spring装配bean(基于注解)

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装配bean(基于注解)

l  注解:就是一个类,使用@注解名称

l  开发中:使用注解 取代 xml配置文件。

 

l  注解使用前提,添加命名空间,让spring扫描含有注解类


1. @Component

@Component取代<bean class="">

@Component("id")取代 <beanid="" class="">


UserService:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.a_ioc;

public interface UserService {
	
	public void addUser();

}


UserServiceImpl:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.a_ioc;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component("userServiceId")
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

	@Override
	public void addUser() {
		System.out.println("g_annotation.a_ioc add user");
	}

}


beans.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
	<!-- 组件扫描,扫描含有注解的类 -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.itheima.g_annotation.a_ioc"></context:component-scan>
</beans>


TestAnnoIoC:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.a_ioc;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class TestAnnoIoC {
	
	@Test
	public void demo02(){
		//从spring容器获得
		String xmlPath = "com/itheima/g_annotation/a_ioc/beans.xml";
		ApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(xmlPath);
		UserService userService = (UserService) applicationContext.getBean("userServiceId");
		userService.addUser();
		
	}

}


2.web开发

提供3个@Component注解衍生注解(功能一样)取代<beanclass="">

       @Repository:dao层

       @Service:service层

       @Controller:web层


3.依赖注入    

给私有字段设置,也可以给setter方法设置

       普通值:@Value("")

       引用值:

              方式1:按照【类型】注入

                     @Autowired

              方式2:按照【名称】注入1

                     @Autowired

                     @Qualifier("名称")

              方式3:按照【名称】注入2

                     @Resource("名称")


StudentDao:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.b_web;

public interface StudentDao {

	void save();

}

StudentDaoImpl:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.b_web;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

@Repository("studentDaoId")
public class StudentDaoImpl implements StudentDao {

	@Override
	public void save() {
		System.out.println("dao");
	}

}


StudentService:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.b_web;

public interface StudentService {

	void addStudent();

}


StudentServiceImpl:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.b_web;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;


@Service
public class StudentServiceImpl implements StudentService {
	
	private StudentDao studentDao;
	
	@Autowired
	@Qualifier("studentDaoId")
	public void setStudentDao(StudentDao studentDao) {
		this.studentDao = studentDao;
	}

	@Override
	public void addStudent() {
		studentDao.save();
	}

}


StudentAction:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.b_web;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;

@Controller("studentActionId")
public class StudentAction {
	
	@Autowired //默认按照类型
	private StudentService studentService;

	public void execute() {
		studentService.addStudent();
	}

}


beans.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
	<!-- 组件扫描,扫描含有注解的类 -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.itheima.g_annotation.b_web"></context:component-scan>
</beans>


TestAnnoWeb:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.b_web;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class TestAnnoWeb {
	
	@Test
	public void demo02(){
		//从spring容器获得
		String xmlPath = "com/itheima/g_annotation/b_web/beans.xml";
		ApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(xmlPath);
		StudentAction studentAction = (StudentAction) applicationContext.getBean("studentActionId");
		
		studentAction.execute();
		
	}

}


4.生命周期

       初始化:@PostConstruct

       销毁:@PreDestroy


5.作用域

       @Scope("prototype")多例


UserService:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.c_other;

public interface UserService {
	
	public void addUser();

}


UserServiceImpl:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.c_other;

import javax.annotation.PostConstruct;
import javax.annotation.PreDestroy;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Scope;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service("userServiceId")
//@Scope("prototype")
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

	@Override
	public void addUser() {
		System.out.println("d_scope add user");
	}
	
	@PostConstruct
	public void myInit(){
		System.out.println("初始化");
	}
	@PreDestroy
	public void myDestroy(){
		System.out.println("销毁");
	}

}


beans.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
       					   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
	<!-- 组件扫描,扫描含有注解的类 -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.itheima.g_annotation.c_other"></context:component-scan>
</beans>


TestOther:

package com.itheima.g_annotation.c_other;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class TestOther {
	
	@Test
	public void demo02(){
		//spring 工厂
		String xmlPath = "com/itheima/g_annotation/c_other/beans.xml";
		ClassPathXmlApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(xmlPath);
		UserService userService = applicationContext.getBean("userServiceId" ,UserService.class);
		UserService userService2 = applicationContext.getBean("userServiceId" ,UserService.class);
		
		System.out.println(userService);
		System.out.println(userService2);
		
		applicationContext.close();
	}

}



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