence activity_meter, '' query,

  0 memory, 0 max_memory, 0 cpu_usage, s.sid, s.serial# serial_num

  from v$session s, v$process p where s.paddr=p.addr and s.type = 'USER'

  order by s.username, s.osuser

  2)根据v.sid查看对应连接的资源占用等情况

  select n.name,

  v.value,

  n.class,

  n.statistic#

  from v$statname n,

  v$sesstat v

  where v.sid = 71 and

  v.statistic# = n.statistic#

  order by n.class, n.statistic#

  3)根据sid查看对应连接正在运行的sql

  select /*+ PUSH_SUBQ */

  command_type,

  sql_text,

  sharable_mem,

  persistent_mem,

  runtime_mem,

  sorts,

  version_count,

  loaded_versions,

  open_versions,

  users_opening,

  executions,

  users_executing,

  loads,

  first_load_time,

  invalidations,

  parse_calls,

  disk_reads,

  buffer_gets,

  rows_processed,

  sysdate start_time,

  sysdate finish_time,

  '>' || address sql_address,

  'N' status

  from v$sqlarea

  where address = (select sql_address from v$session where sid = 71)

  24、查询表空间使用情况select a.tablespace_name "表空间名称",

  100-round((nvl(b.bytes_free,0)/a.bytes_alloc)*100,2) "占用率(%)",

  round(a.bytes_alloc/1024/1024,2) "容量(M)",

  round(nvl(b.bytes_free,0)/1024/1024,2) "空闲(M)",

  round((a.bytes_alloc-nvl(b.bytes_free,0))/1024/1024,2) "使用(M)",

  Largest "最大扩展段(M)",

  to_char(sysdate,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') "采样时间"

  from (select f.tablespace_name,

  sum(f.bytes) bytes_alloc,

  sum(decode(f.autoextensible,'YES',f.maxbytes,'NO',f.bytes)) maxbytes

  from dba_data_files f

  group by tablespace_name) a,

  (select f.tablespace_name,

  sum(f.bytes) bytes_free

  from dba_free_space f

  group by tablespace_name) b,

  (select round(max(ff.length)*16/1024,2) Largest,

  ts.name tablespace_name

  from sys.fet$ ff, sys.file$ tf,sys.ts$ ts

  where ts.ts#=ff.ts# and ff.file#=tf.relfile# and ts.ts#=tf.ts#

  group by ts.name, tf.blocks) c

  where a.tablespace_name = b.tablespace_name and a.tablespace_name =

c.tablespace_name

  25、 查询表空间的碎片程度

  select tablespace_name,count(tablespace_name) from dba_free_space group by

tablespace_name

  having count(tablespace_name)>10;

  alter tablespace name coalesce;

  alter table name deallocate unused;

  create or replace view ts_blocks_v as

  select tablespace_name,block_id,bytes,blocks,'free space' segment_name from

dba_free_space

  union all

  select tablespace_name,block_id,bytes,blocks,segment_name from dba_extents;

  select * from ts_blocks_v;

  select tablespace_name,sum(bytes),max(bytes),count(block_id) from

dba_free_space

  group by tablespace_name;

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